Categorized | Middle East, Iraq


Posted by: Sammi Ibrahem, Sr

From the Islamic State (ISIS) family album

“ISIL”, “Isil”, “ISIS”, “Daish” and “Daesh” redirect here. For other uses, see ISIL (disambiguation)Isis (disambiguation) and Daish (surname)
“Islamic State group” redirects here. For other Islamic states, see Islamic state (disambiguation).
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام (Arabic)
ad-Dawlah al-Islāmiyah fīl-ʿIrāq wash-Shām

Participant in: the Syrian CIA WarIraq CIA  War (2003–2011)Iraqi insurgencySecond Libyan CiA WarBoko Haram insurgency, and other conflicts

Primary target of: The Global War on Terrorism and of the Military interventions against ISILin Iraqin Syriain Libya, and in Nigeria.

Black Standard adopted by ISIL
Motto: باقية وتتمدد
Bāqiyah wa-Tatamaddad
“Remaining and Expanding”
Anthem: أمتي قد لاح فجر
Ummatī, qad lāha fajrun
“My Nation, Dawn Has Appeared” 
Military situation as of 15 March 2015, in Iraq and Syrian conflicts.  Controlled by Iraqi Government forces  Controlled by Syrian Government forces  Controlled by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant  Controlled by Iraqi Kurdistan forces  Controlled by Syrian Kurdistan forces  Controlled by Syrian Opposition forces  Controlled by al-Nusra Note: Iraq and Syria contain large desert areas with limited population. These areas are mapped as under the control of forces holding roads and towns within them. Map of the current military situation in IraqMap of the current military situation in SyriaMap of the current military situation in Libya
Military situation as of 15 March 2015, in Iraq and Syrian conflicts.
  Controlled by Iraqi Government forces
  Controlled by Syrian Government forces
  Controlled by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
  Controlled by Iraqi Kurdistan forces
  Controlled by Syrian Kurdistan forces
  Controlled by Syrian Opposition forces
  Controlled by al-Nusra
Note: Iraq and Syria contain large desert areas with limited population. These areas are mapped as under the control of forces holding roads and towns within them.

Map of the current military situation in Iraq

Administrative center Ar-RaqqahSyria
(de facto)
35°57′N 39°1′E
Largest city MosulIraq
Ideologies Salafist jihadism
Type Rebel group controlling territory
Current control in
Former control in
Military strength & operation areas Inside Iraq and Syria
200,000 (Kurdish claim)
20,000–31,000 (CIA estimate)
Outside Iraq and Syria
29,000–46,800 (SeeMilitary of ISIL for more-detailed estimates.)
Estimated total
 – Leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
 – Deputy leader in Iraq Abu Muslim al-Turkmani
 – Deputy leader in Syria Abu Ali al-Anbari
 – Head of Military Shura Abu Ayman al-Iraqi
 – Spokesman Abu Mohammad al-Adnani
 – Field commander Abu Omar al-Shishani
 – Formation (as Jamāʻat al-Tawḥīd wa-al-Jihād) 1999
 – Joined al-Qaeda October 2004
 – Declaration of an Islamic statein Iraq 13 October 2006
 – Claim of territory in the Levant 8 April 2013
 – Separated from al-Qaeda
3 February 2014
 – Declaration of Caliphate 29 June 2014
 – Claim of territory in Libya, Egypt, Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Afghanistan, and Pakistan 13 November 2014

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL /ˈsəl/Arabic: الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام‎), also known as Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or Islamic State of Iraq and ash-Sham (ISIS /ˈsɪs/) or Islamic State, is an Islamic extremist rebel group controlling territory in Iraq and Syria, with operations in LebanonLibya, the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt, and other areas of the Middle EastNorth AfricaWest Africa, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. The group is known in Arabic asad-Dawlat al-Islāmiyah fī al-ʿIrāq wa sh-Shām, leading to the Arabic acronym Da’ish or DAESH (داعش, Arabic pronunciation:daːʕiʃ). On 29 June 2014, the group proclaimed itself to be a worldwide caliphate with Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi being named its caliph and also renamed itself Islamic State (الدولة الإسلامية, ad-Dawlat al-Islāmiyah). The new name has been widely criticised and condemned, with the UN, various governments, and mainstream Muslim groups refusing to acknowledge it. As caliphate, it claims religious, political and military authority over all Muslims worldwide and that “the legality of all emirates, groups, states, and organisations, becomes null by the expansion of the khilāfah’s (caliphate’s) authority and arrival of its troops to their areas”. Many Islamic and non-Islamic communities judge the group unrepresentative of Islam.

The United Nations has held ISIL responsible for human rights abuses and war crimes, and Amnesty International has reported ethnic cleansing by the group on a “historic scale”. The group has been designated as a terrorist organisation by the United Nations, the European Union, the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia, Canada, Indonesia, Malaysia, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Syria, Egypt, India, and Russia. Over 60 countries are directly or indirectly waging war against ISIL.

The group originated as Jama’at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad in 1999, which was renamed Tanzim Qaidat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn—commonly known as al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI)—when the group pledged allegiance to al-Qaeda in 2004. As Jama’atand later AQI, the group participated, from August 2003, in the Iraqi insurgency which had followed the March 2003 invasion of Iraq. In January 2006, it joined other Sunni insurgent groups to form the Mujahideen Shura Council, which in October 2006 proclaimed the formation of the Islamic State of Iraq (ISI). ISI gained a significant presence in Al Anbar Governorate,Diyala Governorate and Baghdad Governorate.

Under the leadership of al-Baghdadi, ISI sent delegates into Syria in August 2011 after the Syrian Civil War had begun in March 2011. This group named itself Jabhat an-Nuṣrah li-Ahli ash-Shām or al-Nusra Front and established a large presence in Sunni-majority areas of Syria within the governorates of Ar-RaqqahIdlibDeir ez-Zor and Aleppo. In April 2013, al-Baghdadi announced the merger of his ISI with al-Nusra Front, and announced the name of the reunited group was nowIslamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). However, both al-Julani and al-Zawahiri, the leaders of al-Nusra and of al-Qaeda, rejected the merger. After an eight-month power struggle al-Qaeda cut all ties with ISIL in February 2014—citing its failure to consult and “notorious intransigence”. On 29 June 2014, the group renamed itself the Islamic State (IS).

ISIL is known for its well-funded web and social media propaganda, which includes Internet videos of the beheadings of soldiers, civilians, journalists, and aid workers, as well as the deliberate destruction of cultural heritage sites. To finance its activities, the organisation is also stealing ancient artefacts from Syria and Iraq.

The group gained notoriety after it drove the Iraqi government forces out of key western cities in Iraq. In Syria, it conducted ground attacks against both government forces and rebel factions in the Syrian Civil War. It gained those territories after an offensive, initiated in early 2014, which senior US military commanders and members of the US House Committee on Foreign Affairs saw as a re-emergence of Sunni insurgents and al-Qaeda militants. This territorial loss implied a failure of US foreign policy, and almost caused a collapse of the Iraqi government that prompted renewal of US military action in Iraq.




  1. Donville says:

    As ISIS has significant disposable firepower, kindly use it on reclaiming the Hejaz-Mecca Caliphate from the $tinky Wahhabi-Sheikhs. Only one Islamic Caliphate should exist for all Muslims. The photo evidence shows that Saudi Wahhabi’s are not the legitimate guardians and patriarchs of Islam. Undeserving Wahhabi’s buy Sunni friends with oil money. How low can fabulously wealthy Gulf Sunni’s get.


Shoah’s pages