Archive | August 4th, 2012

Tightening the Noose on Iran


ruskpp / Shutterstock

New sanctions on the Islamic Republic stack the deck for war.


Over the past two weeks there has been something like a competition between Republicans and Democrats to see who can do more for Israel by hyping Iran as a threat. Mitt Romney fired the first shot while speaking at the Veterans of Foreign Wars convention in Reno, accusing the president of “undermining” Israel and citing the Islamic Republic as the world’s greatest threat. Barack Obama fired back with a public signing of the United States-Israel Enhanced Security Cooperation Act, coupled with a leaked report that his national security adviser, Thomas Donilon, had briefed Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on the details of U.S. plans to attack Iran.

Romney then traveled to Israel, where he declared Jerusalem to be its capital, dissed the Palestinians without mentioning them by name, and gave a green light for an Israeli attack on Iran, while pledging to stop Iran from acquiring the capability to engineer a nuclear weapon — something it already has. And he promised to take steps soon, before Tehran can harden its nuclear sites.

Obama’s countermove was to send Defense Secretary Leon Panetta to Israel just after Romney departed to reassure the Israelis that the White House is serious about using force against Iran.

Moving on to phase two, Republicans and Democrats together are tightening the screws on Iran. On July 25, the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations hosted a session on “Iran’s support for terrorism in the Middle East” that featured leading neoconservatives Danielle Pletka of the American Enterprise Institute, Daniel Byman of the Brookings Institution’s Saban Center, and Matthew Levitt of the AIPAC-spawned Washington Institute for Near East Policy (WINEP). Six days later, President Obama issued an executive order blocking transactions from several Iranian banks and blacklisting other foreign banks that facilitate the purchase of Iranian oil, while the State Department issued its annual Country Reports on Terrorism for 2011. Announcing the release of the report, Ambassador Daniel Benjamin, State’s Coordinator for Counterterrorism, opinedthat “Iran is and remains the preeminent terrorism sponsor in the world.” On Wednesday there was a vote in the House of Representatives on the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012, House Resolution 1095. It had 364 co-sponsors and passed by a vote of 421 to 6.  It will now go to the Senate where it could well pass unanimously.

It should surprise no one that the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) has been operating to increase pressure on Iran. There has been a series of letters and fact sheets advising Congress on the issue since the first draft of HR 1095 surfaced last year. It is generally believed that the bill was actually written by AIPAC. The following letter was sent to every congressman on Tuesday, on the eve of the vote on the Iran Threat Reduction Act. It was sent out on AIPAC letterhead and was signed by Executive Director Howard Kohr and two other AIPAC officers:

July 31, 2012

Vote Yes – The Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act (H.R.1905)

Dear Representative,

We write in strong support of H.R. 1905, The Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012. The legislation, authored by Representatives Ileana Ros-Lehtinen and Howard Berman, will be considered by the House on Wednesday. We strongly urge you to vote YES.

In an effort to dissuade Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapons capability, the House overwhelmingly passed in December the Iran Threat Reduction Act which tightened sanctions on Iran. The version that has now emerged from House-Senate negotiations includes the strongest set of sanctions ever enacted to isolate any country with which we were not in armed hostilities. H.R. 1905 incorporates legislative initiatives of many members from both the House and Senate and will: place virtually all of Iran’s energy, financial, and transportation sectors under U.S. sanction. Companies conducting business with Iran in these sectors face losing access to U.S. markets; impose sanctions designed to prevent Iran from repatriating any proceeds from its oil sales, thus depriving Iran of 80 percent of its hard currency earnings and half of the funds to support its national budget; impose tough new sanctions on the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC), the National Iranian Tanker Company (NITC) and Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC); target Iran’s use of barter transactions to bypass sanctions, the provision of insurance to Iran’s energy sector, and the provision of specialized financial messaging services to the Central Bank of Iran;   click here to learn more about the legislation and how it will raise the pressure on Iran.

In the past six months, the United States and our international partners have substantially increased the economic pressure on Iran and engaged in several rounds of talks with Tehran. Unfortunately, Iran has rebuffed the opportunity for serious negotiations while stepping up the pace of its nuclear program.

America and our allies must unite in a tough response to Iran’s belligerent approach. We must continue to send a strong message to Tehran that it will face unremitting pressure until it complies with its international obligations and end its nuclear weapons quest.

We strongly support The Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act (H.R. 1905) and urge you to vote YES on Wednesday.

The letter demonstrates how AIPAC operates, and it makes several points to support its contention that Iran is a major threat, arguments that are either flat-out wrong or greatly exaggerated. Not surprisingly, these arguments have been picked up in the media and by members of Congress and have been repeated nearly verbatim as if they were fact.

The letter boasts of “the strongest set of sanctions ever enacted to isolate any country with which we were not in armed hostilities placing  virtually all of Iran’s energy, financial, and transportation sectors under U.S. sanction.” Why? “Because Iran has rebuffed the opportunity for serious negotiations” and it has not complied “with its international obligations and end its nuclear weapons quest.” After the vote, Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, who had co-sponsored the bill, echoed those sentiments, stating that the legislation “seeks to tighten the chokehold on the regime beyond anything that has been done before.”

The 144-page Iran Threat Reduction Act enhances existing sanctions in a number of areas while also establishing new legal authority to go after anyone who provides equipment or technology or facilitates oil sales. The act’s critics claim it does not go far enough, with Mark Dubowitz of the neocon Foundation for the Defense of Democracies calling for “comprehensive economic warfare. Everything must be prohibited unless it is permitted.” Danielle Pletka of the American Enterprise Institute puts it another way: “This is time for the mallet, not fine needle surgery … our purpose is to bring them to the table to give up their nuclear ambitions.”  Even J Street, which claims to support Israel while seeking peace in the Middle East, commended the bill.

Lest there be any confusion, the new bill — coming on top of previous legislation and executive orders, not to mention the covert Stuxnet and Flame computer viruses — sets the stage for war against Iran, a country that has not attacked the United States nor threatened to do so unless it is attacked first. Supporters of the bill and many commentators on it copy the language used by AIPAC, citing Iran’s purported quest for a nuclear weapon as their fundamental argument for the sanctions regime and possible military intervention. If this seems reminiscent of the lead up to war against Iraq in 2003, it should.

There is no evidence that Iran has a nuclear-weapons program. It is a signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, its nuclear sites are regularly inspected by the United Nations’ International Atomic Energy Agency, none of its low-level enriched uranium has been diverted, it has a legal right to enrich uranium for use in power plants, and its political leadership has declared that it is not seeking a weapon. The CIA and Israel’s Mossad agree that Iran has no program to produce a nuke.

Regarding the negotiations between Iran and the U.S. over its nuclear energy program, there is certainly enough mud to stick to everyone involved, but Iran has several times proposed compromise solutions whereby its uranium could be shifted out of the country for enrichment to a low level sufficient for its power-generating reactors. These approaches have been rebuffed by the United States, and it is difficult to believe that Washington is seriously seeking a diplomatic solution. Former intelligence officer and Iran specialist Hillary Mann Leverett notes that the United States has hardly spoken to Iranian negotiators since 2008.

Finally, there is the terrorism issue. There is considerable disagreement over whether Iran has been behind recent terrorist attacks on Israeli targets, most particularly as themodus operandi fits al-Qaeda much better. The annual State Department terrorism report struggles to make a case for Iranian support of terrorism but has to resort to citing last year’s plot to kill the Saudi Ambassador in Washington, an alleged conspiracy that has been thoroughly debunked.

The drive to demonize Iran might well be considered little more than Washington theater of the absurd in an election year, but it is deadly serious. War with Iran might unleash forces best left undisturbed, and the consequences for U.S. forces in the Middle East could be grave. And then there is the frail global economy, which hardly needs an oil shock.

But the beat goes on about the threat posed by Iran, orchestrated by groups like AIPAC and repeated verbatim by politicians and the mainstream media. Evidently the half-truths and out-and-out lies have convinced a lot of people that Iran is rightfully the enemy. A recent poll reveals that fully 80 percent of Americans believe that Iran’s nuclear program threatens the United States, while two thirds of the public thinks sanctions will be ineffective. Most Americans believe incorrectly that Iran already has a nuclear weapon.

To go to war a second time in ten years over nothing would be shameful, but it is clear that no one in Washington who matters is resisting the stampede.

Philip Giraldi, a former CIA officer, is executive director of the Council for the National Interest.

  1. #2 by SazzyLilSmartAzza

    This entire campaign is being run on which puppet can do the most for Israel and the hell with the American people.

Posted in IranComments Off on Tightening the Noose on Iran

LA Times: Experts Say There’s No Imminent Threat of a Nuclear Iran


The US and Israel are not concerned with some imaginary weapons program, but rather with regime change

Contrary to hyperbolic rhetoric and threats of preemptive attack from the US and Israel, experts still agree there is no imminent prospect of a nuclear-armed Iran,reports the Los Angeles Times.

As has been known for several years but only rarely acknowledged in the mainstream press, US intelligence has concluded that Iran does not have a nuclear weapons program and has so far demonstrated no intention of starting one. Recent visits to by Obama administration officials and the Romney campaign have renewed Israeli claims that ‘the window is closing’ on blocking an Iranian nuclear weapon.

“This is a window that has been closing for 15 years now, and it’s always imminently about to close,” Jamal Abdi, policy director for the National Iranian American Council told the Los Angeles Times.

“I don’t see any particular breakthroughs in the Iranian program,” says Gaukhar Mukhatzhanova, a nonproliferation scholar at the Monterey Institute of International Studies. “It’s been on a pretty steady course,” and “there is technically no urgency to” prepare for an attack on Iran.

“According to the U.S. intelligence community, the Iranian leadership hasn’t even made the decision to weaponize their program,” said Alireza Nader, senior policy analyst on Iran for Rand Corp. “They’ve been creating the technical know-how and the infrastructure, but they haven’t made that decision, and there is much more time than the Israelis portray there to be.”

While most of the coverage of the debate on Iran fails to emphasize the complete lack of a weapons program or of any real security threat to the US, some reports have covered this. In February the New York Times ran a front page story entitled “U.S. Agencies See No Move by Iran to Build a Bomb.” It reported: “Recent assessments by American spy agencies are broadly consistent with a 2007 intelligence finding that concluded that Iran had abandoned its nuclear weapons program years earlier. The officials said that assessment was largely reaffirmed in a 2010 National Intelligence Estimate, and that it remains the consensus view of America’s 16 intelligence agencies.”

Again in March, they reported “top administration officials have said that Iran still has not decided to pursue a weapon, reflecting the intelligence community’s secret analysis.” Another in the Los Angeles Times was similarly headlined, “U.S. does not believe Iran is trying to build nuclear bomb.”

The pundits and politicians engage in systematic threat inflation on Iran. Their primary aim is to undermine the regime; they’re not concerned about some imaginary nuclear weapons program.

Alon Ben-Meir, a professor of international relations at New York University’s Center for Global Affairs, says Israeli bluster is not all talk, necessarily. ”I don’t think Israel is bluffing entirely. There is an element of exaggerating its readiness to act and likelihood of winning. But many advisors to Prime Minister Netanyahu are saying that if he waits six or eight months, they may end up unable to do anything significant in terms of damage” to nuclear facilities that Iran has been moving underground to protect them from airstrikes,  he said.

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Russia, Iran reject foreign intervention in Syrian crisis



Russia and Iran confirmed Friday their principal position that theSyrian crisis must be settled with no foreign intervention.

During a meeting between Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Mikhail Bogdanov and his visiting Iranian counterpart Hossein Amir- Abdollahian, both sides also urged the end to violence in the crisis-torn Syria, according to the Russian Foreign Ministry.

“The two sides highlighted the necessity to stop bloodshed and violence in that country, whatever it originates from, with no delay to settle the intra-Syria problems by the Syrians themselves with no outside involvement,” the ministry said in a statement.

The two diplomats also urged “consolidated international efforts” for a peaceful settlement to the 17-month Syrian crisis based on UN-Arab League joint special envoy Kofi Annan’s peace plan and the Geneva agreements that envisage a Syrian-led transition, the ministry said.

The meeting was initiated by the Iranian diplomat, who said Iran “condemns foreign intervention” in the Syrian crisis.

“We believe the situation in Syria cannot be settled by military means. The settlement must be political,” Amir- Abdollahian said.

He also regretted that “some countries” attempted to undermine Annan’s six-point peace plan.

Annan’s widely accepted plan calls for the withdrawal of heavy weapons and troops from populated areas, a daily halt of fighting for the delivery of humanitarian aid and treatment of the injured, and talks between the government and opposition.

Annan, who assumed his current post about five months ago, said in Geneva on Thursday that he was disappointed over the lack of progress in the Syrian peace process and that he would step down after his current mandate expires on Aug. 31.

Russia on Friday expressed “deep regret” at Annan’s resignation and urged that a successor be found quickly.

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Zio-Nazi Detains Gaza Patients


Human rights groups say many face obstacles and harassment when they need treatment

Zio-Nazi illegal Occupation persist in continuing their racist policy of extorting Gaza patients who have no other option but going through the Nazi regime in order to leave the illegally besieged strip and receive medical treatment in the hospitals of the West Bank.

According to many human rights organisations in Gaza strip, many of the patients who leave Gaza through the Nazi gates face obstacles, harassments and are sometimes detained by Nazi Gistapo security.

One of the latest patients detained by the Nazi Gistapo was, Wael Al Tawel, 40 years old.

His wife, Om Kamil Al Tawel, said: “I don’t know why my husband was arrested. He is a sick man whose only desire is to receive his medical treatment and return back to Gaza.”

The reason why these patients leave the West Bank is because the medical situation in the hospitals of Gaza strip have been facing a lot of obstacles by the Nazi regime such as the lack of the needed medication, facilities and equipment, forcing many of the Palestinians to receive their treatments in the West Bank hospitals.

Despite the humanitarian needs that these patients are supposed to urgently receive, Nazi  illegal occupation delay it and this might in many cases lead to worsening the patient’s case.

Mrs Al Taweel, added: “Ever since we received a call from the Israeli side informing us that he was arrested, I’ve been so worried about my husband’s health. I don’t know whether he is in a good condition or not.”

Many of Gazans cannot afford medication abroad since it may cost a fortune for them and the medical insurance doesn’t cover the treatments outside the Palestinian territories.

Ahmed Al Ashi, the public relation officer in Gaza health ministry said: “We try to provide all the services in Gaza strip to the patients to prevent them from going to the West Bank and face the harassment from the Israeli soldiers and authorities, but there are some cases we cannot deal with because of the lack of equipment’s or medication.”

Mr Al Ashi added: “Not only is the Israeli occupation preventing medicines and medical consumables from entering into Gaza but have increased its abusive and unethical practices by extorting the patients transferred abroad who use the Beit Hanoun crossing.”

Despite all that, all the patients who leave Gaza strip to the West Bank hospitals must have a security permit the Zionist side detain the Palestinian patients on Biet Hanoun crossing and this is considered illegal according to the international law.

Mr Khalil Abu Shamala, the head of Al Dameer for Human rights said: Mr AL Tawel received a permit permission from the Israeli side to receive medical treatment in AL Maqasid charity hospital in Jerusalem. Why would they give this man the permission in the first place if they felt like he was a threat?

According to the Al Damer around 15 patients have been abused or detained in the year 2012 by the Zio-Nazi Occupation while leaving through the Beiht Hanon crossing.

Mr Abu Shamala added: “What the Israeli authorities do to the weak patients isn’t only against the international law but is also inhumane.”

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The West and the Glorification of Terrorism



By Thierry Meyssan

The U.N. Security Council met shortly after the July 18 attack that decapitated the command of the Syrian security forces. The two sessions that followed addressed the Resolution proposals submitted by the Western powers and Russia. It was incumbent upon the Council to condemn terrorist action on principle, as it does in all similar circumstances. The practice is to unanimously adopt a declaration and have it read by the sitting president of the Council, in this case the Columbian, Nestor Osorio. Protocol dictates that he present his condolences to the member state under attack.

However, the Council remained silent. The Western members refused to apply to the attack in Syria one of the most basic principles of international relations: the condemnation of terrorism. Even worse, in their respective declarations German, British, American and French leaders instead condemned the victims, making them responsible for the violence they had been the targets of and reaffirming support for the forces that perpetrated the attack. Immediately, the Western media set about defiling the memory of the victims as if their deaths were still insufficient to quench their thirst for Syrian blood.

No one doubts that terrorism in Syria is being sponsored by NATO and the GCC but until now it was being carried out behind a veil of hypocrisy. Unable to bombard and raze the country because of the Russian and Chinese double veto, the Western powers and their Arab partners decided to bleed the country while setting it up for an attack by mercenaries. Then on February 12 came the call to jihad issued by Ayman al-Zawahiri. Suddenly, NATO, the GCC and al-Qaeda found themselves pursuing the same objective. Notwithstanding, Brussels took the view that the Egyptian sheik’s declarations were his alone and were therefore unworthy of comment as if to underline that NATO doesn’t revise its positions in response to such fatwas. This rationale remained unconvincing because it ignored the issue of the common objectives shared by the self-proclaimed advocates of democracy, on the one hand, and Islamism, on the other. It did allow appearances to be preserved. The masks are now off. The Western powers have acknowledged their links with terrorists.

The turning point occurred during the 3rd Conference of the “Friends” of the Syrian people in Paris on July 6. President Francois Hollande accorded a place of honor to individuals who had previously been paid in secret while taking care to deny knowing them. He elevated war criminals to the rank of heroes without eliciting the least discomfort among his foreign partners.

Without waiting for al-Qaeda to be invited to yet another conference of the “Friends” of the Syrian people, Sergei Lavrov expressed surprise at this behavior: “This signifies that [the West] will continue to support this kind of terrorist attack until the Security Council fulfills its obligations. It is a terrifying position.” He continued, “We do not know how we are to interpret this.”

Beyond the moral questions, what does this doctrinal turnaround signify in that for over a decade the Western powers have touted themselves as the champions of the “war on terrorism” while today they openly proclaim their support for terrorists?

Many authors, among them U.S. strategists such as Zbignew Brzezinski, have emphasized that the notion of a “war on terrorism” is an absurd concept. One can conduct a war on terrorists but not against their strategy. Be that as it may, the slogan has had the double advantage of placing certain states on the side of Good while justifying a “war without end” against all others.

Terrorism is a method of asymmetrical combat that is always resorted to by default. It permits the weakening of the adversary but it is insufficient to achieve military victory and always leads to political defeat. Those who use it must forgo indefinitely the prospect of actually exercising power. Thus, terrorism is an immoral method that is only used from a position of weakness, not for gaining advantage but for gaining time, until conditions are met to engage in conventional warfare.

Everyone understands that the Syrian crisis is not or is no longer an internal confrontation but is the result of a global readjustment of power relations. Washington is attempting to remodel of the Greater Middle East and to change the regional military equation. Moscow challenges that authority and is attempting to usher in a new international order based on international law and on multilateralism. Syria is the line of demarcation between these new blocs.

Hence Sergei Lavrov’s perplexity: Are the Western powers in the process of acknowledging both their immorality and their impotence? What lies hidden behind their behavior? Could it be that their decadence is even more advanced than anyone has dared to conceive?

Geophysics teaches us that plate tectonics provoke earthquakes. Geopolitics functions in the same manner. The public relations experts of the so-called Free Syrian Army erred in evoking this image. Two blocs do confront each other in Syria but it’s the Western plate that is starting to slip and disappear beneath the Asiatic one and not the other way around.

Sergei Lavrov considers Washington to be terminally ill. Aware that “empires do not die in their beds,” he is attempting to calm the “American empire” to prevent paroxysms of madness while gently accompanying the patient to his final resting place. He is observing the patient with care. Is the West’s current apologia for terrorism the onset of a crisis of dementia or the sign of irreversible anemia?

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Repentant Qabbani: Armed Terrorists Shoot Demonstrators to Accuse Syrian Army


Mohamad Salim Qabbani, a former collaborator with Mass Media means of lies and fabrications against Syria, narrated last night to Syrian Satellite TV Channel his personal involvement in fabricating news about the ongoing in Syria.

Qabbani disclosed the presence of scores of specialized so-called news rooms to invent, edit and fabricate news items and stories to be aired by scores of media outlets like B.B.C., al-Jazeera, France 24, al-Arabyia and others.

Qabbani pointed out that he made calls to and contacts with scores of media outlets to tell them different invented stories about the city of Homs when he was in Lebanon in Irsal town.

Qabbani added that armed terrorist used to shoot at the demonstrators in different regions as to accuse the Syrian Army and Security of doing so.

“The demonstrators felt bored if they weren’t to provoke security forces; so the demonstrators used to hurl Molotov or stones at the security forces which could not but defend themselves,” said Qabbani.

He spoke about ways and means of taken photos montage and editing in collaboration with scores of professional photographers hired by different media outlets.

Qabbani disclosed some information about the secret life of some figures who worked on the shedding of Syrian blood at the orders of foreign sides and countries, asserting that they were drug-addicted and hired killers.

Qabbani, who said that he was threatened by the armed terrorist groups to collaborate with them, underscored that he had no alternative out of fear for his family and life from the terrorists but to collaborate with them in filming and fabricating lies and out-of-place and of–time hypothetical stories and events.

“All of the satellite channels which contacted me for live reports about events in and from Homs did know that I wasn’t talking to them from Homs but from Lebanon,” disclosed Qabbani.

Qabbani also told the interviewer about the real identity and behavior of scores of some persons involved in fabricating and inventing events and stories like Khalid Abu Salah, who once appeared on TV grasping a killed child accusing the army of killing it, while this child was killed in an explosion of explosive devices under preparation by the armed groups.

Qabbani added that the much talked about al-Khaldiyeh massacre was caused too by an explosion of the then under-preparation explosive devices by the terrorists in a building in the city of Homs.

Media outlets of lies and fabrications used this explosion as a pretext to accuse the Syrian Army of killing civilians and to steer public opinion against countries which support the truth in Syria.

”I surrendered myself to the Syrian authorities because all what we have done is wrong. I didn’t want the Syrian blood to be shed. Weapons bring destruction and killing and I don’t want to destroy Syria which should never be destroyed,” added Qabbani.

Qabbani urged every person who can benefit the authorities with a piece of information to surrender himself and everyone who carries weapons to surrender himself and weapons and would be released as it was the case with him.

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United Nations :Bias of the Error and Ignore the Right Enshrined


Posted by: Sammi Ibrahem

 Under political pressure, financial and media from the countries now known, became the General Assembly of the United Nations to promote a culture of cover for terrorism for the world and undermine the stability and security in it... The fact that he had warned against Syria’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Bashar Jaafari in his speech to the General Assembly and during a session devoted to a vote on a draft resolution Saudi say the least, as al-Jaafari said that the project hysterical misleading and violates the principles of international legitimacy in bulk, directed asked to sponsor about Saudi repression carried out by his country in the Qatif and Awamiya and actions in Bahrain, and to provide Annan regretting his resignation, and a reminder that the Israeli state terrorism is the one who spread the culture of terrorism in the world …

For its part, Russia was considered to put the draft resolution on Syria to vote in the General Assembly at the time that the consideration of the Security Council issue contrasts with the UN Charter, while China saw that the exercise of pressure on one side only will not help in resolving the crisis in Syria .. .

“The decision by the General Assembly has no practical meaning large, which is another step to exert political pressure on Damascus propaganda and one-sided character is written as if absolute and armed opposition does not exist at all.”

“What happened will come out of the crisis from the path of political settlement and cause chaos escalated further and let the crisis will expand to include other countries in the region and thus a threat to regional peace and stability.”

Something had Harkihm by both Venezuela and Cuba, Brazil and other countries where voted in 12 countries against the draft resolution non-binding on Syria and declined to 31 countries in the vote on the project presented by Saudi Arabia, which aims to outside interference in the affairs of Syria’s interior and to impose further sanctions on the Syrian people

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فشل في مهمته الدبلوماسية في عدة دول بينها العراق والصومال كوفي أنان يتخلى عن مهمة سوريا لتفادي لعنة التاريخ

Posted by: Siba Bizri

Shoah Arabic Editor In Chief

أقر كوفي أنان بفشل محاولاته لإحلال السلام في سوريا وألقى -ربما من باب حرصه على حماية إرثه من وصمة إبادة جماعية جديدة- باللائمة في الفشل على القوى الكبيرة التي تزعم أنها تؤيده.
كانت سوريا هي أفضل فرصة أمام أنان (74 عاما) لمحو آثار فشل الدبلوماسية في رواندا والبوسنة ودارفور والصومال والعراق وهو الفشل المرجح أن يطغى على إنجازاته من جهود وساطة هادئة ومساع للقضاء على الفقر والايدز، مما جعله أهلا للفوز بجائزة نوبل للسلام عام.

بدا صوت أنان متأثرا عند إعلان تخليه عن مهمة السلام في سوريا وألقى الأمين العام السابق للأمم المتحدة باللائمة على مجلس الأمنالدولي الذي تتمتع فيه الولايات المتحدة وروسيا والصين وفرنسا وبريطانيا بحق النقض (الفيتو).

وقال أنان «عليكم أن تدركوا أنه لا يمكنني بصفتي مبعوثا أن أريد السلام أكثر مما يريده أصحاب القضية أنفسهم وأكثر مما يريده مجلس الأمن أو المجتمع الدولي لأن هذا مهم».
وأضاف «في الوقت الذي نحتاج فيه -ويحتاج فيه الشعب السوري بشدة- للعمل يستمر تبادل الاتهامات واللعنات في مجلس الأمن».
تولى أنان مهمة الوساطة في فبراير شباط وكان يرى محاولة حل الأزمة «واجبا مقدسا» لكنه قال إنه يدرك أنه ربما جيء به قبل الأوان أو بعده.
وتداعت جهود أنان للسلام بالفعل بعد فشل وقف لإطلاق النار أعلن في 12 ابريل لكن الدول الأعضاء في مجلس الأمن الدولي ظلت تقول إن خطته للسلام هي السبيل الوحيد للمضي قدما مما جعله يبدو كورقة توت تخفي عزوفا عن التحرك.

وقال أنان «على الرغم من أن كثيرين يطلقون عليها اسم خطة أنان فإنها خطة مجلس الامن. أقرت بموجب قرار لمجلس الأمن.. يجب التذكير بهذا وأعتقد أن أعضاء المجلس يجب أيضا أن يتذكروا هذا».
واجتمع انان مع «مجموعة عمل» بشأن سوريا في جنيف يوم 30 يونيو وأشاد بالاتفاق الذي توصلت إليه باعتباره انفراجة.. لكن الاتفاق لم يكن له تأثير لأن نصه خلا من أي ذكر للفصل السابع الذي يجيز استخدام العقوبات في حالة سوريا.
نشأ أنان في مناخ منقسم عرقيا في مسقط رأسه غانا لكن كانت للحوار قيمة وكان الصراع الشامل نادرا. وكانت هناك فترة من التفاؤلوالثقة في غانا بعد استقلال البلاد عن بريطانيا.

لمع اسم انان كوسيط بعد نجاحه في وقف صراع متنام في كينيا في عام 2007 عندما أدى نزاع على نتائج انتخابات رئاسية إلى مذابح عرقية قتل فيها أكثر من 1200 شخص. وأجلس أنان المتنافسين في غرفة وقال لهما «هناك كينيا واحدة فقط». وأقنع أنان أحدهما بقبول منصب رئيس الوزراء في حكومة مشتركة وانتهى العنف. لكن سجل أنان قبل ذلك لم يحظ بنفس القدر من النجاح. كان أنان رئيسا لقوات حفظ السلام التابعة للامم المتحدة في عام 1994 عندما أقر بأنه كان ينبغي أن يفعل المزيد للحيلولة دون مذابح قتل فيها 800 ألف منأبناء عرق التوتسي ومن المعتدلين من عرق الهوتو في رواندا.

وكان مثار اللوم الأكبر هو عدم تحرك أنان بعد أن وصلته رسالة من الجنرال روميو دالير قائد قوات حفظ السلام التابعة للأمم المتحدة تحدث فيها عن مخابئ سلاح يبنيها متعصبون من الهوتو استعدادا لقتل جماعي.
وبعد سنوات قال أنان «ظننت في ذلك الوقت أنني أفعل الأفضل… لكنني أدركت بعد الابادة الجماعية أنه كان هناك ما يمكن بل وينبغي أن أفعله لدق جرس الانذار وحشد الدعم». وفي كتاب لاذع تناول فشل العالم في منع ما حدث في رواندا لم يذكر دالير أنان إلا بالثناء وتحدثعن «إنسانيته وتفانيه من أجل محن الآخرين».

وعند انتهاء عمله في الامم المتحدة في عام 2006 اعتبر أنان أن من بين إنجازاته ترسيخ مفهوم المسؤولية عن حماية المدنيين عندما يتقاعس أو يعجز الحكام عن فعل ذلك. كون كوارث دبلوماسية شابت فترة تولي أنان للأمانة العامة للأمم المتحدة. قال أنان إن من أسوأ لحظات حياته عجزه عن وقف إراقة الدماء في إقليم دارفور بالسودان وبرنامج النفط مقابل الغذاء والحرب بالعراق التي بح صوته بعدهالشهور.

وتكشفت فضيحة النفط مقابل الغذاء في أوائل عام 2004 عندما تبين أن الرئيس العراقي الراحل صدام حسين تمكن من مراوغة البرنامج الذي بلغت قيمته 64 مليار دولار وكان يهدف لتخفيف معاناة العراقيين العاديين بسبب العقوبات الأمريكية التي فرضت بعدما غزت القواتالعراقية الكويت.

وعلى الرغم من اتهام عدد قليل من مسؤولي الأمم المتحدة بالتربح من ذلك البرنامج ألقي باللائمة على المنظمة الدولية بسبب تراخي الإدارة وعدم التنبه إلى أساليب صدام. ورغم تبرئة ساحة أنان من أي تجاوز تبين أن ابنه كوجو استغل صلات في الأمم المتحدة لتحقيق مزايا شخصية. وحدث بعد ذلك ما هو أسوأ.. فقد تعرض مقر الأمم المتحدة في بغداد للقصف يوم 19 أغسطس عام 2003 وقتل 22شخصا بعدما قرر أنان تحت إلحاح من الولايات المتحدة إعادة موظفين كبار بالأمم المتحدة إلى العراق.

وكان انان أمينا عاما للمنظمة الدولية أيضا وقت وقوع مذبحة سربرنيتشا في البوسنة عام 1995 حين فشلت قوات حفظ السلام الدولية مجددا في الحيلولة دون وقوع أعمال القتل. وكان هناك أيضا إخفاق في الصومال سبق إخفاق رواندا.

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الفياض: برلمانيون يطالبون بمحاكمة من زوروا تواقيعهم ورئيس الجمهورية يشكل لجنة رئاسية للتحقيق

Posted by Siba Bizri

Shoah Arabic Editor in Chief 

بغداد وكالات

كشف النائب عن ائتلاف دولة القانون علي الفياض عن: نية بعض النواب رفع دعاوى ضد من زوروا تواقيعهم في طلب سحب الثقة عن رئيس الوزراء نوري المالكي. وقال الفياض في تصريح صحفي امس الاحد إن: بعض النواب الذين نسب اليهم توقيعهم على طلب سحب الثقة عن المالكي يطالبون باقامة دعاوى قضائية على من ادعواعدم توقيعهم واعتبروه مزورا كونهم لم يوقعوا على أي وثيقة بهذا الصدد. وأضاف إن: النواب عدوا خطوة تزوير تواقيعهم بأنها مؤامرة على مستقبل العراق السياسي ومحاولة للنيل من حكومة المالكي
بصور غير مشروعة لن تخدم عملية سحب الثقة أو حل المشاكل العالقة في البلاد. وتطالب بعض الأطراف المشاركة في العمل السياسي في العراق بسحب الثقة عن رئيس الوزراء نوري المالكي و أقامت في وقت سابق لأجل ذلك اجتماعات مكثفة دون التوصل الى نتيجة تذكر. وأشار الفياض: على

جميع الأطراف الابتعاد عن مثل هذه الأساليب التي لا تنفع في شيء والتوجه الى الاساليب القانونية المتمثلة في الحوار البناء والمجدي وتحقيق مطالبهم بالتوافق مع الشركاء الآخرين في جلسة مصارحة سياسية يمكنها أن تضع حدا لهذه المساجلات التي يعد استمرارها كارثة حقيقية تعيد العراق الى المربع الأول. من جانب اخر: كشفت مصادر كردية مطلعة عن تشكيل لجنة برئاسة مستشار رئيس الجمهورية جلالطالباني لتدقيق عريضة التواقيع التي قدمت له من رئيس اقليم كردستان بعد انتهاء أعمال اجتماع دوكان … 

ونقلت صحيفة الوطن الكويتية بحسب مصادر كردية مطلع: أن مهمة هذه اللجنة كما جاءت في كتاب التكليف تدقيق التواقيع من خلال الاتصال المباشر بالنواب لمعرفة موقفهم الصريح من التصويت داخل قاعة البرلمان على قرار سحب الثقة من رئيس الوزراء نوري المالكي من عدمه. وكان ائتلاف دولة القانون الذي يتزعمه رئيس الوزراء نوري المالكي قد كشف عن وجود اكثر من 40 نائبا تم تزوير تواقيعهم وهم رافضين لسحب الثقة من الحكومة،داعيا الى تشكيل لجنة تقصي حقائق لمعرفة من يقف وراء ذلك ومحاسبة المقصرين.

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كلينتون تحث كينيا على إجراء انتخابات حرة ونزيهة

P0sted By: Siba Bizri

Shoah Arabic Editor in Chife 

وزيرة الخارجية الأمريكية هيلارى كلينتون

نيروبي – رويترز

حثت وزيرة الخارجية الأمريكية هيلارى كلينتون كينيا اليوم السبت على إجراء انتخابات حرة ونزيهة وأن تكون نموذجا يحتذى فى أفريقيا مؤكدة على ضرورة تجنب اراقة الدماء التى حدثت خلال الاقتراع الماضى قبل خمسة أعوام، وستكون الانتخابات العامة المقبلة فى مارس 2013 اول اقتراع يجرى منذ انتخابات عام 2007 المتنازع على نتائجها والتى أطلقت شرارة مذابح عرقية حركتها دوافع سياسية وقتل فيها اكثر من 1200 شخص.

والتقت كلينتون بالرئيس مواى كيباكى الذى يمنعه القانون من الترشح لفترة ثالثة وبرئيس الوزراء رايلا اودينجا الذى يتقدم فى استطلاعات الرأى فى السباق الرئاسي.

وكان الزعيمان المتنافسين الرئيسيين فى انتخابات 2007 المتنازع عليها عندما اتهم اودينجا الذى كان آنذاك زعيم للمعارضة كيباكى بالتلاعب بنتيجة التصويت.وحدثت مواجهات بين العصابات بالمدى والهراوات وفتحت قوات الأمن النار فى الشوارع إلى أن توسط الوسيط كوفى عنان فى اتفاق لاقتسام السلطة بين كيباكى واودينجا الأمر الذى انهى العنف وجعل اودينجا رئيسا للوزراء.

وقالت كلينتون للصحفيين فى نيروبى “الولايات المتحدة تعهدت بمساعدة حكومة كينيا على ضمان ان تكون الانتخابات المقبلة حرة ونزبهة وشفافة.”وأضافت “ندعو البلاد الى التجمع معا والإعداد للانتخابات التى ستكون نموذجا حقيقيا للعالم اجمع .”

وجاءت تصريحات كلينتون بعد لقائها برئيس المحكمة العليا ويلى موتونجا وهو محاضر سابق بكلية الحقوق وله سجل من الضغط من اجل الاصلاح القضائي.وبدأت كلينتون جولة افريقية تشمل سبع دول فى السنغال يوم الأربعاء.وحثت أفريقيا على إعادة الالتزام بالديمقراطية معلنة ان “الطرق القديمة للحكم” لم تعد تعمل فى قارة تشهد نموا اقتصاديا قويا وتمكين المواطنين على نحو متزايد.

ومن المقرر ايضا ان تلتقى بالرئيس الصومالى شيخ شريف احمد وقادة صوماليين اخرين فى نيروبى قبل السفر الى مالاوى وجنوب أفريقيا.وقال بيان صادر عن الرئاسة الكينية إن كلينتون “تقدر الدور الرئيسي” الذى تقوم به كينيا من أجل ارساء الاستقرار فى الصومال ومنطقة القرن الإفريقى وتعهدت بأن تدعم حكومتها مثل هذه المبادرات.

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