Archive | October 15th, 2010

IS FALLUJAH HIDDEN HIROSHIMAS?

NOVANEWS

38 HIROSHIMAS HIDDEN: How’d The Army Do That?

October 15, 2010

by Bob Nichols  

Why not a matchBox sized nuke? Easy to use, not detectable.
Why not a matchbox sized nuke? Easy to use, not detectable.

(San Francisco) – Dr. Chris Busby, a world famous UK based physicist, was at the UN last week with the results of his health survey comparing the health of the city of Fallujah, Iraq with 38 Hiroshimas.

The results were truly astonishing, even to the jaded eyes of UN representatives, old retired war fighters and politically connected bureaucrats. No armed force had accomplished this level of death and disease in a civilian population before.

What Weapons Do Many Hiroshimas?

There it was in black and white, on paper, from an internationally respected physicist – the utterly unbelievable, but certified results: Fallujah’s leukemia rate was 38 times higher than Hiroshima after the US Atomic Bombing in 1945. The questions were fast and furious.

Questions include:

  1. How did the US do that? and,
  2. What weapons did the US deploy on the civilian population to cause so much cancer? and,
  3. Did the US nuke weapons labs develop a Cancer Bomb?

Many diplomatic representatives were probably wondering how their government could get some of those weapons, though they had no idea what the weapons were. Neither do I.

This is a whole ‘nother level of warfare, to paraphrase Maj Doug Rokke, USArmy, Ret., former Director of the Pentagon’s Depleted Uranium Project. The US Army and Marines visited upon the isolated, small Iraqi city of Fallujah, somehow, 38 times the killing and cancer causing power of the Atomic Bomb that devastated Hiroshima 65 years ago. That is a big improvement in war fighting lethality. What on Earth did you guys use?

The Livermore Nuclear Weapons Lab in California and the Lethality Center at Picatinney Aresenal in New Jersey were most certainly involved, among others, in this monumental breakthrough in war fighting capability. This is a really big deal! War fighting is all about delivering death and disease to the enemy population and enemy war fighters.

Was Fallujah a “Field Test” for New Hiroshima Weapons?

A reliable “Cancer Bomb” that nations can deploy while the whole world is watching is a long sought after Holy Grail of the US Weapons Program. A “Cancer Bomb” that politicians and Generals can deploy with arguable deniability, as if it was just another conventional weapon, would be absolutely Priceless to War Makers, War Planners and War Targeters at the Pentagon. They have long dreamed of just such a weapon. 

The Cancer Bomb Results in Fallajuh do look like the answer to many a War Planners’ Prayer. This is a good report from Dr. Busby. I highly recommend it to all you guys at the Pentagon, gals too. This is the answer to your Prayers.

US Def Sec Robert Gates
US Def Sec Robert Gates is the Man. The Nuke Labs really work for him.

It is not so good for ordinary grunts slogging through house-to-house urban warfare. The distinction between targeted civilian and US grunt is non-existent. This stuff does not discriminate. It just kills, or sickens with death as the exit strategy.

Why, even the Roman Catholic Church and the Pope endorse whole heartily the concept of slaughtering people and leaving the legacy infrastructure and buildings standing. “In 1979, Pope John Paul II conferred on … Sam Cohen a peace medal for his invention, the neutron bomb.” (1)

What weapons did you use, guys? It would seem that the logical choices are dialed down B61-11 nuclear weapons set to less than 5 kt to cover up their use. Fourth Generation nuclear weapons for heavy neutron doses to the civilian population and other rumored neutron weapons. Doctors have told us that heavy neutron warfare would produce these disease and cancer characteristics and Male/Female sex ratio changes. What else did you use?

Here’s the results, all scientific like, of what you guys did.

Abstract

Cancer, Infant Mortality and Birth Sex-Ratio in Fallujah, Iraq 2005–2009

Dr. Chris Busby

Abstract: There have been anecdotal reports of increases in birth defects and cancer in Fallujah, Iraq blamed on the use of novel weapons (possibly including depleted uranium) in heavy fighting which occurred in that town between US led forces and local elements in 2004. In Jan/Feb 2010 the authors organised a team of researchers who visited 711 houses in Fallujah, Iraq and obtained responses to a questionnaire in Arabic on cancer, birth defects and infant mortality. The total population in the resulting sample was 4,843 persons with and overall response rate was better than 60%. Relative Risks for cancer were age-standardised and compared to rates in the Middle East Cancer Registry (MECC, Garbiah Egypt) for 1999 and rates in Jordan 1996–2001. Between Jan 2005 and the survey end date there were 62 cases of cancer malignancy reported (RR = 4.22; CI: 2.8, 6.6; p < 0.00000001) including 16 cases of childhood cancer 0-14 (RR = 12.6; CI: 4.9, 32; p < 0.00000001). Highest risks were found in all-leukaemia in the age groups 0-34 (20 cases RR = 38.5; CI: 19.2, 77; p < 0.00000001), all lymphoma 0–34 (8 cases, RR = 9.24;CI: 4.12, 20.8; p < 0.00000001), female breast cancer 0–44 (12 cases RR = 9.7;CI: 3.6, 25.6; p < 0.00000001) and brain tumours all ages (4 cases, RR = 7.4;CI: 2.4, 23.1; P < 0.004). Infant mortality was based on the mean birth rate over the 4 year period 2006–2009 with 1/6th added for cases reported in January and February 2010. There were 34 deaths in the age group 0–1 in this period giving a rate of 80 deaths per 1,000 births. This may be compared with a rate of 19.8 in Egypt (RR = 4.2 p < 0.00001) 17 in Jordan in 2008 and 9.7 in Kuwait in 2008. The mean birth sex-ratio in the recent 5-year cohort was anomalous.

Normally the sex ratio in human populations is a constant with 1,050 boys born to 1,000 girls. This is disturbed if there is a genetic damage stress. The ratio of boys to 1,000 girls in the 0–4, 5–9, 10–14 and 15–19 age cohorts in the Fallujah sample were 860, 1,182, 1,108 and 1,010 respectively suggesting genetic damage to the 0–4 group (p < 0.01). Whilst the results seem to qualitatively support the existence of serious mutation-related health effects in Fallujah, owing to the structural problems associated with surveys of this kind, care should be exercised in interpreting the findings quantitatively.

Copyright 2010 – Bob Nichols. Feel free to distribute with attribution and Notes.

SOURCES & NOTES 

  • The Nuclear Threat That Does Not Exist – Or Does It?, by Sam Cohen and Joe Douglass, March 11, 2003, Financial Sense
  • Cancer, Infant Mortality and Birth Sex-Ratio in Fallujah, Iraq 2005–2009
  • Chris Busby, Malak Hamdan, and Entesar Ariabi, 1 Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Ulster, Cromore Rd, Coleraine, BT52 1SA, UK
  • 2 100 Tanfield Avenue, Neasden, London, NW2 7RT, UK; E-Mail: malakhamdan@hotmail.com
  • 3 82 Goldsmith Road, London, N11 3JN, UK; E-Mail: intisar_alobady@yahoo.com
  • Author to whom correspondence should be addressed; E-Mail: christo@greenaudit.org; Tel.: +44-1970-630215 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting              +44-1970-630215      end_of_the_skype_highlighting; Fax: +44-1970-630215.
  • Received: 7 June 2010; in revised form: 23 June 2010 / Accepted: 30 June 2010 / Published: 6 July 2010, Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 2828-2837; doi:10.3390/ijerph7072828

* Sources and Notes are an integral part of the article. Include when distributing.

 

Posted in Middle EastComments Off on IS FALLUJAH HIDDEN HIROSHIMAS?

THE UGLY AMERICAN & FRANTIC RACE OVER THE ABYSS

NOVANEWS

THE UGLY AMERICAN AND HIS FRANTIC RACE OVER THE ABYSS – ON TO THE TRASH HEAP OF HISTORY

October 15, 2010

by Joe Cortina

Christian Warrior

I am finally convinced that a huge percentage of the American people are the worst hypocrites imaginable – considering the fact that some 80% of us claim to be “Christians”

The AVAILABLE facts that our barbarian young sons have murdered many thousands of COMPLETELY innocent women and children in Afghanistan and ten times that many in Iraq, tells me a great deal about our present day character. The number of innocents dying or dead from disease, starvation, suicide, and deformed mutated newborn ( thanks to our “safe” DU weapons) are now over SIX figures.

But – that’s OK – because these are Arab peoples and are only “animals” as we are taught by our criminal Zionist leadership – and as I was advised while in the Occupied Territories’ at GAZA in the Summer of 89. There – I witnessed the world’s largest institutionalized terrorist organization – the IDF – commit sadistic war crimes against helpless defenseless children – mock America – blaspheme Christ and commit the most cruel vicious crimes against unarmed civilians imaginable.

I have been a lot of places and seen a lot of ‘bad’ things – but I have never experienced a more demonically evil devious lying treacherous people on earth than these “sons of Satan” in IsraHELL. Conversely – I never met a more generous hospitable warm people than the Arabs – that is – before our Zionist occupiers ‘taught’ our sheeple that they were our ‘enemies’ – and that we had a mandate to murder ALL of them to satiate the blood lust of IsraHELL!

The Talmudic Jews call all non-Jews ‘goyem’ (cattle), and our own ‘intellectually challenged’ people – especially high ranking Zionists and bovine mentality useful idiots slander TRUE Christians with terms the most debasing of terms. The most putrid rancid evil ignorant hypocrite disgrace to America and abominations to Christ – are the Southern Baptists.

These tens of millions of brain-sharing evangelical ‘Judeo-Christian Babt-duhs’ are a gigantic cancerous scum, whose very presence in my country are not only a monstrous embarrassment, but a MORTAL liability to the safety of every man woman and child in this nation! The sources of TRUTH today are LEGION – so ignorance is NOT an excuse. Their evil conduct is PURPOSEFUL and CRIMINAL in nature. They are the MORTAL enemy of goodness and decency – no less than the Jews from which they are VOLUNTARILY indistinguishable!

Whatever kind of ‘being’ these hypocrite, Synagogue Of Satan, demented, bloodthirsty, sadistic, war-mongering people worship – He DAMN sure isn’t the loving teacher of truth personality I have come to know from the NT as Jesus – the Christ. They pervert Christianity into an ugly vile evil abomination of hatred racism and a culture of DEATH!

These brain-dead imbeciles who have been weaned on the blasphemous Oxford University Press’s ‘New and Improved’ Schofield Bible, don’t consider Arab/Muslim people worth being respected as fellow humans – and these ‘sub-humans’ are ALL considered to be “cursed” by some ‘god’ – or more accurately Satan!. But of course – as far as these monsters are concerned – you are just doing god’s will when you murder innocent helpless children.

Foregoing the fact of course that the Arab people are the ONLY ancient culture that in modern times can trace their unbroken genealogy far back enough to Biblical times to truly be called Semites. I doubt if there is a living ‘Jew’ that can do that – even white collar ADL terrorist monster – Foxman.

I suggest that all this, will – in the very near future – lead us into more and more pre-emptive serial wars concluding logically in a real Armageddon – ‘game over’. I believe that this madness will ignite consequences of unimaginable proportions and will ultimately lead us into a ‘dark age’ in America’s history the likes of which will eventually destroy ALL semblance of any goodness left in this country. A country that has endeared itself to me – in uniform and civilian life for over 70 years.

As the venerable French philosopher, writer and statesman, Alexis De Tocqueville so ominously stated over 170 years ago: “ America is great because America is good, and when America ceases to be good, America will cease to be great”. Remember that – remember it WELL – because it might very well be the ‘epitaph’ on our nation’s tombstone as defying all logic reason wisdom and goodness – we RACE to the trash heap of history .

So, – for those Americans who feel so arrogant and proud of the unspeakable horrors we have committed against these innocents – including Palestinian women and children – murdered by the thousands with equipment WE have DISGRACEFULLY supplied – in the devious mendacious names of “just cause” – “honor” – “liberation” etc. – I have decided to do something different.

Instead of endlessly trying to make the “deaf” hear or the “blind” see – I will give you something to remember, a ‘tool’ which should ease you collective consciences – should you ever come to the future realization – that the Godless horrors you now so proudly boast about – just might in fact be a hypocritical abomination in the ‘eyes of God.

If the time for soul searching comes – and the nightmares of unspeakable horrors that YOU and your mindless cruelty made possible -creep into your peaceful sleep – just repeat this mantra, over and over and over again until you believe it. That pesky conscience will eventually ‘go-away’ and your conversion into a Zionist robot will be complete – so not to worry.

Keep your self occupied with shallow petty inane trivia – send lots of cute jokes and drivel on the net – watch a lot of NFL and NASCAR – and keep focused on the REALLY important things in life – faster cars – bigger homes – longer boats – better jobs and above all – being popular and wealthy!.

Try NOT to REMEMBER the FACT – that these dead, mutilate and dying people were NOT your enemies – they were CREATED ‘enemies’. Created by our Jew dominated press – our leaders – and ESPECIALLY by YOUR CRIMINAL IGNORANCE! You faux Baptists have MUCH innocent blood upon your hands.

HERE THEN, IS THE ‘BLUEPRINT’ WITH WHICH TO ‘CREATE’ AN ‘ENEMY’ – KILL HIM – BEAT HIM – RAPE HIM – TORTURE HIM – MUTILATE HIM – STARVE HIM – IMPOVERISH HIM – HUMILIATE HIM, AND NOT HAVE THE SLIGHTEST REMORSE FOR YOUR MINDLESS BARBARIC CRIMINAL CONDUCT.

This is how to ignore the cold-blooded MURDER of almost TWO MILLION innocent human beings – MOST of then HELPLESS INNOCENT CHILDREN – NO different – NO less loved than YOUR children or MY grandchildren – all brutally slaughtered by our imperialist Jew controlled Jew loyal Army of psychopathic sick animals in Iraq ALONE. I trained your GRANDFATHERS year ago – to DEFEND this nation against REAL enemies – BUT NOT – to be child murderers for the greater glory of IsraHELL – as we have become ========.

Start in your mind with an ‘empty canvass’ – then sketch, in broad outline, the forms of the men, women and children- ESPECIALLY the children – beautiful alive happy little children.

Dip into the unconscious inkwell of your own disowned darkness, and with a WIDE brush – stain these strangers with the sinister hue of the shadow. Now you are getting it!

Trace onto the faces of ‘the enemy’, the greed, hatred, and cruelty – you dare NOT claim as your own. Strip them of all dignity and humanity – ease your collective consciences in knowing that they are nothing more than “rag-heads” or camel jockeys” or “sand- niggers” as they are so cruelly termed by our brave field commanders.

Obscure the sweet individuality of each and every face – ESPECIALLY the children! Then erase all hints of the myriad loves, hopes, and fears that play through the kaleidoscope of every finite little heart.

Twist the smile on every face – ESPECIALLY the children – until it forms the downward arc of cruelty. Strip the flesh from bones until only the abstract skeleton of death remains. In your sick perverse mind – It matters not however you accomplish this – as long as they are reduced to soulless sub-humans – inferior to our precious Western children.

Exaggerate each feature until a man is metamorphisized into a beast – or vermin – or insect. Fill in the background with malignant figures from ancient nightmares – devils, demons, and other specters of evil. Envision ALL of them regardless of innocence and age as ‘terrorists’ that must be exterminated like roaches as the Israelis prefer to call them.

When your icon of the enemy is complete, you will be able to KILL without GUILT – and SLAUGHTER without shame or conscience. The thing you destroy will have become merely ‘an enemy of God’ – an impediment to the sacred dialectic of history!

Now – that wasn’t so hard was it?

Ugly American

Envision this morbid panorama over and over until you Zio-bot Bapt-duhs are comfortable with it and rendered whatever conscience remains as childish and impotent. Then – in your mind-you will have made the truth into lies – evil into righteousness – horror into duty and feel at ease with having sold your soul to the devil. It worked in Afghanistan – it worked in Iraq – and even worked here in Waco – AND will work in every relatively defenseless country we allow the Jews to decide must be destroyed.

It works every time – but ONLY with a dull witted ignorant criminally irresponsible racist hateful people – the type we see worshipping material riches in their oxymoronic prosperity based Christian-Zionist Synagogues Of Satan complete with false prophets galore!. But of course we were SPECIFICALLY warned about this. Scholars of Scripture know the book, verse and lines by heart.

Death will become a merciful escape for most of the poor peoples of the next country we decide to destroy for the greater glory of IsraHELL . If we can find no more enemies to torment – be assured that Israel will identify them for us until their last enemy is murdered.

THEN there will be only one last enemy – the Christians. The Jews murdered some 20,000,000 Christians in Russia and then worldwide the Jew created Marxist genocide topped two hundred million! WACO was just a ‘test’. The forced removal of the Laws of God from Chief Justice Moore’s courthouse was just another ‘small’ test.

THREE HUNDRED MILLION PEOPLE – most of whom profess to be ‘Christians’ – and essentially – NOBODY offered to protect the children from being burned alive or the sacred tablets from being stolen. We will witness more and bolder actions against our own people and our most sacred traditions in the very near future. Not to worry – even if we run out of people around the world to destroy for our amusement – we will be provided with lots of “religious cults” to incinerate as “threats to society” and children to kill “for their own protection” right here at home. There is today – no place on earth that TRUE Christianity is more persecuted than right here in what USED to be America OR – where Christians will do less to defend their own faith.

And for those who begin to question these grizzly murders, there will always be and lots of ‘gladiators’, NFL tailgate parties and ‘chariot races’ and other perversions in our ‘Coliseums’ around the country, to keep our minds off of those ‘unpleasant’ issues like defending our Christian faith or our Christian based Constitution, or even defending our OWN neighbors! We can ALWAYS buy God’s favor with catchy bumper sticker slogans like – ‘Proud To Be An American’ – or ‘ Have A Nice Day’ – or ‘My God’s More Awesome Than Your God’ Our new-age preachers tell us that we can sin all we like as long as we are sorry and we ‘believe’.

Oh and I almost forgot the important part. Our MOST prominent and wealthy preachers ( Hinn – Parsley – Graham – Hagee et al) also tell us that it is God’s Will to kill these children ( as long as we send in plenty of ‘love gifts’= READ: $dollars$).

May God forgive you for your cruelty to the most helpless and innocent of God’s creations and your arrogance and ignorance – because I DAMN sure won’t!

My name is Joe Cortina. I was a 60s Green Beret commander and a representative for IBM as well as a scientist for Honeywell Aerospace in Florida. I later became President of my own manufacturing company. I have two sons and 2 granddaughters who are the reason for my dedication to expose the threats to the freedoms I hope to see them enjoy as I did many decades ago when America was still a Christian-based sovereign nation free of Zionist influence.

Book Of John Chapter 8 – as Christ damns the Jews ( and NOT JUST THE HIGH PRIESTS AND Pharisees – see notes below)

” Ye do the deeds of your father (the devil). If God were your father. ye would love me; for I proceed forth and came from God: neither came I of myself, but He sent me.”

” Ye are of your father the devil and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie – he speaketh of his own; ( the Jews) for he is a liar, and the father of it”

“That this SATANIC FATHERHOOD cannot be limited to the Pharisees is MADE CLEAR in 1 John 3;8-10″

Matthew 23:15″ Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You travel over land and sea to win a single convert, and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much a son of hell as you are.

Posted in USAComments Off on THE UGLY AMERICAN & FRANTIC RACE OVER THE ABYSS

VICTIMS OF OUR VISIONS: ASA WINSTANLEY ON THE KIBBUTZIM

NOVANEWS

The idea of the kibbutzim was beguiling to many socialist Jews looking at different ways of living in the world: agricultural communes, the seeds of the new society germinating in the interstices of the old, and all that saccharine stuff. The anarchist publisher AK Press recently put out a book by James Horrox entitled, A Living Revolution: Anarchism in the Kibbutz Movement. It was very positively reviewed by Keith Kahn-Harris in the Forward (not a shock). Curious to see what exactly Horrox had to say, I had been thinking of reading it. Asa Winstanley has convinced me that it may not be worth it. In a review essay originally published in the New Left Project, Winstanley dissects the Utopian visions of the founders of the kibbutzim by sharply reminding us that they were nearly uniformly racist institutions, unprincipled and opportunistic in their purportedly socialist commitments, and far too frequently built on illegitimately bought or stolen land.For a book focusing on anarchism in the kibbutz movement, it’s important to keep in mind that anarchism is above all “an ethical discourse about revolutionary practice,” as David Graeber puts it. Anarchist institution-building tied to racist land-grabbing cannot be anarchist or socialist. As Moshe Machover recently wrote, “Israeli socialists, whether Hebrew or Arab, fight against the Zionist project and its practices: colonisation, dispossession, discrimination; and for equal rights and universal liberation.” Odd of AK Press, given its amazing track record, to have published the book at all, I think.

In his seminal book Expulsion of the Palestinians, Palestinian scholar Nur Masalha writes of Israel Zangwill’s infamous slogan “a land without a people for a people without a land” that it was not intended as a literal demographic assessment: “[Zionists] did not mean that there were no people in Palestine, but that there were no people worth considering within the framework of the notions of European supremacy that then held sway” [1].

James Horrox’s book on anarchism in the kibbutz movement marginalises the Palestinian people in a similar way – they do not really exist in his narrative of how the Israeli collective settlements were established and then functioned. He is writing about Palestine, a country whose population was around 90% Arab (Christian and Muslim) when the first kibbutz was established in 1910, as if its primary importance was as a plaything for European experiments in group living [2].

The book is a strange attempt to blend Zionist mythology with anarchism. In the forward, Israeli anarchist Uri Gordon questions “the validity of applying anti-colonial hindsight to people that any progressive would otherwise consider economic migrants or refugees” (p. iv).

Gordon is, in part, referring to the Jewish refugees who fled the Russian Empire because of antisemitic pogroms in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Horrox similarly claims that “Palestine was rapidly becoming the destination of choice for Jewish refugees” with the rise of the Zionist Organisation (later renamed the World Zionist Organisation) and the pogroms of 1903-1906 (p. 14). In reality it was a relatively small minority of ideological Zionists who chose to go to Palestine. As Mike Marqusee points out in his extraordinary memoir, 1.7 million of the 2 million Russian Jewish refugees between 1881 and 1921 in fact left for the USA [3]. Estimates suggest that from the mid-1850s to 1914, the number of Jews who fled Czarist Russia was about 2.5 million of whom about 50,000 (2%) emigrated to Palestine [4].

Connections

Although very few in the kibbutz movement ever explicitly called themselves anarchists, there does seem to have been a certain degree of anarchist influence on some kibbutz thinkers in the early period. Horrox examines even the most tenuous connections between the kibbutz movement and anarchist thinkers, but neglects to address a far more pertinent question: if a key aim of leftist anarchism is a society free of oppression and exploitation, how, in fact, did the kibbutz founders treat the indigenous Arabs of Palestine?

In this respect, Horrox displays scant regard for basic historical fact. He correctly starts his narrative during the period in which Palestine was ruled by the Ottoman Empire, but ignores the impact Zionist colonisation projects such as the kibbutzim had on the Palestinian Arabs. He makes reference to the claims of groups such Hashomer Hatzair to be in favour of “Arab-Jewish cooperation” but doesn’t assess how these claims played out in reality.

Horrox entirely neglects the contemporary context. Rashid Khalidi points out that the Ottoman Land Code of 1858 had began to slowly concentrate state land in the hands of a few private owners [5]. The Palestinian fellahin (peasant farmers) often worked such state land, holding it on a communal basis for generations. The new law meant that canny businessmen began to register large tracts of land as their personal property. Some of the Arab merchant class, such as the Sursuq family of Beirut, did land deals with the newly established Zionist agencies. The fellahin who actually worked the land in question had no say.

Khalidi notes that the first wave of colonists (1882-1903 – often called the First Aliyah) were “pragmatic and relatively un-ideological”. After disputes between the fellahin and their new Jewish landowners, the settlers often ended up leasing the land back to its occupants or “came to treat the fellahin little differently than had their former Arab landlords. They disappropriated the fellahin, but in most cases they did not fully dispossess them, as they integrated them into plantation-style colonies” [6]. The First Aliyah represented a traditional colonial enterprise that sought to exploit, not expel.

The more staunchly Zionist settlers of the second wave (or Second Aliyah) had different ideas. Their ideology was “Hebrew labour,” and had what Khalidi describes as “a more aggressive, forceful attitude to the Arabs” [7]. Horrox seems unperturbed at the future kibbutzniks’ horror to find Arab workers on the land: “even more distressing to the newcomers was the fact that the First Aliyah Jews had resorted to hiring Arab workers” (p. 14).Horrox makes allowance for this racist attitude by claiming the colonists did not want to be “a class of bourgeois Jewish landowners exploiting the indigenous Arab population” (p. 15). But this is a faux-socialist rationalisation.

In reality, the new Zionist landowners, those Horrox argues were anarchist-influenced, often had to rely on the violence of the Ottoman state or their own militias to evict Palestinians from land they wanted for themselves. Khalidi describes how this happened:

“The process would begin with the purchase of land, generally from an absentee landlord, followed by the imposition of a new order on the existing Arab cultivators – sometimes involving their transformation into tenant-farmers or agricultural laborers, and sometimes their expulsion – and finally the settlement of new Jewish immigrants… most of the land purchased… was fertile and therefore inhabited, and fellahin with long-standing traditional rights of tenure frequently stood in the way… The fellahin naturally considered the land to be theirs, and they would often discover that they had ceased to be the legal owners… only when the land was sold by an absentee landlord to a Zionist settlement agency” [8].

Horrox notes that the first kibbutz was Degania. A group of Russian Zionists had become disgusted by the way Rishon Le Zion “and other farms like it were run ‘with their Jewish overseers, Arab peasant labourers, and Bedouin guards’.” In October 1909, while working a different farm, a strike broke out because “Jewish workers decided they could no longer put up with the oppressive, arbitrary administration and the use of hired Arab labour” (pp. 16-17, emphasis mine). From this, a small group broke away to found Degania in 1910 “on a piece of land on the banks of the Jordan River called Umm Juni” (p. 18)

In one footnote Horrox admits that “[a] sizeable part of this land, including the plot at Umm Juni, was bought from absentee landlords – in Degania’s case the Sursuk family of Beirut… settlers paid often outlandish sums in compensation to tenant farmers” (p. 141, note 38). This offer of compensation for the fait accompli of eviction misses the point, as Khalidi explains:

“Sometimes, the fellahin accepted compensation from Jewish settlement bodies, presumably feeling themselves unable to stand up to the new owners of the land… But at other times, they resisted their dispossession, on occasion with violence. In such cases, it was necessary for the purchasers to depend on the power of the state, whether the Ottoman, or, later on, the British Mandatory authorities, to enable them to take control” [9].

The Zionist Movement

Horrox claims that Degania’s “emergence was not down to any premeditated social or economic planning on the part of the Zionist Organisation” (p. 16). In fact, the real force behind Degania was Arthur Ruppin, a key Zionist movement official responsible for land acquisition. Here Horrox contradicts himself: he admits Ruppin funded Degania, but still argues that the settlers themselves were the prime agents of change behind the new settlement. His argument in favour of the primacy of ideology rather than immediate pragmatism is unconvincing, especially as he is forced to narrate the key role played by the Zionist Organisation. In reality, the early communal settlements were established because they were the cheapest and most efficient way of settling the land.

As the representative of Theodore Herzl’s Zionist Organisation, Ruppin established the Palestine Office in 1908. The forerunner of the Jewish Agency, the office was “the central agency for Zionist settlement activities in Palestine” [10]. He was also a racist who had deeply internalised the antisemitism of his native German society: “I hate the wild thorns of Judaism,” a 17-year-old Ruppin wrote in his diary, “more than the worst anti-Semite” [11]. In 1942, not long before he died, Ruppin wrote that “the shape of the nose” can give us an indication of racial affinity, and he sketched a series of Jewish “types”. He attached to each type names of Zionist leaders including Herzl and Menachem Ussishkin [12].

Horrox claims that Degania represented “a permanent social system in which the group assumed complete responsibility for the farm and developed it according to its own principles” and that “private property was non-existent” (p. 18). But Bloom gives a rather different picture. He notes that the workers actually had to sign a contract with the Palestine Office (PO):

“‘We, the undersigned workers, are obliged to work for the PLDC [Palestine Land Development Company] and to follow the instruction of its clerks’… The contract noted explicitly that the inventory was the property of the PO” [13].

Ruppin was under no illusions about Palestine being empty. He would write in 1938: “I do not believe in the transfer of an individual. I believe in the transfer of entire villages”. As Israeli historian Tom Segev aptly summarises: “’[d]isappearing’ the Arabs lay at the heart of the Zionist dream” [14].

Horrox accepts the official kibbutz narrative in relation to the Palestinians uncritically. While he describes early kibbutz ideologues as “pacifistic and anti-militarist” (p. 27, see also p. 29), the reality of the kibbutzim’s establishment was very different. In fact the kibbutzim led directly to the establishment of the first Zionist militias.

A settlement plan that Horrox argues was influenced by the famous Russian anarchist Peter Kropotkin was “treated positively by Zionist leaders and actualised to a certain degree in the short-lived Merhavia cooperative” (p. 32). But Horrox ignores, or does not know, the reality of Merhavia’s establishment.

As recounted by Khalidi, Ruppin’s Jewish National Fund (JNF) made a deal with Beirut landlord Elias Sursuq [15]. Against the will of the Palestinian farmers who had worked the same land for generations, he bought the land of al-Fula out from underneath them. Shukri al-‘Asali, the Arab governor of Nazareth region, heard that thirty armed members of the Zionist militia Ha-shomer had been sent to occupy al-Fula on the instructions of the JNF. He responded by dispatching “a large body of troops” to drive them away. This was to prove only a temporary respite, as his Turkish superior overruled his insubordination and expelled the fellahin, allowing the establishment of Merhavia on the lands of al-Fula in January 1911.

Horrox’s delusions sometimes reach farcical levels. At one point he describes Ha-shomer as a “Zionist scouting organisation” (p. 44 – he later describes them as a “defence organisation”). In fact Ha-shomer was one of the first Zionist militia groups to be established in Palestine (in 1909) [16].

A different group, Hashomer Hatzair, Horrox notes were “at the forefront of the process of kibbutz-building” during this period (p. 44). They established a federation that would form “the ideological backbone of the kibbutz movement” from 1927 onwards, by which time there were a number of kibbutzim in existence (p. 44).

Writing of the period after the Nakba (the 1948 ethnic cleansing of half the Palestinian Arabs from Palestine), Ilan Pappe says of Hashomer Hatzair that it “officially carried the slogan of bi-national coexistence… It was the most leftist, but at the same time proved to be the greediest, of the three major kibbutz movements in the young state of Israel” and that it was the “main beneficiary” of a “campaign of land and village confiscations” from Palestinians in the newly declared Israel between 1949 and 1954 [17].

Yosef Baratz, who Horrox references several times and correctly describes as a pioneer of the kibbutz movement, said at the Twentieth Zionist Congress in 1937:

“Didn’t we transfer Arabs from D’ganya, Keneret, Merhavya, and Mishmar Haemek? I do remember the nights on which Shmuel Dayan [the father of Moshe Dayan] and I were called to Merhavya to help ‘Hashomer’… carrying out [Arab] evacuation. What was the sin in that?… Members of Hashomer Hatza’ir are saying: by the establishment of a Hebrew state [a partition proposal] we are creating a barrier between us and the Arabs. Isn’t such a barrier already existing and permanent in the country? Aren’t we building exclusive train stations, an exclusive post service, exclusive government office, an exclusive sea port, exclusive roads, and an exclusive economy as far as possible?” [18]”

Masalha notes that as a founder member of Degania (which he transliterates as D’ganya) Baratz had witnessed such “transfer” first hand. His remarks were addressed to the Hashomer Hatzair delegates, who had argued against plans to uproot the Arabs, but only because they were “dangerous” and “anti-socialist”.

On page 82, Horrox says correctly that the kibbutzim have “always been connected to the country’s trade union movement, the Histadrut”. But he neglects to inform us that this racist union federation barred Arabs from its membership until 1959 [19].

Horrox writes on page 87 that the Palestinian Arab and Zionist “economies were largely integrated” before the Arab Revolt of 1936-1939. The Zionists, however, had done all they could to discourage Arab-Jewish contact and mixed labour. David Hacohen, the director of the Histadrut’s construction company, later recalled arguing in favour of racial segregation during his student years in London, not long after the First World War:

“When I joined the socialist students – English, Irish, Jewish, Chinese, Indian, African… I had to fight my friends on the issue of Jewish socialism, to defend the fact that I would not accept Arabs into my trade union, the Histadrut; to defend preaching to housewives that they not buy at Arab stores; to defend the fact that we stood guard at orchards to prevent Arab workers from getting jobs there… To pour kerosene on Arab tomatoes; to attack Jewish housewives in the markets and smash the Arab eggs they had bought; to praise to the skies to Keren Kayemet [Jewish National Fund] that sent [Zionist Organisation agent Yehoshua] Hankin to Beirut to buy land from absentee effendis [landowners] and to throw the fellahin off the land… to do all that was not easy.” [20]

Horrox is critical of the kibbutz movement, but only in narrow terms that have nothing to do with its crimes against the native population. His critique relates to differences between factions of Zionism, and how the “dream” was “betrayed” by leaders such as David Ben-Gurion who favoured a Jewish state over “an organic commonwealth” (pp. 88-90). In reality it is clear that, as Yosef Baratz pointed out at the Twentieth Zionist Congress, the Palestinians were either excluded or “transferred” from this “commonwealth”.

Narrowness

Horrox refers to the “different types of power networks that have complicated” the kibbutzim’s existence (p. 9). His argument seems to be that they were essentially well-intended, but lost their way because of a drift towards Marxism, and betrayal by the Zionist leadership. To Horrox, it seems, the crimes of Zionism are only worth mentioning when they caused discomfort to the settlers’ experiments in collective rural life – what Segev describes as “a hyperintense adolescent fantasy come true” [21]. His approach divorces the kibbutzim from their colonial context, and focuses on form over substance.

Any attempt at understanding the kibbutzim’s impact on the native Palestinian population is either ignored, or dismissed as passing “judgement on the efforts of the past in light of the injustices of the present” (Gordon in the foreword – p. iv). It is as if the Zionist movement and the kibbutzim were all sweetness and light up until a few years ago. This narrative of a well-intended experiment that ultimately went wrong should be recognizable to anyone familiar with the standard apologetics for British or American imperialism.

Segev argues that the most important contribution of the kibbutz movement to Zionism was “military, not economic or social. They were guardians of Zionist land, and their patterns of settlement would to a great extend determine the country’s borders” [22]. And it is indeed true that the kibbutzim were the vanguard of Israel’s militarism and aggression.

As Horrox admits, “the country’s fiercest fighters were drawn from the kibbutzim, including the… core military leadership” and Moshe Dayan, later one of Israel’s most infamous generals, was one of the first people to be born on Degania (p. 116). Artzi, the kibbutz federation founded by Hashomer Hatzair, nurtured the Palmach – the elite units of the Haganah militia – which were often based in kibbutzim [23]. The Palmach carried out some of the main ethnic cleansing operations against the Palestinians in 1948 [24].

image

The main cause of the book’s problems is the narrowness of its source material. Horrox’s footnotes demonstrate an almost exclusive reliance on Zionist historians (along with some anarchist literature), and no Palestinian or other Arab historians or sources whatsoever. He seems to rely mostly on kibbutz historians such as Avarham Yassour and Yacov Oved, essentially accepting the kibbutz movement’s internal narrative as given. For example, his account of the foundation of Degania is largely culled from Baratz’s memoir.

Another factor seems to have been tension between the book’s author and publisher AK Press (a small anarchist press). While reading this book, I mentioned on Twitter what I thought of it. James Horrox must have seen this, as he emailed me out of the blue to say he had “disowned that book as soon as it was released” and wondered if I would give it a worse review than he could. And indeed, the book does not appear on his website (accessed 21st September).

I questioned him a little more and he said the reasons behind his attempt to “strike it from the record” were partly that his opinions had since changed (he’d written the original version as his undergraduate dissertation) and partly because AK had “distorted [the book] beyond all recognition from what I’d set out to write” (Correspondence with the author, 17th of August).

This claim sits uncomfortably with the glowing praise he heaps on his editor in the book’s acknowledgements. He later clarified that:

‘my main criticism is that the book was turned into a history, whereas it was originally intended simply as a study of the internal workings of the kibbutz’ (Correspondence with author, 27th of August).

In other words, he had originally wanted the book to be even more isolated from history than it is now. I contacted AK Press for their side of the story. A spokesperson told me the following:

‘AK always checks changes, revisions, additions, and anything else with our authors… James’s book was definitely no exception; he was involved in the editorial process right up to the last moment… that relationship isn’t going to work out every time, and this is, apparently, just one of those times. It’s definitely a shame that James is so unhappy with the book, I’m very sorry to hear that, because we really do wish him nothing but the best.’ (Correspondence with AK Press US publishing department, 27-28 August)

Another Anarchism is Possible

There is a different anarchist narrative, as the 1938 debate between Emma Goldman and Reginald Reynolds on the pages of the long-running anarchist newspaper Freedom shows. Goldman astonishingly offered a defence of the settlers, claiming in all seriousness that “the land should belong to those who till the soil” – a principle she ignored for the Palestinian fellahin kicked off that same land. Freedom also published an article titled “Anarchist Tactic for Palestine”, Albert Meltzer’s March 1939 denunciation of Zionism (recently republished in Freedom): “The struggle must be against imperialism first, Zionism second, and lastly against the bourgeois nationalist government when created” [25].

There are also the Anarchists Against the Wall (AATW), the small network of committed Israeli activists deeply involved in solidarity demonstrations all over occupied Palestine. Disgracefully for anyone who has spent any time working in solidarity actions in the West Bank, Horrox actually criticises AATW for “focusing on the Occupation and Palestinian solidarity actions” (p. 120) and also for being so highly critical of the kibbutzim’s militarism.

The general tenor of the book is summed up in Horrox’s introduction. There, he quotes English anarchist Colin Ward, to argue that we need to understand the kibbutzim “without reference to the functions they have performed in the last decades in the service of Israeli nationalism and imperialism” (p. 8). Mike Marqusee describes such attitudes as the left’s “failure to imagine the people on the receiving end of your dreams. It’s a failure rooted in Western and white supremacy” [26].

The quotes from anarchists in support of the kibbutzim that Horrox gathers seem to demonstrate that such colonial blindness on even the radical left has not gone away. Some Western anarchists, it seems, are just as susceptible to colonial logic as those who claimed, in the words of 1930s Labour Party leader Herbert Morrison, that “[t]he Jews have proved to be first class colonizers, to have the real good old Empire qualities” [27].

This of course relates to the wider question of European social democracy’s active participation in imperialism, as it founded its welfare states based on the oppression of the Third World. The book is a wasted opportunity, and its publication is a regressive step at a time when many in the Western left are reassessing their historical alignment with Israel.

State or no state, left-wing or right-wing: it makes little difference to those on “the receiving end of your dreams”. The logic of colonialism was, and still is, apartheid and ethnic cleansing.

Many thanks to Tony Greenstein for his important contribution to this essay.

Asa Winstanley is an independent journalist based in London who has lived in and reported from occupied Palestine. His website is www.winstanleys.org.

References

[1] Nur Masalha, Expulsion of the Palestinians: The Concept of “Transfer” in Zionist Political Thought: 1882-1948, Institute for Palestine Studies, 1992, p. 6

[2] Rashid Khalidi, Palestinian Identity: The Construction of Modern National Consciousness, Columbia University Press, 1997, p. 96

[3] Mike Marqusee, If I am Not For Myself: Journey of an Anti-Zionist Jew, Verso, 2010, p. 9

[4] History, Encyclopaedia Judaica, 1971, vol. 8, col. 729-730

[5] Khalidi, pp. 94-96

[6] Khalidi, p. 100

[7] Khalidi, p. 100

[8] Khalidi, pp. 98-99

[9] Khalidi, p.102, emphasis mine

[10] Etan Bloom, ‘Arthur Ruppin and the Production of the Modern Hebrew Culture’, Ph.D. Dissertation, Tel Aviv: Porter School of Cultural Studies, 2009; p. 1, note 1

[11] Bloom, p. 42

[12] Bloom, p. 126

[13] Bloom, p. 241

[14] Tom Segev, One Palestine Complete: Jews and Arabs Under the British Mandate, Abacus, 2001, p. 405

[15] Khalidi, pp. 107-109

[16] Khalidi, pp. 105-106. He also cites General Yigal Allon to the effect that Ha-shomer were the nucleus of the Haganah, itself the forerunner of the Israeli military

[17] Ilan Pappe, A History of Modern Palestine, Cambridge University Press, second edition 2006, p. 146

[18] Masalha, p. 75

[19] Martin Gilbert, The Arab-Israeli Conflict: Its History in Maps, third edition 1979, p. 57; Tony Greenstein, “Histadrut: Israel’s racist ‘trade union’”, The Electronic Intifada, 10 March 2009.

[20] David Hirst, The Gun and the Olive Branch: The Roots of Violence in the Middle East, Nation Books, third edition 2003, p. 185; see also Greenstein, “Histadrut”.

[21] Segev, p. 250

[22] Segev, p. 249

[23] Lawrence Joffe, “100 years of Kibbutzim”, Jewish Quarterly, 23 July 2010

[24] Ilan Pappe, The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine, Oneworld, 2006, p. 45

[25] This article and the controversy between Reynolds and Goldman are collected in British Imperialism and the Palestine Crisis: Selections from the Anarchist Journal Freedom, 1938-1948, Freedom Press, 1989.

[26] Marqusee, p. 210

[27] Marqusee, p. 127

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