Archive | August 12th, 2013





Satanic Fatwa Revealed: Scholars of Duma allows seizing properties of Christians, Alawites and Druz

A Fatwa has been issued by 34 scholars of “Duma Scholars” in which they allow the people of Duma and Damascus countryside to loot properties of Christians, Alawites and Druz and other minorities; they also called for boycotting the people of Damascus because – according to the scholars – they let the “rebels” down and left them behind.

Breaking News Network obtained a copy of the Fatwa stating that all properties seized in Duma and Damascus countryside will be utilized in “buying weaponry and helping the poor, orphans and widows,” the Fatwa says:
Our people in Duma and Damascus countryside…following the doctrines of the Holy Quran and the Prophet, we declare the following:

– All what is left of the properties of Christians, Alawites and Druz to be confiscated besides any party who do not follow the doctrines of the Prophet; a portion of the gains will be dedicated for buying weapons and another to be dedicated for the poor, orphans, widows, the martyrs’ families.

– All Damascene people, of our home men, to be boycotted because they let us down and did not support us that fear and cowardice took them aback.

– We urge all our people to hold fast to our Islamic traditions like taking care of mosques and observing prayers in them.


Is a free Kurdistan, and a new Israeli ally, upon us?

[ed notes;i edited and ommitted parts of article wich arent relevant and useless to issue..only what i cite is relevant ,in order to understand whats at work,and really developing….
Turkey, home to the world’s largest Kurdish population and skittish about any moves that could re-ignite unrest in the country, streamed more troops to its border with Syria after the PYD statement, announcing that it had “a parliamentary mandate to intervene in the Syrian territories if there is a serious risk.”
While Turkey, Iraq, and other countries balk at indications of increased Kurdish self-rule, an independent Kurdish state in the Middle East would be a gift for Israel, many Kurdish and Israeli experts believe. Kurdish journalist Ayub Nuri wrote in July: 

Kurds are deeply sympathetic to Israel and an independent Kurdistan will be beneficial to Israel. It will create a balance of power. Right now, Israel is one country against many. But with an independent Kurdish state, first of all Israel will have a genuine friend in the region for the first time, and second, Kurdistan will be like a buffer zone in the face of the Turkey, Iran and Iraq.

According to Kurdistan expert Ofra Bengio of Tel Aviv University, independence is not on the Syrian Kurds’ agenda any time in the near future. She said:

The PYD is not talking about independence now and will be reluctant to use such terminology in order not to antagonize any of the governments or the international community. Autonomy is the safer goal now. Things may change according to changes on the ground.

But Syria might be so far gone that the Kurds will never agree to rule from Damascus, even under a federal system. Ayub Nuri, the pro-Israel Kurdish journalist cited earlier, said:

The idea of independence is also likely, because I don’t see the PYD having friendly relations with the future government in Damascus that is run by the current opposition fighters.(ed note: i do,especially because erdogan running the rebels and barzani are closely tied) I think the Syrian Kurds as a people have independence as their ultimate goal, but at this point it is not up to them to decide.

Even if the PYD isn’t planning for imminent independence, its growing autonomy and its influence on the Kurdistan Regional Government’s calculations in Iraq could be an important development. The autonomous Kurdistan Region in Iraq borders Kurdish areas in Syria and the two populations’ connections run deep. Iraq’s Kurds and their leaders are deeply sympathetic to the Syrian Kurds, and have been eager to help their brethren across the border avoid the political mistakes they made, some of which resulted in a bloody Kurdish civil war in Iraq almost twenty years ago. While Syria crumbles, the KRG in Erbil continues to help Syrian Kurdish doctors and teachers find employment in the Kurdistan Region. Kurdish students from Syria are allowed to enroll in universities in the KR, despite the fact that Assad refused to grant them passports. Tens of thousands of Syrian Kurds have fled to the Iraqi Kurdish city of Duhok since the civil war started. KRG Pres Barzani has also served as a mediator between rival Syrian Kurdish factions, the PYD and the Kurdish National Council, closely allied with Barzani’s party in Iraq. Syrian fighters have been training in Iraqi Kurdistan with Barzani’s blessing. Still, the relationship is complex.

The PYD is very closely affiliated with and often seen as an extension of the PKK.[ed notes:not complex at all sorry,lets break it down and simplify it!!!israhell trained pkk fighters and has close ties with barzani,barzani has close ties to erdogans regime,and iraqui kurdistan a hotbed of mossad activity under his watch,is talking about defending ypg,whos in turf war with turkish backed foreign mercenary groups in the syria kurdish region held by ypg.Now,ypg and Iraqui kurdish militants as noted above fougth each other in wars in past decades ago,but since then have cemented relationships,and now barzani whos close to turkey(whos backing rebels,but cose to barzani(zionist) and israhell want to help ypg ,syrias kurds in conflict with rebels.What this tells us is both erdogan and barzani have a shared interest in brokering quick peace talks between these so all can get back to a united effort to attack their shared enemy ,the Syrian govt!!!
It constitutes the rival to Barzani’s KDP for leadership of Kurds across the region. The two sides battled each other during the Kurdish civil war in the 1990s. Earlier this year, the PYD arrested 75 members of Syria’s branch of the KDP, and Barzani responded by closing the border between the Iraqi and Syrian Kurdish regions. Recently, the PKK has been supporting parties in the Kurdistan Region that are critical of Barzani’s grip on power.Kurdistan expert Ofra Bengio of Tel Aviv University, also cited earlier, explained:

The relationship is one of interdependence. The Syrian Kurds need the KRG as a mediator and as strategic depth and the KRG needs the Syrian Kurds for its goal of turning itself into the national center for all Kurds as well as for gaining a closer outlet to the sea.

The US want to keep the political map of the region as it is.
On this issue, Israeli interests run counter to the current US position.(ed notes;thats impossible since us policy in region is dictated by zionist control of us gov and its geopolitical goals,directives and implementations)Ties between Israel and the Kurds run deep. A Mossad officer named Sagi Chori was sent to help his close friend, the late Mustafa Barzani, manage the Kurds’ battles against the Iraqi army in the 1960s. The partnership has been well-documented in Kurdish and Israeli media. And reports of Israel training Kurdish commandos continue to surface. Nationalist Kurds tend to see Israel as a role model for an independent Kurdistan, a small nation surrounded by enemies and bolstered by a strategic partnership with the US. Israel has long developed alliances with non-Arab countries on the periphery of the Middle East. Today, that policy rests on partnerships with Cyprus, Greece, Bulgaria, and Caucasian and central Asian countries. Kurdistan fits perfectly into that framework. The new Kurdish country will likely open full diplomatic relations with Israel. Saadi said:

The Kurds are the only nation in the region that has not been filled with hatred toward USrael. The way Kurds see the world is different from Arabs. Generally, Islamists are more powerful in the Arab world, they think that Islamic Sharia is the solution. However, the majority of Kurds believe in a European style of government. [[[The problem is they don’t know how to get there.]]]] They don’t have experience.

With few friends in the region, the Kurds will likely look to Israel to help them gain security and closer relations with the US. As Arab governments in the Middle East totter and fall, and Islamists look to exploit the chaos, the alliance is one that both countries may find beneficial to pursue.

[ed notes;how do they get there?turkey(allied to zionist ran us,and tied to israhell thru long relationship,and trade),wich is backing rebels against Assad,is close now to barzani whos of course israhelli puppet,and now openly stating he will come to defend ypg against Assads mercenaries in Syrias kurdish regions.As article notes,many ypg kurds who in past had beef with iraquis kurdish factions,started afterwards to rebuiding the relationship,so its only logical to hypothesize,that the turkish govt and barzani who have shared interests in toppling Assad due to their zionist influences and mutual friends(zionist ran us),that these should mediate a ceasefire between ypg and rebels disputing for control of syrias kurdish rebel helf territories,in order that these may unite to overthrow Assad govt,and acomplish this but having barzani saying the opposite,that he would come to defend syrias kurds from his ally erdogans rebels!there is also reason to suspect,that erdogans so called war with kurds in Turkey isnt staged by both sides leadership,in order to secure justification for war budgets(at least in erdogans case),see, erdogan and ocalan reapproachment or secret ties?  

[ed notes: this initial top post comes after i posted this few hours ago btw… 
Iraqi Kurdistan(trained by israhellis) Ready to Defend Syrian Kurds against Cia-Duh?

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FLASHBACK- A MUST SEE!!! Scott Ritter exposes the truth about, USA, IsraHell, Hezbollah and Iran


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Ankara and Baku Want to Cement their Close Military Ties

Ankara and Baku want to cement their close military ties even further:

MP: Azerbaijan, Turkey start creating single army
[[[Azerbaijan and Turkey have begun forming a unified army]]]], member of the Azerbaijani parliamentary committee on security and defense, MP Zahid Oruj told Trend today. [[[There are opportunities to improve the army and to use NATO standards]]]]].After Azerbaijan’s power increases, its influence will also increase in the region.

So Azerbaijan starts its transition from a proxy of NATO to a full member and [[[[will continue to play a central role in the global drug trade]]]]] as well as in the support of terrorism from Russia’s North Caucasus [[[to Syria.]]]]

[ed note:Turkey wich is one of worlds top legal exporters of opium for ”supposedly”medicinal use mostly to west and europe,see,  is probably looking towards Syria in futurefor its  clandestine illegal importation and distribution of the opium trade outside its legal constraints in higher volumes,considering the potential lucrative opportunities these would present.keep n mind in past oliver north ran these networks in beeka valley,Lebanon (sunni side) ,and having Syrian regime toppled,offers an expansion and distribution possibility wich oliver north never acomplished…keep in mind in any war such as Syria ,people in hopelessness turn to drugs to escape reality,this is true even in muslim countries,though not in as high numbers as western hemisphere,but it certainly presents scrupulous duplicitous ,islamist(fake muslims)parties to take advantage of such opportunities..also i should mention oliver norths best friend lt general paul e vallely is directing Syrias rebels from Turkey,wich is what leads me to believe this is also the objective,though not onbly one,for turkey(they also have energy interests,zionist western interest to accomodate by toppling Syrian govt)

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Colombia police accused of covering up murder of congressman’s cousin

Police in western Colombia were accused on Friday of covering up the murder of the cousin of one of the country’s most prominent opposition congressmen. The accusation was made by House Representative Ivan Cepeda, who was incredulous at Cali police allegations that they killed his cousin, political activist and teacher Francisco Ocampo after he resisted a search.He called upon police “to answer the mysterious circumstances surrounding the death of my cousin.” 
Iván Cepeda Castro         @IvanCepedaCast 

1. Asesinado en Cali mi primo Francisco Javier Ocampo Cepeda. Policía tendrá que responder por extrañas circunstancias en que fue asesinado.

The incident reportedly took place at 3:40 in the early hours of Sunday morning. Police sources claim that Ocampo opened fire on a police patrol with a 9mm gun after refusing to submit to a search, killing a police officer. [[[[While police sources claim that the deceased was carrying pamphlets from paramilitary group Los Rastrojos, according to local media prosecutors are instead saying the papers were from the Urabeños, the country’s largest drug traffickers.]]]]] [[[[[Congressman Cepeda has taken to social networking site twitter to denounce the killing of his cousing, calling for clarification into his death.]]]]]] [[[[He stated that not only was his cousin a leftist but a peace activist, making it utterly incomprehensible as to why he would possibly be carrying leaflets for paramilitary group Los Rastrojos.]]]] 
Iván Cepeda Castro        ✔ @IvanCepedaCast 

2. Policía dice que a mi primo Francisco Javier le encontraron un maletín con panfletos de ‘Rastrojos’. Él fue hombre de izquierda y de paz.

Mr Cepeda also said that his family had frequently been “the victims of paramilitary persecution” over the years. This further highlights the unlikelyness of his deceased cousin carrying anything that would connect him to paramilitary organisations. 
Iván Cepeda Castro        ✔ @IvanCepedaCast 

5. Mi primo Francisco Javier proviene de familia atacada por paramilitares. Inconcebible tesis de la Policía de que pertenecía a esos grupos

As a recognised professor of reconcilliation issues, students and teachers in Cali have similarly taken to social networking sites to express their dismay. One tweeter informed Ivan Cepeda that a “huge march” had taken place in the city as a demonstration requesting further investigations into the death of his cousin.

Diana Valencia @Valtuit 

Asesinaron a un primo de Iván Cepeda. Policía dice que tenía presuntos nexos con Los Rastrojos.

Ayer marcha multitudinaria en Cali por muerte de tu primo, estudiantes y profesores @IvanCepedaCast  @Valtuit

Family, friends, colleagues and students have rejected police claims, saying that when the incident took place the professor was not carrying anything that could conceal a gun or hold pamphlets. According to El Tiempo, the Arch Bishop of Cali has called for “complete clarity in connection to the deaths.”

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Mask of Zion Report with special guest Ken O’Keefe

Mask of Zion Report with special guest Ken O’Keefe

by crescentandcross

Activist and hero Kenneth O’Keefe joins Jonathan Azaziah for a blistering and inspiring discussion on Syria, Egypt, the Palestinian cause and why there is a lot to be optimistic about despite the darkness inflicted on the world by International Zionism. A MUST-LISTEN PROGRAM!


Download Here


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UK teachers visit IsraHell on Holocaust Education training trip

Participants attended lectures conducted by leading Holocaust academics in ten-day teacher training program at Yad Vashem.ed note–you can be rest assured they will not be given any tours of the various refugee camps in Gaza, the West Bank, or wherever, nor will they visit with grieving families who on a daily basis have their loved ones gunned down, blown up or incinerated in Israel’s insane bloodlust to bring about as much Gentile suffering as possible.

A delegation of 23 teachers from across the United Kingdom took part in the Holocaust Educational Trust’s 10-day teacher training program at Yad Vashem last week.

The program, which began on August 2 and ended on Sunday, was designed to “offer teachers the opportunity to enhance their understanding of the history of the Holocaust in order to develop their skills to effectively deliver Holocaust education in their classrooms.”

As part of their visit, participants attended lectures conducted by leading Holocaust academics, including Prof. Yehuda Bauer, scholars from the International School of Holocaust Studies and Dr. Efraim Zuroff from the Simon Wiesenthal Center in Jerusalem.

Lectures focused on topics such as theological responses to the Holocaust, the “Final Solution” and everyday life in the Warsaw Ghetto, among others.

In addition, participants attended a number of workshops aimed at “helping them improve their delivery of Holocaust education in the classroom,” including a session on using film and survivor testimony.

They also visited some of Israel’s historic sites, such as Masada and the Dead Sea.

Pete Morgan, a teacher at Beverley Grammar School, a secondary academy school in Beverley, East Riding of Yorkshire, said that participating in the program and visiting “the world’s leading Holocaust education center [Yad VaShem]” is “a unique opportunity.”

“I am honored to be able to hear from so many expert speakers and academics in the field of Holocaust education,” Morgan said, “and I am looking forward to returning to my classroom with the tools and experience to educate my students about this challenging subject.”

“I wanted to see how Israel remembers the Holocaust,” he told The Jerusalem Post. “I am fascinated by the history of this country, and now I’ll be able to go back and talk about things with more depth and with an experience of my own.”

He added that although he has “issues with the way the Israeli state operated many times,” being in the country “showed [him] better than any book how rich and diverse it is.”

Morgan, who teaches pupils between the ages of 11 and 18 years old, explained that he believes educators shouldn’t begin teaching the Holocaust to students under the age of 14.

“I don’t think they should have contact with this until then. I believe there is a sense of innocence that should be left,” he said. “Some people do talk about it with 11-yearolds, through Anne Frank or movies like The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas, but if I tell the story of Anne Frank to an 11-year-old, in order to protect him from the death count I’d have to refrain from giving certain information.

I feel like a bit of a gatekeeper sometimes.”

In his classroom, Morgan said, he often makes use of case studies and people’s personal stories of the Holocaust in order to induce genuine engagement in his pupils, who tend to relate to the stories better.

Later, he provides them with information on the wider and deeper context of the events.

“My approach is very much to commemorate victims and survivors and the great lengths people went to tell the story of what happened,” he told the Post. “I tell the students that as young people, they can’t change anything, but they can become part of the commemoration of telling that story.”

In addition to getting some new teaching material and ideas for his classes, Morgan said he also got to learn about commemorating the Holocaust in the context of modern Israel.

“It is so encouraging and energizing to see Israeli scholars and people from Yad Vashem making sure that history is not misused, not distorted and used in the best possible way,” he said.

Alex Maws, head of education at the Holocaust Educational Trust, which works to promote Holocaust Education in the UK through various programs for educators and students, said in a statement that the organization is “thrilled to be working with Yad Vashem to offer British teachers a specifically designed program to enhance their understanding of the Holocaust.”

“Each of our participants have been chosen for their commitment and motivation to developing their understanding in this area,” he added.

The Holocaust Educational Trust organized a variety of seminars on the subject during the year. Last month, a group of 20 British non- Jewish students visited the country on a similar trip.

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Massive Demonstrations in Brazil



The month of June has been marked in Brazil by a series of massive demonstrations in Brazil’s main cities. At the heart of the protests appears to be discontent with the shoddy level of public services, especially transport, healthcare and education. The people of Brazil pay the highest rates of tax of all developing countries, equivalent to 36% of GDP, and feel that they should be getting far, far more for their money. What formally sparked the first demonstration, which took place in Sao Paolo, was a 6p rise in bus fares. This touched a raw nerve among Brazilian workers, who often have to spend a fifth of their income to pay their fares to struggle to and from work on overcrowded and poorly maintained public transport. What has really stuck in workers’ gullets as they are being stung for a very poor service is the billions that are being spent on building prestigious football stadiums. Fond though they are of football, their rage knows no bounds when confronted with the information that $3.2 billion is being paid for football stadiums in advance of the World Cup being played in Brazil next year, while public transport and public services in general are in a state of disarray. Anger over this issue is almost universal. The Washington Post of 23 June reports:

” A new poll said 75 percent of citizens support the demonstrations. Published by the weekly magazine Epoca, the survey was carried out by the respected Ibope institute, which interviewed 1,008 people across the country June 16-20. It had a margin of error of three percentage points “.

Yet the same survey discovered that: ” Despite the overwhelming support for the protests, 69 percent of respondents said they were satisfied with their lives and optimistic of the future. The nation has nearly full employment and has seen 40 million people move into its definition of middle class in the past decade  (‘Brazil calms after week of mass protests, but discontent still simmering in streets’).

Demonstrations spread like wildfire to every state in the country, with the apex being reached on 20 June when it is calculated that a million people took to the streets.

Needless to say, those participating in the demonstrations included not only people with concerns that they genuinely want to see addressed by the government, but also people who oppose the government precisely because it has been defending workers’ interests more than these people would like, even though, as it turns out, this has not been nearly enough. These people do not want a solution to the problem; they want to establish a right-wing government that will keep the working class in its place – and naturally they leap at every opportunity to exploit genuine grievances against a leftist administration in order to promote their cause. These elements have been responsible for physically assaulting communists and socialists supporting the demonstrations, and for inciting violence to force the state to intervene to suppress it, which it has done using rubber bullets and tear gas. A particular problem faced by the government is that Brazil is currently hosting a Confederations Cup football competition which has brought dozens of foreign football teams into the country as well as thousands of their supporters. Naturally it has a responsibility to protect these guests from violence being directed against them by malign elements.

As far as peaceful protests are concerned, Brazil’s president, Dilma Rousseff, has stated quite clearly that she thinks they are justified and that in a democratic country people have an absolute right to express their dissatisfaction with the performance of government. The bus fare rises were immediately revoked, and on 21 June, Dilma went on television to announce the measures that she was proposing in order to meet the concerns of the people. She announced that she would call a meeting of governors and prefects of the country’s main cities in order to bring about a grand pact for the improvement of public services.

” The focus will be, first, the elaboration of a National Plan for Urban Transport, which will prioritise public transport. Secondly, it will earmark 100% of oil income for education. Thirdly it will immediately bring thousands of doctors from abroad in order to improve health service provisions “, announced Dilma. She also confirmed that she would like to meet with the leaders of peaceful demonstrations, and with workers’ and union leaders.

Dilma stated that she considered it necessary to breathe new life into the “old political system” and to find mechanisms to make institutions more transparent, more resistant to wrongdoing and more open to social influence.

We must make an effort“, she said, ” to ensure that citizens have mechanisms for exercising more stringent control over their representatives. We need far more efficient ways of combating corruption. The Law of Access to Information passed by my government needs to be extended to all the institutions of the republic and its federated states “, she insisted.

As far as the dispute over the World Cup was concerned, President Dilma emphasised the fact that the money invested in building the arenas was provided by loans that will be repaid by the owners or by the businesses which are going to be running the stadiums and were not being paid for out of public money. She asked that the athletes and tourists visiting the country for the Confederations Cup be warmly welcomed, just as Brazilian players are when they compete in other countries.

” I would never allow those facilities to be paid for from the public purse, to the detriment of priority sectors such as health and education. In fact we have considerably increased the resources available for health and education. And we are going to increase them still further. I am confident that the National Congress will approve the proposal I am putting forward to the effect that all royalties from the sale of oil should be earmarked for education “, she said.

Most people would seem to be reassured by these government promises. On Saturday 22 June, there were still massive demonstrations, but reduced in number to some 250,000, and since then public indignation has been showing signs of being significantly assuaged. Various tweeters have been trying to fan the flames by describing Rousseff’s promises as meaningless, but the vast majority of people would appear to be willing to give her, and her party, the chance of making good their promises, which are very specific.

Brazil is of course a capitalist country and that being the case no government, whether of the left or of the right, can entirely control its economy which is governed by forces inherent in the capitalist system of production that is anarchic in nature. What a democratic and popular government can do in a country like Brazil is to represent the interests of the national bourgeoisie and the popular masses against imperialism, facilitating greater development of capitalism within its borders and resisting imperialist looting of its resources in order to be able to provide a higher standard of living to its people generally. It can also promote reforms that benefit the popular masses in order to promote national unity against imperialism and internal comprador forces. The governments of Dilma and Lula, her predecessor, have been very successful in those aims. But so long as there is capitalism they cannot prevent capitalists profiteering at the expense of the masses – that is what capitalism is all about – and it cannot reverse the tendency of capital to make the rich richer and the poor poorer.

The Economist, for example, recognises the achievements of the government, not only in improving the Brazilian economy out of all recognition, but also in doing a great deal to help the poor:

The past decade has seen the most marked sustained rise in living standards in the country’s history… ” and ” economic growth in the past decade has brought the biggest gains to those at the bottom of the heap“.

But Brazil is still suffering the effects of being a capitalist country. For instant there has recently been a “ spike in inflation, which is starting to eat into the buying power of the great majority of Brazilians who are still getting by on modest incomes, just as a big ramp-up in consumer credit in recent years has left them painfully overstretched. Bus fares have not risen for 30 months (mayors routinely freeze fares in municipal-election years, such as 2012, and in January this year the mayors of Rio and São Paulo agreed to wait until June before hiking in order to help the federal government massage the inflation figures). In fact, the rise in São Paulo’s and Rio’s bus fares comes nowhere close to matching inflation over that 30-month period. But bus fares are under government control, unlike other fast-rising costs such as those for housing and food. Perhaps they were simply chosen as a scapegoat.

“More broadly, the very middle class [this is The Economist‘s term for working class people who aren’t entirely destitute] that Brazil has created in the past decade-40m people have escaped from absolute poverty, but are still only one paycheck from falling back into it…-is developing an entirely new relationship with the government. They see further improvements in their living standards as their right and will fight tooth and nail not to fall back into poverty. And rather than being grateful for the occasional crumb thrown from rich Brazilians’ tables, they are waking up to the fact that they pay taxes and deserve something in return” (H.J. ‘The streets erupt’, 18 June 2013).

The time will come when experience will teach the masses that they need to move beyond an anti-imperialism that continues to accommodate capitalism internally to build a socialist society free of capitalist profiteering and the anarchy of production.

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100th Anniversary of the Ghadar movement – a salute to the forerunners of the Indian liberation struggle


This year marks the 100th anniversary of the Ghadar movement. By way of a tribute, Lalkaris dedicating this long article to the memory of its founders and participants – the forerunners of India’s struggle for liberation from British colonialism. What follows is an attempt to give a brief history of the Ghadar movement – its origins, motivations, vision and scope, as well as its lasting contribution to India’s freedom struggle, its legacy and continuing significance to the struggle of the Indian masses for a people’s democratic revolution as an integral part of the movement for socialism through the overthrow of capitalism. Part I of this article appears in this issue. The remainder will follow in subsequent issues – Editor

India’s struggle against British rule is as long as that rule itself. The 1857 national revolt of the Indian people, known as the First War of Indian Independence was the most prominent of the earlier struggles to free India from the clutches of British rule. But the latest and most modern phase of India’s freedom movement begins in 1913 with the formation of the Ghadar Party – the Party of Revolt – by the Indian revolutionaries then living in Canada and the USA. With the formation of the Ghadar Party, the revolutionary movement in India took a giant step forward – for this Party was both internationalist and secular in its outlook. It recognised the importance of revolutionary work in the army with the aim of inciting the latter to revolt against British imperialist rule, and overwhelmingly drew its members from peasants turned factory workers, unlike earlier revolutionaries who had by and large belonged to the privileged classes.

The Ghadar movement, although cruelly suppressed by the British imperial authorities, left a rich revolutionary legacy and made an indelible mark on the freedom movement, inspiring a whole generation of revolutionaries with its courage and self-sacrificing heroism. It produced a weekly publication, Ghadar, the very first issue of which boldly declared:

” Today there begins in foreign lands a war against the British Raj. What is our name? Mutiny. What is its work? Mutiny. Where will mutiny break out? In India. The time will soon come when rifles and blood will take the place of pen and ink.”

From time to time, Ghadar published the following advertisement in its columns:

” Wanted – enthusiastic and heroic soldiers for organising Ghadar in Hindustan. Remuneration – death; Reward – martyrdom; Pension – freedom; Field of work – Hindustan”.

The Ghadarites faced the gallows and firing squads with indomitable courage.

One of the youngest of the Ghadarites, Kartar Singh Sarabha, courted death with these words:

” I will get life imprisonment or capital punishment. But I will prefer the latter so that after rebirth I may again be prepared for the struggle for India’s freedom. I will die again and again till India becomes free. This is my last wish”.

In 1849 Punjab was conquered by the East India Company. Eight years later, the First War of Indian Independence broke out. This revolt of 1857 failed because of the betrayal by feudal chieftains and the help of the Sikh armies just as the British were being driven out of Delhi.

Punjab was crucial to British rule after 1857. Though constituting a mere one-thirteenth part of Indian territory, it supplied 60% of the soldiers in the British Indian army. It was the fear of the British rulers that a vibrant social, educational or political movement in the province might assume mass proportions and infect the army, thus undermining the chief pillar of British rule – hence the all-consuming concern of the authorities to isolate the army from any outside political influence.

To keep India British, Punjab had to be kept tranquil, which in turn required Punjab to be kept in a state of cultural, educational, social and political backwardness.

One of the directors of the East India Company, which ruled India prior to 1857, had bemoaned the fact that Britain had lost America through the folly of allowing the establishment of schools and colleges in that former colony, a mistake which must on no account be repeated in India. Therefore any Indian requiring to be educated had to go to England to study. The British government which took over from the East India Company after 1857 continued this policy, although it could never be completely applied since, on the one hand, there was a need for loyal and obedient clerks to run the administration, and on the other, Christian missionary education and proselytisation provoked a response on the part of the Indians to put in place some form of education. However, the British rulers did not even trust the chief Khalsa Diwan leaders, loyal though they were to the British, to provide elementary education through proper teachers for the younger and rising Sikh generation, for that might be a potential source of mischief – even active danger. If the alternative was that there be no imparting of even elementary education, then so be it. Its policy was to keep the Punjabis poor, illiterate and backward.

The government undertook the publication of books for the distortion of the Sikh religion, with the aim of inspiring loyalty to the British, flattering them with the characterisation of being the bravest, most loyal and devoted subjects of the British crown.

Even the ultra-loyal leaders of the Chief Khalsa Diwan were suspect, for no other reason than that they had discussed questions such as unity, sacrifice for the nation, the degraded state of the Sikhs, the conversion of untouchables to Sikhism, imparting education to Sikh children, reforming non-Sikh practices among Sikhs and their temples. The British insisted on just one loyalty – to the Crown.

Why emigrate?

Punishing land revenues, heavy indirect taxation, fragmentation of land holdings and indebtedness to money lenders had worsened the conditions of the Punjabi peasantry during the second half of the 19th century. There were no opportunities for employment other than recruitment into the army, which brought a life of extreme risk in return for the measly sum of 9-10 rupees a month.[1]

Ultimately it was conditions of extreme poverty which forced emigration, some people forced out by their inability to pay land revenue and other taxes, direct and indirect, while some sought the means to pay off their debts to the usurer classes, or simply to improve their economic conditions.

The soldiery in Punjab was recruited from the impoverished peasantry, which accounted for over 70% of the Punjab’s population. Dissatisfied with their lot in the army, a considerable number of them resigned and went abroad to improve their economic conditions. Approximately 90 per cent of those who went to Canada and the US were old soldiers of the British Army, with very few others emigrating.

In addition, a small number of politically conscious people, who had been involved in the 1906-07 struggle of the peasantry against the Colonisation Act, such as Ajit Singh (uncle to Bhagat Singh) and Lala Lajpat Rai, also fled abroad to escape arrest and torture at the hands of the colonial authorities.

Initially, these hunger-driven people went to Malaysia, Singapore, and China – in many cases recruited in these places into the British police or simply working as watchmen for rich Chinese or Malay merchants, or as guards or railway workers.

In the port cities of these countries to which they first emigrated they encountered visitors from Canada and America, heard stories regarding the prosperity of those latter countries, and information that the wages of even unskilled workers over there were ten times those they received in non-white colonies. This is what took them to Canada, a British colony, and the US. Many resigned from the army so as to be able to travel abroad in search of better employment.

” Thousands of adventurous Sikhs … from 1907 onwards emigrated in increasing numbers to the Far East, the Pacific coast of Canada and the US, many of them old soldiers … to better their lot (Sir Michael O’Dwyer, India as I knew it, Constable, London, 1925, p.190).

These emigrants were loyal British subjects who had fought in Britain’s wars of expansion and expected to be greeted with open arms in the British colony of Canada. Instead of being treated with courtesy and respect, however, they were showered with hate, insults and discrimination. It took a while for them to realise why and shed their earlier illusions about the British rulers of India having been the instruments of peace, justice and the rule of law.

The reality of life in Canada, where they faced humiliation at every turn, shattered their illusions and transformed these labourers, slowly but surely, into defiant and proud individuals, staunch freedom fighters, willing to sacrifice their all in the cause of India’s liberation from the jackboot of British colonial rule.

By 1908, approximately 5,200 Indians had reached Canada, while the number of Chinese and Japanese immigrants, who had been entering Canada for tens of years prior to that, stood at over 50,000.

Physically well built, most Punjabis took up the lumber trade which requires hefty men. Coming from a farming background, many took to farming as farm labourers – in a few cases even becoming owners of farms. Still others worked as carpenters, weavers, mechanics, or electricians. As the restrictive practices of the trade unions in Canada barred them from working at the trades in which they were skilled, they took any jobs that were available to them. The Indians were almost entirely concentrated in British Colombia and worked mainly in Vancouver and Victoria and on the farms in the neighbouring areas. They built a Sikh temple (gurdwara) in each of these cities and held property worth $300,000 in Victoria and $200,000 in Vancouver

Opposition to immigration

As the number of Asians began to assume sizeable proportions, opposition to immigration raised its ugly head under the slogan ‘Preserve Canada as a white man’s land’, with use of racial hatred and labour competition as weapons for the achievement of this demand.

The Canadian government was only too willing to oblige, being motivated by the political consideration that, by mixing with the local white population, the Asians, especially the Indians, would acquire notions of racial equality and self government and thus undermine British rule in India and other Asian colonies.

The British government, acting behind the scenes, fully backed the actions of the Canadian authorities to attempt to exclude altogether the entry of Indians into Canada, regarding it as both natural and desirable for economic, social, political and national reasons that Canada should remain a white man’s country. Canada as a self-governing dominion was the best judge of it, according to the British government.

In her 1858 declaration, following the suppression of the 1857 First War of Indian Independence, Queen Victoria had proclaimed: ” we hold ourselves bound to the natives of our Indian territories by the same obligations of duty which bind us to all our subjects“. Naively, Indians put great faith in the bona fides of this proclamation, which was merely a means of hoodwinking and deceiving the Indian masses, although British statesmen knew very well that the Queen’s pledges were to be honoured in their breach, and that the expectations roused by her could never be fulfilled.

For all practical purposes, Indian entry into Canada was barred.

Indians had begun reaching the US about the same time as they entered Canada, first arriving in the US in 1904. Before 1907, there were very few Indians in the US, and most of those were not of a labouring category. In that year, 1,072 Indians were admitted into the country, while 1908 saw the admission of an additional 1,710. Soon after that, the immigration authorities became very restrictive, in the wake of anti-Indian riots in the US and Canada. In spite of these restrictions, Indians found a back door to the US through the Philippines.

What awakened the consciousness of the Indians in Canada and the US was the far better treatment meted out by the authorities in Canada to Chinese and Japanese immigrants who, unlike the Indians, were not even British subjects. Not only did the Japanese and Chinese have much easier entry into Canada, they were allowed to bring their wives and children with them, or send for them after securing employment; they were allowed to acquire citizenship and voting rights. Unlike them “the Hindus” (a term used at that time for all Indians, be they Hindu, Muslim or Sikh) had no such facilities.

It was not long before it dawned upon the Indians that they were the target of hatred, contempt and discrimination for the sole reason that they were a subject people; that the slavery of their motherland lay at the root of all their problems; that, therefore, the sooner they got rid of it the better, for without freeing India from the brutal British rule, the Indians would never be treated as equals anywhere. Their incipient realisation of this truth was greatly helped by their abode in countries which were permeated with ideas of various bourgeois freedoms and liberties. The combined effect of being discriminated against and the acquisition of ideas of freedom and liberty was to turn these loyal British subjects into rebels and implacable foes of British colonialism and imperialism.

What alarmed the Canadian intelligence services was that certain Indians from the Punjab and Bengal had reached Canada, brought out newspapers which linked the problems faced by Indian immigrants to India’s subject status. What is more, their propaganda was finding fertile ground among the badly-treated Indians in North America.

One such politically enlightened Punjabi, Ramnath Puri, having reached America at the end of 1906, established in early 1907 a Hindustan Association (HA) in San Francisco with branches in Vancouver and elsewhere. The principal condition for membership of the HA was that the members would rid themselves of prejudice based on caste, colour and creed. It published in the Urdu language a periodical named Circular-i-Azadi (‘Circular of Freedom’) which the authorities quite correctly perceived to be of a “seditious character”. It published articles calculated to instil feelings of hatred and contempt for the British Raj in India.

The Bengali revolutionary, Taraknath Das, was involved in this movement and, after the closure of Circular-i-Azadi, began the publication of his English language monthly, Free Hindustan. A capable leader, he had been a member of the first revolutionary society formed in Calcutta in 1903. He reached San Francisco and joined Berkeley University as a student.

Fighting against the British subjugation of India, Free Hindustan embarked upon the road of imparting education to the Indians in Canada and California with the aim of preparing them for the struggle to liberate India.

At the time, the number of Indians in Canada and the US had reached nearly 10,000, of whom 95% were Sikhs. Most of these sturdy peasants from the Punjab were disciplined men with military backgrounds and training. The political campaigners did not fail to remember the bitter truth that the revolt of 1857 had failed because of, inter alia, the military support extended by the Punjabis, principally the Sikhs under the leadership of their treacherous feudal princes. They therefore well understood that any rebellion in the future had no chance of success unless the Punjabis joined the revolutionary forces. Hence their emphasis on instilling in the Punjabi workers a sense of burning hatred for British rule and on making them conscious in order to play an active part in the movement for India’s liberation. Besides, these workers, hailing from the Punjab and with a military background, had valuable contacts with Indian troops and regiments, which could prove crucial to the success of any uprising against the British.

In the conditions in which the Indian immigrants were living, such ideas proved extremely infectious. As soon as they grasped these ideas, the Indians began to be consumed by a burning desire to free India. One by one, those with a military history concluded that the medals won by them through their service in the British army ought to be regarded as ‘medals of slavery’, that these medals signified that they had fought as mercenaries for the British against the cause of their own countrymen or various free peoples. As such, these medals, buttons, uniforms or insignia should never be worn but discarded. Some publicly threw away their medals, while others made a bonfire of their certificates of honourable discharge from the British army. The Sikh veterans in Vancouver pointedly turned down the city mayor’s invitation to attend a military review staged in honour of the Governor-General’s visit.

Though mostly uneducated, the Sikh peasants had learned through hard experience much that the educated Indians, who were then busy being servile to British imperialism, had not learned. The rising level of political consciousness of the Indian immigrants was the most important consideration weighting on the governments of Britain, Canada and India in their determination to bar the entry of more Indians into Canada. Various devices were used to this effect. Only those Indians who arrived directly from India were to be admitted. And, since there was no direct route from India to Canada, this rule operated, as was intended, to prevent Indian immigration altogether. Even members of the families of Indians owning land in Canada had to have on them $200 (a very large sum for those times) each. While other British subjects could acquire the right to vote after 6 months’ residence, the Indians were denied such a right. Since the Indians were not denied this right in the US, Germany or Japan, they could not but conclude that they were better off in foreign countries than in British territory.



In India as a whole, consequent upon its conquest by the East India Company, the entire framework of Indian society had been broken down, ” without any symptoms of reconstitution yet appearing” (Karl Marx, British Rule in India, 10 June 1853).

Marx went on to point out that from immemorial times there were three departments of government in Asia: ” that of finance, or the plunder of the interior; that of war, or the plunder of the exterior; and finally the department of public works“, without which agriculture is impossible in Asia. As Marx noted, the East India Company willingly accepted from the previous Moghal regime the department of finance and of war, but completely ignored that of public works, which caused deterioration of agriculture to an unheard of extent. In addition the British rulers went on to break up Indian industry, reducing the masses of Indians to utter destitution and overdependence on land. It is hardly surprising then that these conditions should produce epidemics and famines which swept away tens of millions of people – a question which will have to be discussed elsewhere.

Posted in UKComments Off on 100th Anniversary of the Ghadar movement – a salute to the forerunners of the Indian liberation struggle

Turkey: war and economic crisis destabilise Erdogan



The immediate trigger for the stormy events in Turkey over recent weeks was the heavy-handed police suppression of a peaceful demonstration over plans to concrete over the park adjoining the politically symbolic Taksim Square. This in turn followed a series of protests against a policy of bulldozing sites of historic importance to make way for the construction of shopping malls in a triumph of consumerism over history. This appalled some because of the environmental impact and others because it ran in tandem with a rewriting of republican history. The protests over the closure of the Emek cinema in 2010 were a case in point. The cinema, built in 1924 (just a year into the Kemalist republic), was a potent symbol of Turkey’s political and cultural identity which was fiercely defended not just by film buffs but also by political activists.

So the battle over a scrap of green on the edge of Taksim Square is not quite as random as it seems. However, it is clear that the forces unleashed in recent weeks are evidence of a social destabilisation in Turkey which has implications way beyond the protest’s point of origin.

AKP: Divide and rule

The breathtaking scale and duration of this first wave of the Turkish uprising has not only caught on the hop the ruling Islamist AKP party and that wing of the bourgeoisie which it fronts, but also every imperialist in the world who reckoned on the AKP as a safe pair of hands to safeguard its interests, not least those relating to the attempted subversion of Turkey’s Syrian neighbour.

Most surprised of all, it seems, is the double-dealing Erdogan himself. After years of playing one section of the people off against another, presenting himself as a man for all seasons whilst systematically clipping the wings of all the political competition, he could have been forgiven for a degree of complacency, especially after having secured comfortable majorities in the last three elections. Yet all of a sudden the masses are out on the street, and after over two weeks of brutal attack by water cannon and tear gas are not yet minded to retreat. On his return from his ill-timed trip to Morocco, the great illusionist must have rubbed his eyes to see ten years of divide-and-rule cunning resulting in the unity, albeit temporary, of just about every section of Turkish society outside the AKP itself.

Indeed, the haste with which his deputy, left to guard the shop whilst the boss swanned off to North Africa, tried to distance himself from Erdogan’s hard line, suggested that even within the government there are fears that Erdogan has overplayed his hand. In the event, Bulent Arinc’s craven apology for the police brutality against the original protest in the park adjoining Taksim Square has only served to erode further the government’s credibility, given that police violence has if anything become yet more shameless and murderous since then, leaving several dead and over 4,300 injured. To compound Erdogan’s misery, a curious report from the Turkish paper Hurriyet claims that morale within the force is so low that about a thousand officers have resigned and six officers have killed themselves since the protests began. The paper quotes Frank Sezer, the head of the police union, complaining about the ” severe conditions” under which they are currently obliged to work!

Yet it would be hard to fault the Machiavellian expertise with which the AKP, coming out of nowhere in 2002, has been able to pick off one source of dissent after another, beginning with the military. Harsh memories of the coup of 1980 and the subsequent period of military dictatorship were capitalised upon by Erdogan to justify a massive purge of the army high command, replacing generals committed to the defence of the secular republic with placemen taking their lead from the AKP. The purge, given judicial cover through a show trial in 2007, was presented as a pre-emptive move to nip another military coup in the bud, and this alluring narrative of a set-piece battle between the army and democracy disarmed most of the left, who offered ” critical support” for the AKP, supposing that once the army had been faced down the left could see off the Islamists. The theory was that one wing of the bourgeoisie could be played off against another, to the advantage of the masses. In reality, it was the Islamists that played the left off against the army. And in the aftermath of the trial, as the purge widened its scope, Kemalist nationalists, by their own lights defenders of the secular republic, flooded into the gaols whilst the left sat on their hands or even applauded the “democratic” AKP.

To lend colour to the coup allegations, a number of generals alleged to be implicated in the 1980 coup were hauled into the dock. However, the prosecution had no interest in dealing with what had or had not been done in the past, concentrating exclusively on what they were allegedly about to do. These supposed future crimes were later denounced by journalists as fabrications woven by the AKP, but by that time the journalists themselves were falling victim to a smear campaign which treated them as co-conspirators and landed them in gaol too. An internet news service critical of the AKP,, was denounced as the media branch of the putative coup, with its journalists imprisoned for over a year. To make the case stick, the journalists’ computers were hacked into and fictitious coup plans planted on the hard drive.

Having pulled the republican sting out of the army, the AKP in 2012 turned its attention to the KCK, a Kurdish organisation linked to the PKK. Under cover of a smokescreen of lies, including the suggestion that the PKK itself was an invention of the Generals, many progressive Kurdish politicians identified as critical of the AKP found themselves in the dock. Those on the left who had stood aside as the bourgeois republicans came under the hammer now found the positions reversed. They could not expect, and did not receive, any support from the Kemalists.

Another way that Erdogan has conspired to manipulate public opinion in his favour has been to make a great parade of his imagined anti-zionist principles, denouncing the attacks on Gaza and storming out of a televised World Economic Forum conference attended by Peres. Just two weeks after that piece of theatre, Erdogan was telling the Turkish dailySabah, ” Our relations with Israel continue based on mutual interests. Those who leave the table in fury return to it with losses. Some have suggested that we end Israeli [Air Force]training flights in Konya . The truth is that not just Israel but ten countries pay to receive flight training in Konya. Indeed, our General Staff also announced that relations with Israel will continue in accordance with Turkey’s interests. Military contracts and orders also remain in force. There are many agreements with Israel, old and new. These all remain in force .”

So it has been that, by playing one off against another and by the chameleon-like nature of its politics, the Islamist AKP has managed to maintain its dominance for over a decade, taking comfort from the belief that every other constituency had either been won over, neutralised or outlawed. But that was before the AKP tied Turkey hand and foot to the imperialist war of subversion against Syria, and before the “economic miracle” which had kept him riding high in the polls started to bite the dust.

Erdogan: hoist with his own petard

It will be remembered that the crushing of the demo in Gezi Park was preceded by earlier demos against Turkey’s support for anti-Assad rebels. When the bombs went off in Reyhanli, nobody believed Ankara’s laughable assertion that Assad’s forces were responsible. And everybody understood that it was Erdogan’s insistence on stirring up trouble in Syria that spawned such outrages. On the very day of the explosions, when the human cost in both Turkish and Syrian lives was still being counted, a spontaneous demonstration in Reyhanli marched to the Foreign Ministry to demand the head, not of Assad, but of Erdogan. Another protest occurred in Ankara itself.

Erdogan’s espousal of the counter-revolution in Syria has won him few friends in his own country. A poll conducted by Kadir Has University of Istanbul, in twenty-six Turkish cities with 1,000 persons, between December 26th, 2012 and January 6th, 2013, found that only 11.4% of respondents wanted Turkey to ” support opposition forces” and 65.3% did not think a massive refugee wave would justify military intervention. Indeed 79% responded that nothing short of a direct threat against Turkey would justify military intervention.

Animosity towards Erdogan’s Syrian policy threatens to bring together many of the forces which had previously been divided and picked off one by one. Where is Turkey’s national dignity if she is to be reduced to no more than a crude tool of imperialist policy in the Middle East? Where is Turkey’s secular tradition if her foreign policy is to be tailored to the needs of Islamist rebels dedicated to the jihadist overthrow of Syria’s own secular state? The urgent arrival of such burning questions has confronted the government with the horrendous possibility of seeing all its enemies, Kemalist, socialist and democratic, out on the street in a common front of resistance, unravelling all Erdogan’s worst efforts to keep his critics divided amongst themselves.

It may have seemed to Erdogan a couple of years ago that he could pull off a cheap foreign policy coup by offering Turkey’s services to the counter-revolution in Syria, backing what his imperialist masters confidently assured him would prove to be the winning side and paving the way for a much-touted “post-Assad future” in which Ankara (and in particular the Islamist AKP) would have a greatly inflated role in the Middle East. Two years on, with the rebels and their backers retreating and splitting whilst the Syrian army advances in firm defence of the country’s sovereignty, he might be forgiven for entertaining doubts. It is Ankara that has conspired to destabilise Turkey’s progressive and anti-imperialist neighbour. In so doing, however, it has destabilised Turkey itself, threatening to bring the while house down around Erdogan’s ears.

End of the “economic miracle

In the first half of 2011, in a final flourish of what had been billed as Turkey’s “economic miracle“, GDP expanded at a 10% annual rate of growth. Yet by the first quarter of 2013, growth had ground to a complete halt. Analyst David Goldman, writing the Spengler column in Asia Times Online (23 April, ‘Turkey’s ticking debt time-bomb’), explained this catastrophic development thus:

” The government of Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan had financed a consumer bubble with a huge trade deficit financed by short-term interbank loans. The consumer boom is gone, but the credit bubble continues, with bank lending still expanding by 30% a year despite the stalled economy. Turkey’s current account deficit remains in the red-alert region of nearly 10% of GDP, and it continues to finance the deficit with short-term interbank borrowings. Bubbles like this eventually blow up… Turkey is not growing at all. Turkey’s government debt remains quite low at just 36% of GDP, but private-sector debt – especially short-term foreign debt – has tripled in the past four years.”

Goldman goes on to suggest that most of the short-term cash that Turkey has borrowed since 2010 has been from the Gulf states. Clearly those loans have come at a price, tying modern, republican Turkey into a suffocating dependence upon the backward feudal sheikhdoms with which the country has been plunged in unholy sectarian alliance against Syria. As Goldman notes, “This largesse cannot continue indefinitely, though. Turkey’s central bank promised to reduce its foreign deficit by reducing growth. Now the growth is gone, but not the deficit .”

In short, the “miracle” is over, the economy is starting to run backwards and Turkish workers will be told to tighten their belts to pay off the debts. As real life crashes in, and people find they are living in a Turkey which is (a) broke and (b) dragged into a sectarian war in the service of imperialism, Erdogan’s luck may soon be running out. It would be no more than poetic justice were the first fruits of his attempt to effect regime change in Damascus to be the ignominious demise of his own regime in Ankara. Now that the organised working class is starting to mobilise, with two major union federations representing 600,000 workers having pulled their members out on strike in support of the protestors, Erdogan’s days may be numbered.

Solidarity in action

In calling for solidarity with the Turkish protests, we also urge the workers’ movement in Britain to take to heart the inspiring example that is being set. As well as arresting scores of protestors, the police are also targeting journalists, lawyers and doctors. Yet even under severe repression, some courageous journalists have persisted in getting the truth out, serving as an object lesson for those union leaders in Britain who show considerably less courage under (for the moment) much less onerous conditions. The collapse of the free press and crushing silence on Turkish television about the protests by a media that are petrified of offending the government has been exposed by the host of a popular Turkish game show. Ali Ihsan Varol, the star of the Bloomberg TV quiz show “Kelime Oyunu,” or “The Word Game,” who in a recent broadcast arranged for questions that had answers reflecting the violence from “gas mask” to “Twitter” to “dictator.”

Such Turkish journalists who defy the self censorship of the corporate media, refuse to be bullied and intimidated and take a stance against Turkey’s media blackout are setting a great example for the kind of non-cooperation campaign which is so sorely needed over here. So too are the doctors who, even in the face of mass detention, are insisting on getting medical treatment to protestors wounded by the police thugs.

We should take heart from their example. In particular we need to learn to have confidence in our own collective power to refuse to produce, disseminate or broadcast state propaganda or co-operate with imperialist war crimes by making or moving munitions or other equipment, or collaborate in any other way with the ongoing campaign of subversion against independent Syria .

Solidarity with the Turkish protestors!

Victory to the Turkish masses!

Support the Turkish unions’ demand for the release of all those arrested and the lifting of all bans on meetings and demonstrations!

Victory to Assad and the Syrian people!


Posted in TurkeyComments Off on Turkey: war and economic crisis destabilise Erdogan

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