Archive | November 10th, 2019

Middle East: a Complex Re-alignment

by CONN HALLINA

Image Source: Turkish Flame – Public Domain

The fallout from the September attack on Saudi Arabia’s Aramco oil facilities is continuing to reverberate throughout the Middle East, sidelining old enmities—sometimes for new ones—and re-drawing traditional alliances. While Turkey’s recent invasion of northern Syria is grabbing the headlines, the bigger story may be that major regional players are contemplating some historic re-alignments.

After years of bitter rivalry, the Saudis and the Iranians are considering how they can dial down their mutual animosity. The formerly powerful Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) of Persian Gulf monarchs is atomizing because Saudi Arabia is losing its grip. And Washington’s former domination of the region appears to be in decline.

Some of these developments are long-standing, pre-dating the cruise missile and drone assault that knocked out 50 percent of Saudi Arabia’s oil production. But the double shock—Turkey’s lunge into Syria and the September missile attack—is accelerating these changes.

Pakistani Prime Minister, Imran Khan, recently flew to Iran and then on to Saudi Arabia to lobby for détente between Teheran and Riyadh and to head off any possibility of hostilities between the two countries. “What should never happen is a war,” Khan said, “because this will not just affect the whole region…this will cause poverty in the world. Oil prices will go up.”

According to Khan, both sides have agreed to talk, although the Yemen War is a stumbling block. But there are straws in the wind on that front, too. A partial ceasefire seems to be holding, and there are back channel talks going on between the Houthis and the Saudis.

The Saudi intervention in Yemen’s civil war was supposed to last three months, but it has dragged on for over four years. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) was to supply the ground troops and the Saudis the airpower. But the Saudi-UAE alliance has made little progress against the battle-hardened Houthis, who have been strengthened by defections from the regular Yemeni army.

Air wars without supporting ground troops are almost always a failure, and they are very expensive. The drain on the Saudi treasury is significant, and the country’s wealth is not bottomless.

Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is trying to shift the Saudi economy from its overreliance on petroleum, but he needs outside money to do that and he is not getting it. The Yemen War—which, according to the United Nations is the worst humanitarian disaster on the planet—and the Prince’s involvement with the murder and dismemberment of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, has spooked many investors.

Without outside investment, the Saudi’s have to use their oil revenues, but the price per barrel is below what the Kingdom needs to fulfill its budget goals, and world demand is falling off. The Chinese economy is slowing— the trade war with the US has had an impact—and European growth is sluggish. There is a whiff of recession in the air, and that’s bad news for oil producers.

Riyadh is also losing allies. The UAE is negotiating with the Houthis and withdrawing their troops, in part because the Abu Dhabi has different goals in Yemen than Saudi Arabia, and because in any dustup with Iran, the UAE would be ground zero. US generals are fond of calling the UAE “little Sparta” because of its well trained army, but the operational word for Abu Dhabi is “little”: the Emirate’s army can muster 20,000 troops, Iran can field more than 800,000 soldiers.

Saudi Arabia’s goals in Yemen are to support the government-in-exile of President Rabho Mansour Hadi, control its southern border and challenge Iran’s support of the Houthis. The UAE, on the other hand, is less concerned with the Houthis but quite focused on backing the anti-Hadi Southern Transitional Council, which is trying to re-create south Yemen as a separate country. North and south Yemen were merged in 1990, largely as a result of Saudi pressure, and it has never been a comfortable marriage.

Riyadh has also lost its grip on the Gulf Cooperation Council. Oman, Kuwait, and Qatar continue to trade with Iran in spite of efforts by the Saudis to isolate Teheran,

The UAE and Saudi Arabia recently hosted Russian President Vladimir Putin, who pressed for the 22-member Arab League to re-admit Syria. GCC member Bahrain has already re-established diplomatic relations with Damascus. Putin is pushing for a multilateral security umbrella for the Middle East, which includes China.

“While Russia is a reliable ally, the US is not,” Middle East scholar Mark Katz told the South Asia Journal. And while many in the region have no love for Syria’s Assad, “they respect Vladimir Putin for sticking by Russia’s ally.”

The Arab League—with the exception of Qatar—denounced the Turkish invasion and called for a withdrawal of Ankara’s troops. Qatar is currently being blockaded by Saudi Arabia and the UAE for pursuing an independent foreign policy and backing a different horse in the Libyan civil war. Turkey is Qatar’s main ally.

Russia’s 10-point agreement with Turkey on Syria has generally gone down well with Arab League members, largely because the Turks agreed to respect Damascus’s sovereignty and eventually withdraw all troops. Of course, “eventually” is a shifty word, especially because Turkey’s goals are hardly clear.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan wants to drive the Syrian Kurds away from the Turkish border and move millions of Syrian refugees into a strip of land some 19 miles deep and 275 miles wide. The Kurds may move out, but the Russian and Syrian military—filling in the vacuum left by President Trump’s withdrawal of American forces—have blocked the Turks from holding more than the border and one deep enclave, certainly not one big enough to house millions of refugees.

Erdogan’s invasion is popular at home—nationalism plays well with the Turkish population and most Turks are unhappy with the Syrian refugees—but for how long? The Turkish economy is in trouble and invasions cost a lot of money. Ankara is using proxies for much of the fighting, but without lots of Turkish support those proxies are no match for the Kurds—let alone the Syrian and Russian military.

That would mainly mean airpower, and Turkish airpower is restrained by the threat of Syrian anti-aircraft and Russian fighters, not to mention the fact that the Americans still control the airspace. The Russians have deployed their latest fifth-generation stealth fighter, the SU-57, and a number of MiG-29s and SU-27s, not planes the Turks would wish to tangle with. The Russians also have their new mobile S-400 anti-aircraft system, and the Syrians have the older, but still effective, S-300s.

In short, things could get really messy if Turkey decided to push their proxies or their army into areas occupied by Russian or Syrian troops. There are reports of clashes in Syria’s northeast and casualties among the Kurds and Syrian Army, but a serious attempt to push the Russians and the Syrians out seems questionable.

The goal of resettling refugees is unlikely to go anywhere. It will cost some $53 billion to build an infrastructure and move two million refugees into Syria, money that Turkey doesn’t have. The European Union has made it clear it won’t offer a nickel, and the UN can’t step in because the invasion is a violation of international law.

When those facts sink in, Erdogan might find that Turkish nationalism will not be enough to support his Syrian adventure if it turns into an occupation.

The Middle East that is emerging from the current crisis may be very different than the one that existed before those cruise missiles and drones tipped over the chessboard. The Yemen War might finally end. Iran may, at least partly, break out of the political and economic blockade that Saudi Arabia, the US and Israel has imposed on it. Syria’s civil war will recede.  And the Americans, who have dominated the Middle East since 1945, will become simply one of several international players in the region, along with China, Russia, India and the European Union.

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How the Syrian Democratic Forces Were Suddenly Transformed into “Kurdish Forces”

by ROBERT FISK

Photograph Source: Qasioun News Agency – CC BY 3.0

That wars end very differently to our own expectations – or our plans – was established long ago. That “we” won the Second World War did not mean the Americans would win the Vietnam war, or that France would vanquish its enemies in Algeria. Yet the moment we decide who the good guys are, and who the evil monsters whom we must destroy, we relapse again into our old mistakes.

Because we hate, loathe and demonise Saddam or Gaddafi or Assad, we are sure – we are absolutely convinced – that they will be dethroned and that the blue skies of freedom will shine down upon their broken lands. This is childish, immature, infantile (although, given the trash we are prepared to consume over Brexit, it’s not, I suppose, very surprising).

Well, Saddam’s demise brought upon Iraq the most unimaginable suffering. So too Gaddafi’s assassination beside the most famous sewer in Libya. As for Bashar al-Assad, far from being overthrown, he has emerged as the biggest winner of the Syrian war. Still we insist that he must go. Still we intend to try Syrian war criminals – and rightly so – but the Syrian regime has emerged above the blood-tide of war intact, alive, and with the most reliable superpower ally any Middle East state could have: the Kremlin.

I despise the word “curate”. Everyone seems to be curating scenarios, curating political conversations or curating business portfolios. We seem to be addicted to these awful curio words. But for once I’m going to use it in real form: those who curated the story – the narrative – of the Syrian war, got it all wrong from the start.

Bashar would go. The Free Syrian Army, supposedly made up of tens of thousands of Syrian army deserters and the unarmed demonstrators of Darayya, Damascus and Homs, would force the Assad family from power. And, of course, western-style democracy would break out, and secularism – which was in fact supposed to be the foundation of the Baath party – would become the basis of a new and liberal Arab state. We shall leave aside for now one of the real reasons for the west’s support of the rebellion: to destroy Iran’s only Arab ally.

We didn’t predict the arrival of al-Qaeda, now purified with the name of Nusrah. We did not imagine that the Isis nightmare would emerge like a genie from the eastern deserts. Nor did we understand – nor were we told – how these Islamist cults could consume the people’s revolution in which we believed.

Still today, I am only beginning to learn how Syria’s “moderate” rebellion turned into the apocalyptic killing machine of the Islamic State. Some Islamist groups (not all, by any means, and it was not a simple transition) were there from the start. They were in Homs as early as 2012.

This does not mean that Syrian rebels were not brave, democratically minded figures. But they were mightily exaggerated in the west. While David Cameron was fantasising about the 70,000 Free Syrian Army (FSA) “moderates” fighting the Assad regime – there were never more than perhaps 7,000, at the most – the Syrian army was already talking to them, sometimes directly by mobile phone, to persuade them to return to their original government army units or to abandon a town without fighting or to swap the bodies of government soldiers for food. Syrian officers would say that they always preferred to fight the FSA because they ran away; Nusrah and Isis did not.

Yet now, today, as we report the results of the Turkish invasion of northern Syria, we are using a weird expression for Turkey’s Arab militia allies. They are called the “Syrian National Army” – as opposed to the Assad government’s original and still very extant Syrian Arab Army. Vincent Durac, a professor in Middle East politics in Dublin, even wrote last week that these Arab militia allies were “a creation of Turkey”.

This is nonsense. They are the wreckage of the original and now utterly discredited Free Syrian Army – David Cameron’s mythical legions whose mysterious composition, I recall, was once explained to British MPs by the gloriously named General Messenger. Very few reporters (with the honourable exception of those reporting for Channel 4 News) have explained this all-important fact of the war, even though some footage clearly showed the Turkish-paid militiamen brandishing the old Free Syrian Army green, white and black flag.

It was this same ex-FSA rabble who entered the Kurdish enclave of Afrin last year and helped their Nusrah colleagues loot Kurdish homes and businesses. The Turks called this violent act of occupation “Operation Olive Branch”. Even more preposterous, its latest invasion is named “Operation Peace Spring”.

There was a time when this would have provoked ribaldry and contempt. No longer. Today, the media have largely treated this ridiculous nomenclature with something approaching respect.

We have been playing the same tricks with the so-called “American-backed” Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF). As I’ve said before, almost all the SDF are Kurds, and they have never been elected, chosen, or joined the SDF democratically. Indeed there was nothing at all democratic about the militia, and its “force” existed only so long as it was supported by US air power. Yet the Syrian Democratic Forces kept their title unscathed and largely unquestioned by the media.

But when the Turks invaded Syria, to drive them from the Syrian-Turkish border, they were suddenly transformed by us into “Kurdish forces” – which they largely were – who had been betrayed by the Americans – which they very definitely were.

An irony, which is either forgotten or simply unknown, is that when fighting began in Aleppo in 2012, the Kurds helped the FSA grab several areas of the city. The two were fighting each other seven years later when the Turks invaded the “free” Kurdish borderland of Rojava. Even less advertised was the fact that the Turkish-FSA advance into Syria allowed thousands of Arab Syrian villagers to return to homes taken over by the Kurds when they set up their doomed statelet after the war began.

But the narrative of this war is now being further skewed by our suspension of any critical understanding of Saudi Arabia’s new role in the Syrian debacle.

Deny and deny and deny is the Saudi policy, when asked what assistance it gave to the anti-Assad Islamist rebels in Syria. Even when I found Bosnian weapons documents in a Nusrah base in Aleppo, signed off by an arms manufacturer near Sarajevo called Ifet Krnjic – and even when I tracked down Krnjic himself, who explained how the weapons had been sent to Saudi Arabia (he even described the Saudi officials whom he spoke to in his factory) – the Saudis denied the facts.

Yet today, almost incredibly, it seems the Saudis themselves are now contemplating an entirely new approach to Syria. Already their United Arab Emirates allies in the Yemeni war (another Saudi catastrophe) have reopened their embassy in Damascus: a highly significant decision by the Gulf state, although largely ignored in the west. Now, it seems, the Saudis are thinking of strengthening their cooperation with Russia by financing, along with the Emiratis and perhaps also Kuwait, the reconstruction of Syria.

Thus the Saudis would become more important to the Syrian regime than sanctions-cracked Iran, and would perhaps forestall Qatar’s own increasingly warm – if very discreet – relations with Bashar al-Assad. The Qataris, despite their Al-Jazeera worldwide empire, want to expand their power over real, physical land; and Syria is an obvious target for their generosity and wealth. But if the Saudis decided to take on this onerous role, the kingdom would at one and the same time muscle both Iran and Qatar aside. Or so it believes. The Syrians – whose principle policy in such times is to wait, and wait, and wait – will, of course, decide how to play with their neighbours’ ambitions.

But Saudi interest in Syria is not merely conjecture. Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman remarked to Time magazine in August last year that “Bashar is going to stay. But I believe that Bashar’s interest is not to let the Iranians do whatever they want to do.” The Syrians and the Bahrainis are talking regularly about the post-war Levant. The Emirates might even negotiate between the Saudis and the Syrians. The Gulf states are now saying that it was a mistake to suspend Syria’s membership of the Arab League.

In other words, Syria – with Russian encouragement – is steadily resuming the role it maintained before the 2011 revolt.

This wasn’t what we in the west imagined then, when our ambassadors in Damascus were encouraging the Syrian street demonstrators to keep up their struggle against the regime; indeed, when they specifically told the protestors not even to talk or negotiate with the Assad government.

But those were in the days before two crazed elements emerged to smash all our assumptions, sowing fear and distrust across the Middle East: Donald Trump and Isis.

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In the Looming Shadow of Civil War

by JOSEPH NATOLI

Photograph Source: Roscoe Myrick – CC BY 2.0

“If the Democrats are successful in removing the President from office (which they will never be), it will cause a Civil War like fracture in this Nation from which our Country will never heal,”

– Donald J. Trump, tweet

“The mood of the country has been more poisonous that this; at the time of Nixon’s invasion of Cambodia in 1970, and again in the run-up to the Iraq War. Worse, yes; but it has never been crazier.”

– David Bromwich, London Review of Books, 24 October 2019

I. The Combatants

The President of the United States urges Republicans to get tougher and fight an illegitimate impeachment. It seems we may soon have to choose which side we are on in our deep cultural divide. The President’s long game may be to take the whole issue to the Supreme Count where another Gore/Bush decision will come down. Much will fester during this wait.

But if a civil war were to come if Trump wins or if Trump loses the election or a Supreme Court battle, this war wouldn’t have a casus belli anything like ending slavery. Never Trump and Forever Trump are very sad casus belli, although they would feed the ego of Trump. Given that, it would still be a humiliating and disgusting episode in American history, were that to come.

What brand of Republican would be fighting what brand of Democrat? Or would it be the Trumpians rebelling against the tyranny of the Never Trumpians? Perhaps it would be a religious war: those fighting on the side of abortion and LGBTQ rights lining up against those who have made Jesus their personal savior?

Reasons, not forthcoming, aside we can yet see the battle lines joined on a level of passions. Liberals retain the old tax and spend/baby killing on demand profile, taking from working Americans and giving to lazy shirkers and on the way killing babies. The profile grows darker: gay marriage, gender choice, LGBTQ rights, amnesty to illegal aliens, open borders, confiscation of guns, cars, cattle, Jesus, Robert E. Lee and white privilege.

The “extreme Left” and Progressives have a thinner profile: Communists.

Republicans have not been labelled so colorfully by Democrats because both share a deep respect for the continuous growth of profit. The differences regarding what to do with the consequences of a rapacious economic system have not been sufficient for Democrats to paint a damning portrait of Republicans. That’s been the case until Bernie Sanders, a class warrior not silenced by those who have made this label synonymous with traitor, terrorist, Communist.

The splinter Trump faction now both tormenting and keeping the Republican Party alive is colorfully stereotyped by Liberals and Progressives. Donald J. Trump led them to this profile simply by being elected the 45th President of the United States. What sort of voter would vote for a man who during the campaign aroused anger and hate, racism, bigotry and misogyny, who had 25 women accusing him of sexual misconduct, who refused to pay hundred of workers, who nastily ridiculed his opponents?

The profile then of the Trumpian placed both ignorance and stupidity at the top of the list, followed by racist, bigoted, misogynist and homophobic. In brief, if you voted for Trump, you were a troglodyte with a gun.

For these two stereotypified factions to clash, American culture would have to stop pulsating like a nerve end on opioids. Because we interface in cyberspace to a greater extent every day and that alternate reality makes second by second change its métier, we cannot expect a passionate clash now will remain in our digitalized memory banks.

Although there is no clarity to what might be the casus belli of a coming civil war, there is clarity to the history taking us to where we are now.

It deserves to be summarized if we are to position ourselves reliably in our 2020 election decisions.

II. The Journey to Where We Are Now

The Dow Jones didn’t cross the 1000 mark until 1972. Savings accounts paid 8% and so no one was pushed into the stock market. The market climbed when Reagan replaced a reliable income based on wages with speculative investment, which spurred the growth of the financial sector.

Working for wages and savings accounts with reputable returns were replaced by investing in a stochastic market and pipe dreams of a bottom 40% starting a business. Profiteers of Viet-nam with loads of money to invest in the tax friendly environment that Reagan created replaced the now diminished “working class hero,” the lunch pail, GI Joe who with the help of the G.I. Bill, the unionizing victories of John L. Lewis and Walter Reuter, among many others, shaped a middle class.

Economic theory set up market rule as the horse driving the cart of egalitarian democracy. It drove that cart right into plutarchy. Labor failed to set up its own political party and suffered the consequences, until by the time Bill Clinton was in office the assaults on workers and wages meant very little in a Democratic Party focused on leaning into neoliberal economics and soon into multicultural and identity politics. At a time when wages hadn’t gone beyond 1973 levels, Democrats were concentrating on bathroom rights.

By 2004, the effects of market rule, of making interest and dividends from investment a fulfillment of the American dream as money compounded into ever increasing amounts of money, siloed from any injurious taxation, some 80% of the population were hurting but also befuddled, rather like someone in a dark closet being hit but blind to who the hitter might be.

Obama’s “Yes, We Can!” met the emotional needs of this suffering class, which like the big skies of Montana do not pay the grocery bills. It was as passionate an attachment to voters as Trump was to achieve 12 years later, the passions though being diametrically opposed. Obama was at first not aware of the conditions on the ground, of the battle he was in but when awareness arrived, he leaned into the Clintonian affinities with neoliberalism. He put all his eggs into health care, a consequence of something and not the root cause, a symptom of an economic travesty he failed to recognize.

When it became crystal clear after the Great Depression of 2017 that a runaway financial sector had played a long grift on the whole country but paid no price, both Dubya and Obama assuring that no felon would be indicted, the price to be paid was forwarded to the present in the shape of this 40% who want that whole whatever it was that wrecked their lives to be taken apart.

The failure over the course of eight years of a Democratic presidency to focus directly and totally on market rule’s demolishing of a middle class that buffered the country from a fall into plutarchy made the country vulnerable to an autocratic takeover. It should be no surprise that the American version of an autocratic demagogue would be some sort of spin, spectacle and glitz celebrity, perhaps a Reality TV celebrity, a clown in orange wig and makeup, the American version of an autocrat. We go hyperreal as naturally as tides follow the moon.

Some 80% of the population has been in various stages of demolishment since Reagan and they have solid reasons for messing with the Democratic/Republican order of things, something that Trump does to his followers’ cheers.

Sixteen years of Clinton and Obama did nothing to end this travesty: Five Americans have as much wealth…. It’s an astonishing failure. Wages sank beneath inflation as corporate decisions not to raise them faced no challenge by diminished unions or Republican legislatures. Clinton and Obama adopted the same view of unions as did the Republicans: they were run by gangsters and impeded economic growth.

Our politics pretends to be pitching from two different directions but it’s not.

It’s been a profits first, Market Rule one party system since Reagan. Until Bernie Sanders came on the scene, there has been no attack on unbridled capitalism that was launched by Democrats, who have a New Deal behind them while the Republicans have Reagan’s Voodoo economics.

The DNC undermined Bernie’s chances to win the 2016 Democratic Primary because his platform touched a third rail that they share with Republicans. Bernie dared to attack capitalism. Elizabeth Warren has more cleverly planned her attack now, admitting she is a “capitalist to the bone,” by which she means a foundational capitalism and not the politically uncontrollable Devourer Demogorgon that it has become.

III. Where We Are Now

We should, by now have reached the point in the road in which we try to avoid the worst in us being encouraged or elected into office. We should be able to recognize when we’re being incited to riot, to hate, to drown out other voices, to be ready to do “whatever is necessary” as if there was ever a justifying end.

Passions are not reasons, but actually devoid of reason. And, as passions do, they have a short fuse life span. Volatile emotional responses must be rekindled, stoked and fired up, sometimes with a tweet in the early morning hours. Buttons must be pushed and re-pushed in a society that effervesces at nano speed.

Donald J. Trump has obliged this need, although it’s clear that he’s digging what he calls the Losers into a hole they can only get out of if they don’t respond to all the buttons of irrational response.

And we must admit that some productions of our reptilian brain, of the darker devils of our humanity, the twisted tree of our nature from homophobia and racism to misogyny and every variety of ethnic and religious prejudice have deep roots. Neither Marx nor Adam Smith have cured the disease at these roots; neither the Bible or the Koran, Sophocles or Shakespeare, prosperity gospel preacher, Paula White or Lao Tzu, Jeff Bezos or Pierre Joseph-Proudhon. A political or economic solution to the worst in us is itself a kind of hubris.

We have been deterred and detoured from reaching that point in the road where we recognize how democracy has moved to plutocracy, and how the White House is now occupied by a man who broadcasts his vileness on Twitter.

Detoured from reason, perhaps, because our Market Rule pushes the same buttons while ridiculing and extracting efforts to educate, to inform and critically think, politics is not going to follow the path of rational dialogue, but those advertising, marketing and branding practices that pitch low to reach the many.

Confused and confounded, perhaps, because we spend so much time in a cyberspace alternate reality in which all our blindness and stupidities, all our thoughtlessness and baseless opinions find a welcoming home. Errant minds can easily find there other misguided, errant wanderers in a digital world, a confused, tangled world, curated in soundproof silos.

It’s a space new, except to those who have been born within it and the “off-line”world, and so how it affects our politics is something we are in the process of learning. Our elections. Yes. The President’s hold on his followers. Yes. The rise of neo-fascist/white supremacist groups. Yes. The failure of 4th and 8th graders to pass reading comprehension tests. Yes.

My assumption in this last tragedy is that social media, texting and tweeting and posting photos are productive if the goal is to reduce the cognitive faculties of a mass of people scheduled for extinction axiomatically by techno-semio capitalism. In this scenario, the Smartphone is a handheld soma tablet.

We would not be urged to just read the transcript of Trump’s phone conversation with Zelensky in order to conclude with the President that it was a “perfect” call if the American public were able to find meaning in words resistant to spin and alternative meanings. Or, more precisely, we are at a place where words mean as Humpty Dumpty said they mean: “What any speaker says they mean.” Speakers in position of power, as our friend Humpty presumes himself to me, want words to bend to their will.

But all is not spun and manufactured in spite of the fact that we live in a morass of mindless opinions.

In our present looming shadow of war among ourselves, there are legitimate grievances, anger and worn out patience, a lingering sense of having been cheated that has been in search of some relief since Reagan activated a collapse of a middle class and headed us toward a new Middle Ages. So many have been in search of a personality who could make them feel good about themselves again. I say personality and not ideas because America personalizes, it doesn’t theorize.

Donald J. Trump filled that role of watchable personality but remember passions not reasons led a forever unknown number of the 40% of the population to him. A red hat with a slogan does not necessarily mean racist or even “un-woke.” It doesn’t mean Burke style conservative or Friedman style neoliberal or Clinton style globalist. We have warring camps of not ideas but red baseball hats and rainbow flags.

Another unknown portion of the Republican Party has reasons to stay with Trump, dollars and cents reasons. One has to allow that very many Democratic portfolio holders who shout “Never Trump” will in the privacy of the voting booth vote for dollars and cents reasons.

The portfolio dividend class, which spans both parties, will have thought deeply about what, say, a President Elizabeth Warren will do to their stock portfolio.

Perhaps, their perception that this man, President Trump, is a very low form of life and that another four years of him will put the country where the climate is, that is, on an irreparable road to ruin, propel them to vote for a woman who has a plan to reverse what Ronald Reagan did in two terms as president, i.e., fashion a Winner/Loser culture, serfs and peasants/aristos and moguls and schedule the middle class for extinction. As the saying goes, I wouldn’t hold my breath for this.

There is only one way most likely that would bring the portfolio class of Trump supporters over to Warren’s side: a promise not to mess with their wealth amassing arrangements.

Warren won’t do this and neither would Bernie. For all the rest, notably Biden and Buttigieg, they have to signal that, except for a few tweaks, the sort of “free enterprise” that has made five individuals more prosperous than 50% of the entire population will be preserved. That order of things, which suits a top 1% and the next 20% meritocratic/professional class that serves them, can go on relatively undisturbed.

Mayor Pete, after all, is a perfect product of this chosen meritocratic means to preserve our egalitarian democracy. Sarcasm aside, it’s a terrible means given the fact that our societal level playing field is about as level as it was in France before their revolution. For every American born into the bottom quintile who rises up the meritocratic ladder and avoids imprisonment, there are multitudes who compost right in the lowly digs where they started.

It doesn’t matter if in the next quarter century, the middle class changes from white dominant to race-plural if reading levels of African Americans and Hispanics remain the same. And judging by the direction education is taking under DeVoss, but more significantly, the way in which investors see education as a new marketing frontier, a race-plural middle class will not climb the meritocratic ladder as Mayor Pete has.

The circumstances that enabled his rise cannot become a template and neither can a product of such arrange the change that is needed.

Middle Class Joe Biden is also for the portfolio class a tempting alternative to Trump.

If Biden were a race horse, you could pedigree him this way: Biden out of Obama out of the Clinton’s out of Third Way out of neoliberal economics. Third Way is what an FDR kind of Democratic Party collapsed into once they decided a Democratic had to lean into the Republican political party and give capitalism its head, no pulling on the reins, otherwise the whole foundation of globalized supremacy would collapse.

Biden would be in a dead heat to out trump Trump in the key rust belt states, but if he did win, the country would wake up to find they were in the same place they were before Trump came along. And that means some new version of Trump, like Nero succeeded Caligula, is in the wings.

One problem with one or the other of these middle of the road candidates is that they won’t do much to allay the fears, hatreds, bitterness, confusions and a revolutionary’s sense of being cheated, over and over again.

A Democratic president at this time would be like a shot fired at Fort Sumter. Amend that: Elizabeth Warren would be that. The others would be Roman candles.

No moderate Democrat can moderate the furor resulting from a Trump loss, especially if he rallies his followers behind “Fraud at the Poll!”

The immediate relief a President Warren would give all the Rust Belt states is by taking away their employee and union medical benefits and asking them to queue up at the nearest Social Security Office where a Federal Government they have learned to love and trust will call their number in several hours. If they are aware of this on election day, Trump will get his second term.

Thus far, none of the Democratic candidates have a “gone viral” on YouTube celebrity status, a requirement now for our hyperreal politics as hyperreal entertainment. None now seem likely to out bluster and bullshit Trump in any debate.

Unfortunately, the candidate who has the presence and especially the gravelly, many roads travelled voice — Ohio’s Senator Sherrod Brown — to win over the rust belt demographic, and also charismatically school Trump in any debate, is not running. The crime here is that the DNC made no all out effort to induce him to run.

A party pitching its tent in choosing a candidate who represents every form of diversity of the population is as interested in a 66 year old white, heterosexual male candidate as they were interested in a socialist candidate in 2016.

Unfortunately, the states needed for an Electoral College win – Michigan, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin – may not be as attracted to a diversity candidate as the Democratic Party is. They also continue to be not overly interested in candidates who base their politics on the working class and their fall from honored or even reputable status in the U.S. It’s their identity Brown focuses on.

The only reason why we’re talking about Biden and not Sherrod Brown early on is name recognition. And that can be traced to a portfolio class’s uninterest in supporting a labor candidate. Buttigieg, who had less name recognition than Brown, seems to have no trouble pulling in funding from the financial sector, which in itself should be a warning.

IV. Over and Over Again Impeachment

Regardless of the obtuse and lackluster Democratic field, the portfolio Republicans may chance a bet on any Democrat but Warren simply because they know another four years of Donald will most certainly mean another House impeachment.

For the preservation of our balance of powers democracy, it doesn’t matter if Mitch McConnell dismisses the Articles as soon as they are brought up. What matters is getting the House’s reasons for impeachment on the record. This President was impeached but not convicted. The House doesn’t have to wait for the election. They could bring another round of impeachment charges, all those in the Mueller report as well as all those out of Trump’s own mouth.

Once Trump is not convicted in the Senate, he will not only take a victory lap, he’ll push ahead with even more flagrant abuses of executive authority. Because he is only familiar with his own understanding of anything, he remains capable of abuses that more historically savvy and informed autocrats, some as equally vile but not as ego swollen, of the past would hesitate to commit. Trump shows no signs of hesitancy; Twitter reversals are made as boldly as Twitter declarations.

How many times can Republicans dismiss all the Articles of Impeachment the House of Representative sends to them before their moral nerve is touched, when the occasion for a moral review materializes?

Actually, if there were a moral sense floating around in the Republican Party, dollars and lobbyists would guide its expression.

“Moral hazard,” for instance, is not faced when a legislator shills for a transparently mad, bad and dangerous to know president. Nor does it kick in when you survey the Trump Twitter Archive  which eventually will fill a Trump Library as a terrible lesson never to be forgotten, a visit to a Holocaust library.

It’s ironic that those who have been crushed beneath “supply-side/Laffer Curve” economics look to a rich, unscrupulous capitalist as their savior. Ironic, yet again, that those who vote based on their moral obligations adhere to Trump’s “grab them by their pussy” beatitude. But irony doesn’t ring when the Reptilian brain is directing traffic.

Most of the country that David Brooks toured to gauge where The People were at regarding impeachment didn’t seem much interested. If Trump wins a second term, they will most likely remain uninterested, more interested in climate change, especially if fire, drought, flood and wind has ruined their homestead. (The New York Times, Oct. 31, 2019_

Where Donald J. Trump will take the portfolio class, the throng in red hats, the gentrifiers, the Coastals and everyone in “fly over” America in his second term will probably be where a gone wild autocrat unchecked by a Congress or by a “fake news” press or by his own intelligence community or by any of his acting cabinet appointees or by his trophy wife or by Ivanka and Jared takes him and them.

Adam Schiff may find himself under arrest; Pelosi cellmates with Hillary; Bernie and Warren held on treason charges; Bezos’s holdings shut down; The New York Times building a victim of eminent domain; the Congress abolished. And so on.

As long as the market grows and preserves the wealth of the top 20% and as long as second term President Trump entertains his followers with new targets to hate, most Americans can continue to be uninterested in the crimes committed against themselves and their country.

Winning control of the Senate and retaining control of the House is more vital in the 2020 election than who becomes president.

In that way, the inevitable abuses of power that President Trump commits in that second term will not go without impeachment and conviction.

If the second Civil War begins then one could conclude that Trump’s followers’ anger has segued into war, that passions had a sustaining force that thought could not interrupt.

Posted in USAComments Off on In the Looming Shadow of Civil War

Class War Violence: Centralia 1919

by AARON GOINGS, BRIAN BARNES, AND ROGER SNIDER

“The Resurrection of Wesley Everest,” mural depicting IWW figures from the Centralia Massacre. Photograph Source: Richard Coit – CC BY-SA 4.0


November 11, 2019, will mark the 100-year anniversary of the Armistice Day Tragedy in Centralia, Washington, a horrible event in Pacific Northwest history. On Armistice Day, 1919, a mob of American Legionaires raided the Centralia Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) hall and later lynched Wesley Everest, an IWW logger.

Many Pacific Northwest residents remain engaged in debates about the facts of the incident. Unfortunately, it’s common to hear calls for “balance” in discussions of the tragedy. Balance? Balance between the perspectives of the vigilante lynch mob and the working-class radicals fighting to form a union? Balance between the wealthy men who raided union halls and lynched Wesley Everest, and those who struggled to improve their worklives?

Those who support the employer, vigilante, and American Legion perspective are in luck. In downtown Centralia, they have a monument to the bosses who terrorized working-class radicals throughout the Pacific Northwest. Walking through downtown Centralia today, it’s difficult to miss the massive “Sentinel” statue, a tribute to the American Legion vigilantes who died while attacking the IWW hall.

Rejecting the false “balance” between working-class activist and employing-class vigilante, Brian Barnes and Roger Snider joined me in penning The Red Coast: Radicalism and Anti-Radicalism in Southwest Washington, published earlier this year by Oregon State University Press. We aimed to provide a working-class perspective on many of the labor struggles of the early twentieth century Pacific Northwest, including the Armistice Day Tragedy in Centralia. What follows is a chapter from the book entitled “Class War: Centralia 1919.”

Excerpt from The Red Coast: Radicalism and Anti-Radicalism in Southwest Washington by Aaron Goings, Brian Barnes, and Roger Snider, copyright © 2019. Available from booksellers or from Oregon State University Press, 1-800-621-2736.

“Around Centralia are wooded hills; men have been beaten beneath these trees and lynched from them. The beautiful Chehalis River flows near by; Wesley Everest was left dangling from one of its bridges. But Centralia is provokingly pretty for all that. It is small wonder that lumber trust henchmen wish to keep it all for themselves.”

– Ralph Chaplin, The Centralia Conspiracy

The Centralia American Legion and the leading businessmen of that city had more than a parade in mind when they gathered on November 11, 1919, to celebrate Armistice Day. Apparently believing that the spectacle of political violence would enhance the patriotic experience, they concocted a plan to raid the Centralia IWW Hall. IWW halls were of great practical and symbolic importance to workers. As Wobbly activist and historian Ralph Chaplin explains, the halls were loved by workers, but despised by employers. These “churches of the movement,” as public historian Robert Weyeneth called them, represented the closest thing to a home for many wandering IWW members. Chaplin noted:

“It is here the men can gather around a crackling wood fire, smoke their pipes and warm their souls with the glow of comradeship. Here they can, between jobs or after work, discuss the vicissitudes of their daily lives, read their books and magazines and sing their songs of solidarity, or merely listen to the “tinned” humor or harmony of the much prized Victrola. Also they here attend to the affairs of their union—line up members, hold business and educational meetings and a weekly “open forum.”

So, as the parading legionnaires passed the hall for the second time, they paused, then charged the hall, only to be surprised by the spirited defense they encountered. A volley of gunfire dropped three of the attackers, but the mob continued to press home its attack, capturing the hall. One additional legionnaire was killed in pursuit of Wesley Everest, who escaped out the back but was later captured and dragged by the neck to the jail. Later that night, he joined the ranks of IWW martyrs when he was lynched at the hands of Centralia businessmen and patriots, none of whom were ever prosecuted for his gruesome murder.

The Armistice Day 1919 Centralia event is perhaps the single most written about event involving the IWW in the entire state of Washington. Analysis of the event has been extremely polarized, as interests representing the employing class and the working class have contested its meaning. And because of competing accounts, affidavits, and testimony, even some of the most basic facts of the case will probably never be established conclusively. What is perfectly clear is that the Centralia story must be understood in the context of the class struggle that had been raging on the Red Coast for over a decade and which had surfaced in Centralia since at least 1914. As all of the working-class accounts of the Centralia event note, violence and lawlessness were defining characteristics of the employers’ approach to this conflict.

The IWW served as the most logical target of employers’ violence and repression because, since its inception in 1905, it represented the most advanced, class conscious, and revolutionary element of the working class in this country. The patriotic fervor of the First World War and fear that the Russian Revolution would heighten class consciousness among American workers only intensified persecution of the Wobblies. Sensing an opportunity, employers engaged both the state and the public in their efforts to crush the hated IWW. Nationally, the federal government enforced the wartime Espionage and Sedition Acts against the IWW and other radicals to imprison and deport many. In September of 1917, the federal government raided IWW halls across the country and indicted more than 160 leaders of the organization.

At the state and local level, class warfare raged as employers mobilized both the state and the mob to lash out at class-conscious workers. Washington State was one of the great theaters of this conflict, as the teens witnessed the Grays Harbor and Pacific County Lumber Strike of 1912, multiple free speech fights, the 1916 Everett Massacre, and the 1919 Seattle General Strike.

In Centralia, this war against workers effectively merged employers’ traditional weapons—a cooperative police, a captive legal system, and vigilante citizens’ committees—with the anti-radicalism and patriotism of the American Legion, a veterans’ organization at the fore of anti-radical activities.

The American Legion described Centralia like this: “The city is the center of a rich timber district and the logging camps of the northwest are infested with bearers of the red card, who boast that in many districts membership in the I.W.W. is a requisite to employment.” The leadership of the Centralia Legion read like a roster of Centralia businessmen and the Legion became essentially a front organization, even the vanguard, for Northwest lumber bosses. In the words of Wobbly Ralph Chaplin, “The American Legion began to function as a cat’s paw for the men behind the scenes.” Indeed, there was nothing secret about the role of the Legion in the class war. The National Commander of the American Legion declared in 1923: “If ever needed, the American Legion stands ready to protect our country’s institutions and ideals as the Fascisti dealt with the destructionists who menaced Italy. . . . Do not forget that the Fascisti are to Italy what the American Legion is to the United States.”

Representatives of capital did not shy away from class conflict. An IWW organizer was run out of Centralia by the sheriff in 1914, and in early 1915 more Wobblies were “escorted” out of town by police and vigilantes. According to historian John McClelland, the local paper, the Centralia Chronicle, applauded anti-Wobbly repression and stated that it was everyone’s responsibility to keep rebel workers out of Centralia. Tom Lassiter, a partially blind newsstand operator whose stock included labor and radical papers, was victimized by the business interest on several occasions. At various times, his radical papers were destroyed, he was threatened, arrested, kidnapped, and dumped in a ditch. Yet no one was ever prosecuted for any of these acts of class violence. In Centralia, it was clear, the law was a weapon in the hands of the propertied class.

Perhaps inevitably, class conflict in Centralia came to center on the struggle to establish and defend an IWW union hall. As Chaplin notes, the “union halls were a standing challenge to their [the employers’] hitherto undisputed right to the complete domination of the forests. . . . They were not going to tolerate the encroachments of the One Big Union of the lumber workers.” In 1917, an IWW attempt to establish a hall was met with great hostility in the employer-dominated town, and the landlord evicted the Wobblies on learning of their identity. In the spring of 1918, Centralia employers targeted the town’s new IWW hall. During a Red Cross parade, prominent businessmen, including members of the Centralia Elks, and political officials attacked and destroyed it. They beat IWW members and burned hall property and records in a street bonfire. F. B. Hubbard, the most prominent of the Centralia timber barons and president of the Washington Employers’ Association, stole the desk from the Wobbly Hall and donated it to the local Chamber of Commerce. Despite the intimidation of the business leaders, the local IWW secretary, Britt Smith, opened a new hall on north Tower Avenue on September 1, 1919. It was clear for all to see that the IWW was not easily intimidated, but neither were their enemies.

In July 1919, George Russell, secretary of the Washington Employers’ Association, called a meeting of the Centralia Chamber of Commerce to find a way to destroy the IWW. F. B. Hubbard was picked to head a group designed to accomplish that objective. Although this was not the first meeting of Centralia business interests to combat the Wobbly threat, it marked a new level of organization on the part of capital that would not tolerate the affront the new IWW Hall afforded to its dominance.

Plans to rid themselves of the enemy intensified with the formation of the Centralia Citizens Protective Association, the purpose of which, according to one local paper, was “to combat IWW activities in this vicinity.” Local businessmen were members of the Chamber of Commerce, the Centralia Elks, and the American Legion; many belonged to more than one of these organizations. Although the plans called for greater secrecy as to the specific methods to rid themselves of the Wobblies, too many people were aware of the plans to keep it secret. Word began to leak out, and soon it became public knowledge that the IWW would be driven out of town. Once the Armistice Day Parade was planned, the Wobblies knew that this was the pretense to attack their hall, destroy their property, and assault them.

Initially, IWW members acted with uncommon prudence in attempting to prevent a violent attack on their hall. The owners of the Roderick Hotel, which housed the union hall and from whom the IWW rented, went to the local police with information about the planned attack. IWW members requested police protection. A trusted attorney, Elmer Smith, sought help from Governor Louis F. Hart in Olympia. The Wobblies even made a desperate appeal to the entire community. They distributed a lengthy handbill “to the law-abiding citizens of Centralia and to the working class in general,” which said, in part, “The profiteering class of Centralia have of late been waving the flag of our country in an endeavor to incite the lawless element of our city to raid our hall and club us out of town.” But Wobbly pleas to avoid violence fell on deaf ears, and the police chief declined protection.

Finally, as a last resort, the Wobblies sought legal advice from attorney Elmer Smith to determine whether they had the legal right to defend their hall with arms. Smith affirmed that they did. This was a major move on the part of the IWW. Although it had always shown remarkable restraint, the IWW was a defiant and proud group of class-conscious workers, and by November 1919 in Centralia Washington the Wobblies had had enough of the beatings, enough of the tar and featherings, enough of the destruction of their meager property, enough of the humiliation, and enough of the criminally brutal business-patriotic element. They would defend their hall, and plans for its self-defense were laid. Radical historian Harvey O’Conner opined: “Prudent men, valuing their own skins, would have closed the hall in the face of the obvious threat. But prudence was not a Wobbly trait. Rather their shining glory stood out

in audacity, courage, and stubbornness in defense of their rights, and for that they are remembered in history.”

As the Armistice Day Parade got under way on the drizzly and ill-fated afternoon of November 11, 1919, the Wobblies made ready to defend their hall. They positioned armed men inside the hall and also in three locations outside the hall: in the Avalon and Arnold Hotels on the opposite (east) side of the street, and on Seminary Hill which overlooked the street from some considerable distance away. The parade route took the marchers north on Tower Avenue past the main business district to Third Street, the next side street past the IWW Hall, in a section of town occupied by businesses catering to the working class. At Third Street the marchers reversed direction to return now southbound on Tower Avenue with the Centralia American Legion contingent making up the rear of the parade. In front of the IWW Hall, the marchers paused and then rushed the hall.

Shots rang out from the hall and then from Seminary Hill and the Avalon Hotel. Three Legionnaires—Warren Grimm, Arthur McElfresh, and Ben Cassagranda—received fatal wounds on the streets near the hall, and Dale Hubbard, the nephew of the lumbar baron F. B. Hubbard, was shot by a fleeing Wesley Everest at the edge of the Skookumchuck river. Hubbard died later that night. Several other marchers were injured, and the IWW Hall was smashed and its contents dragged to the street and burned. Wesley Everest was severely beaten and dragged back into town and thrown in a heap on the jail floor. One of the marchers who pursued Everest to the river and presumably helped drag him to the jail was Legionnaire Ed Cunningham, who was picked by the American Legion to become the Special Prosecutor in the trial against the Centralia Wobblies. According to the Legion account, “Cunningham was able to use his first-hand knowledge of the tragedy to telling effect.”

In many of their clashes with the working class, employers hired detective agencies or relied on local or state police to combat workers, but in Centralia the American Legion served as the armed guard of the employing class. As news of the event spread, the American Legion assumed control of the town, controlled the flow of information, formed vigilante groups to hunt down suspected Wobblies, and raided establishments and homes. In touting the Legion takeover, the American Legion Weekly stated, “Though the office of the Sheriff and the Chief of Police assisted as much as possible, their forces were small and their aid nominal,” and “Posses which scoured the country about Centralia in search of fugitives were made up almost exclusively of American Legion men”

That evening, two meetings were held at the Elks Club in which the murder of Wesley Everest was conceivably planned. At about five o’clock a group of men was told to go the armory for weapons and return to the Elks at six o’clock. At the six o’clock meeting, all assembled men who were not members of the Elks or the American Legion were asked to leave. In effect, this left the established business class and the Legion, those that could most be trusted to carry out a class lynching and protect those involved in it. This meeting lasted until about seven o’clock. At seven-thirty, someone visited the city’s power station and shut off all the lights in Centralia. Meanwhile, a lynching party entered the jail where Wesley Everest was held. The lynching party—meeting no opposition from the jailer—seized Everest and dragged him to a waiting automobile.

The automobile that held Everest fell in with a procession of automobiles containing Centralia’s most prominent citizens, and proceeded to the Chehalis River Bridge. Radical author Harvey O’Conner graphically described the scene:

“At the bridge Everest was dragged out and rope knotted around his neck, and his body flung over. Everest clutched at a plank; Legionnaires stamped on his fingers, and he fell. Dissatisfied with the knot, the lynchers pulled the body back up and used a longer rope, and hurled the body over again. Still dissatisfied, they hauled Everest body up a third time—by then he must have been dead—and tied a more professional knot on a longer rope and flung the body over. Then with carlights playing on the scene, they amused themselves awhile by shooting at the swaying body. Satiated at last, the mob left and darkness returned. Next morning somebody cut the rope and the body fell into the Chehalis River.”

The next day, Everest’s mutilated body was retrieved from the river, dumped on the jail floor, and left for two days in plain view of his imprisoned fellow workers. As Centralia’s authorities were no doubt complicit in the lynching, no attempt was ever made to bring the Everest’s murderers to justice. As the Legion-led posses combed the surrounding area for more Wobblies, state authorities interrogated the jailed Wobblies by day as the enraged mobs terrorized them by night. In the woods surrounding Centralia, one posse member was shot and killed when he was mistaken by another for a Wobbly. This shooting, first reported as a murder committed by a Wobbly, was later ruled an accident.

As this reign of terror continued in southwest Washington, the commercial press continued to churn out propagandistic accounts of how the Wobblies ambushed and murdered America’s finest young men in the streets of Centralia. Characteristic of this treatment was the front-page article in the Chehalis Bee-Nugget: “IWW Shoot into Armistice Day Parade in Centralia Tuesday. Warren Grimm, Arthur McElfresh, Dale Hubbard, and Ben Cassagranda Killed by the Assassins.” Authorities, businessmen, and Legionnaires combined to attack workers in other parts of the state and in neighboring Oregon. In Seattle, the Department of Justice seized the Union Record, the official organ of the Seattle Central Labor Council, and arrested its staff, including Harry Ault and Anna Louise Strong, on charges of sedition.

The passions that this class war engendered were still highly visible on January 26, 1920, when eleven Wobblies, including Elmer Smith, the attorney who advised the IWW members that they had the legal right to defend their hall, were brought to trial in the town of Montesano, the county seat of neighboring Grays Harbor County. The defense faced many obstacles in the trial, beginning with a huge resource disparity. The Wobblies were represented by George Vanderveer with occasional help from his law partner, Ralph Pierce, and attorney Elmer Smith, himself a defendant in the case. Meanwhile, Special Prosecutor Ed Cunningham led a staff of six attorneys, whom Vanderveer referred to as the attorneys for the lumber trust. The Luke May Secret Service, a private detective agency paid for by lumber company funds, aided them.

Finally, the American Legion recruited some fifty uniformed veterans to sit in on the trial by day, presumably to influence the jury. They were paid four dollars a day from funds contributed by the lumber companies and the Elks. The prosecution certainly lived up to its reputation as the counsel for the lumber trust. Special Prosecutor Cunningham was himself deeply involved in the Armistice Day violence. He was one of the members of the mob that pursued Everest to the Skookumchuck River and helped drag him to jail. He watched while the mob broke into the jail and kidnapped Everest, and was alleged to have witnessed his murder. Historian Tom Copeland observed that “as Cunningham built the case against the Wobblies, he was also shielding himself from any potential legal action for his role in the raid and lynching.”

Cunningham’s team successfully fought off a change of venue request, claiming there was no prejudice against the IWW in either Centralia or Montesano. In a clear attempt to intimidate anyone willing to testify for the defense, the prosecution had two defense witnesses arrested for perjury when they finished their testimony. The prosecution called on the governor to have troops from Camp Lewis sent to Montesano to stand guard outside the courtroom, thereby frightening the jury into thinking that an IWW attack was imminent.

The trial was, in fact, a mere extension of the class war, a political trial in which the authorities put the IWW on trial while pretending to adhere to the rule of law. The judge, John M. Wilson, insisted that he could try the case impartially, despite the fact that he had delivered an anti-IWW speech in the nearby town of Bucoda and had addressed the memorial service at the Centralia Elks commemorating the Legionnaires who had been killed during the Armistice Day Parade. Wilson rejected the defense’s request for a change of venue from Montesano, disallowed much of the evidence that Vanderveer tried to introduce during the trial, and made numerous prejudicial rulings that favored the prosecution and infuriated the defense. Vanderveer captured the trial’s essence in his closing statement. The prosecutors, he told the jury, “have told you this was a murder trial, and not a labor trial. But vastly more than the lives of ten men are the stakes in the big gamble here; for the right of workers to organize for the bettering of their own condition is on trial; the right of free assemblage is on trial; democracy and Americanism are on trial.”

“In view of such a charged atmosphere,” Albert Gunns contended, “the final verdict of the jury was moderate.” The prosecution sought a first-degree murder verdict for all of the defendants, but the jury did not agree. Elmer Smith, the Wobbly attorney, was acquitted, along with one other defendant. Seven defendants were convicted of second-degree murder, and one young defendant was judged legally insane. The jury attached to their verdict a written request for leniency in sentencing, but Judge Wilson rendered stiff sentences ranging from 25 to 40 years in the state penitentiary in Walla Walla.

Irish immigrant James McInerney, himself a veteran of the Everett Massacre and victim of torture while in the Centralia jail, died while imprisoned, “murdered,” the Industrial Worker proclaimed, “by the Capitalist class.” Most of the remaining prisoners remained incarcerated until 1933, when Governor Clarence Martin commuted their sentences.

Several jurors were clearly uneasy with their decision, believing that they were not allowed to hear all of the important evidence. “Remarkably, two years after the trial,” Robert Weyeneth concludes, “seven of the twelve jurors voluntarily repudiated their verdict.” No member of the employing class or its “cat paws” was ever charged or even investigated for Everest’s murder or the Armistice Day hall raid that ushered in the Centralia Tragedy.

Posted in Literature, PoliticsComments Off on Class War Violence: Centralia 1919

Iran to exchange nuclear secrets with Persian Gulf “partners”

By VT Editors –

…from Press TV,

– First published … November 10, 2019 –

The head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Ali Akbar Salehi says the Islamic Republic is ready to exchange with the Persian Gulf countries its experience with regard to developing nuclear technology and cooperate with them.

Iran’s nuclear chief made the remarks on Sunday while addressing a ceremony held in the southern port city of Bushehr to start construction of the second and third reactors of the Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant.

Noting that one of the main issues facing the Persian Gulf states in their efforts to build nuclear power plants is local contractors, Salehi said, “With regard to the Persian Gulf littoral states, which have adopted a new approach to the use of nuclear technology, the Islamic Republic of Iran is ready for scientific cooperation and transfer of experiences” to those countries.

He added that a great achievement of building the Bushehr plant is that it has become completely indigenized six years after its inauguration. so that Installation of equipment and devices is currently being conducted by Iranian experts.

A high-ranking official at the AEOI said in October that the country’s nuclear activities have been entirely indigenized and the Islamic Republic has become self-sufficient in designing and manufacturing different types of centrifuge machines.

“One-hundred percent of Iran’s nuclear industry activities have been indigenized and today, we are self-sufficient in designing and manufacturing various kinds of centrifuges,” Ali Asghar Zare’an, special assistant to the AEOI head, said.

Elsewhere in his speech, Salehi said that the second and third units of Bushehr plant will be inaugurated in the next six to eight years.

“The inauguration of the new units will avert the annual emission of more than 21 million tonnes of pollutant gas,” Salehi said, adding that in power plants operating on fossil fuel, 11 million barrels of crude oil are required to generate 1,000 megawatts of electricity per year, while the three units of the Bushehr plant are expected to cut out the annual consumption of 33 million barrels of crude oil, which makes them economically feasible.

“If the oil price is currently set at 60 dollars per barrel, 660 million dollars will be saved annually. This is while some 70 million dollars are spent per annum to buy fuel and devices for the Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant,” the AEOI chief said.

He noted that the construction of every power plant requires five billion dollars, saying, “The total revenue earned during the useful life of this power plant will amount to 660 billion dollars. As a result, the cost [of building the power plant] will be returned in a matter of six years and the remaining revenue will be added value.”

Meanwhile, Mahmoud Jafari, the contractor for the Bushehr Power Plant, told the Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA) that the excavation operation for the second unit of the plant started three years ago, while eight percent of the construction work for the third unit has already been completed.

He added that the construction of the second and third units of the plant will be finished in a period of 10 years in line with nuclear safety standards.

Jafari noted that the Nuclear Power Production & Development Company of Iran and Russia’s Atomstroyexport signed a contract for the construction of the second and third units of Bushehr plant some five years ago.

“The agreement includes the designing, construction and inauguration of two units of nuclear reactors, each with a capacity to generate 1,057 megawatts of electric power,” the official added.

Zarakova

Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova in July affirmed her country’s resolve to keep up cooperation with Iran at the Bushehr plant, defying illegal US sanctions against the Islamic Republic.

She hailed the construction of the Bushehr plant as “the Russian flagship project in Iran” and noted that although US sanctions create hurdles for business ties with Iran, Russia “was not standing idle.”

The Russian-built 1,000-megawatt nuclear power plant in Bushehr, southern Iran, started operating in 2011 and reached its full capacity the following year.

In 2014, Russia signed a cooperation contract with Iran to help build the second and third Bushehr reactors, which are scheduled for launch in 2024 and 2026, respectively.

Posted in Middle East, IranComments Off on Iran to exchange nuclear secrets with Persian Gulf “partners”

Exposed as Hate Group: The ADL’s Genocide Legislation Failure

By VT Editors 

Credit: Hrag Vartanian and Jewcy.com

                                          By David Boyajian

Why did I testify at the Massachusetts State House on Oct. 7 against legislation that would require public schools to teach the Jewish Holocaust, Armenian and Greek Genocides, and other genocides and “atrocities”?

Good question, especially as I’m an Armenian American journalist and activist.  My Christian grandparents landed on these shores over 120 years ago.

My answers:

  • A brazenly two-faced, alleged civil/human rights group — the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) — wrote and sponsored the legislation (566 & S.327).
  • The legislation itself has problems.
  • Schools have been utterly careless in scrutinizing the programs and curricula proposed or created by outside organizations such as the ADL.

This article goes far beyond Armenian American issues.  It’s about how the ADL and similar groups intimidate and/or hoodwink respectable American organizations, schools, and institutions.

Genocide hypocrisy

The ADL continually demands worldwide recognition of, reparations for, and legislation on the Holocaust.

Yet the ADL long denied/diminished the Armenian Genocide that Turkey committed (1915-23).  The ADL also colluded with Turkey to defeat Armenian Genocide resolutions in the U.S. Congress.

Jewish, Israeli, Turkish, and American media have outright admitted this.  So did a fine man, the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum’s Chief of Staff, William S. Parsons (now deceased), in a personal conversation with me.  He was distressed by it.

Such blatant hypocrisy renders the ADL unfit to author legislation or pontificate on any genocide.

Several other major Jewish groups are equally guilty.

Yola Habif Johnston of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA) disclosed in 2006 that AIPAC (American Israel Public Affairs Committee), American Jewish Committee (AJC), B’nai B’rith, and JINSA “have been working with the Turks on this issue” for more than 15 years.

“The Jewish lobby has quite actively supported Turkey in their efforts to prevent the so-called Armenian genocide resolution from passing.”

These Jewish groups would demand apologies and more from any mainstream organization that treated the Holocaust like that.  But they had few qualms about demeaning the Armenian Genocide.

We aren’t blaming these Jewish organizations’ rank-and-file supporters, who have often expressed disgust with their organizations’ hypocrisy.  We fault their leaders.

Trilateral conspiracy unmasked

In 2007, I publicly blew the whistle on the ADL’s war against Armenian Americans.  Many principled Jews and other non-Armenians, joined in.  The resulting scandal exploded across national and international media.

Turkey hurled accusations at Israel because the conspiracy among certain Jewish organizations, Israel, and Turkey to do the latter’s dirty work had been unmasked. At that time, relations between Israel and Turkey hadn’t yet soured.

Two respected, long-established American advocacy organizations, the Armenian National Committee of America (ANCA) and the Armenian Assembly of America (AAA), joined the campaign after a while.

Grassroots Armenian Americans and others did most of the heavy lifting, though, and quite successfully.

ADL gets slapped

Consequently, from 2007-8 a dozen Massachusetts cities and the Massachusetts Municipal Association (which represents the entire state) evicted the ADL’s alleged anti-bias program “No Place for Hate.”

Rarely had the ADL been slapped in the face so hard and so publicly.

New York, Michigan, and California saw similar, though lesser, actions against the ADL.

But like nearly all American organizations who criticize the ADL (and other powerful Jewish political groups), the two Armenian American advocacy groups worried about probable retaliation.

So in mid-to-late 2008 ANCA and AAA dropped out of the campaign. Nevertheless, a small group of activists, including myself, carried on.

For instance, in 2013 then-Governor Deval Patrick nominated Atty. Joseph S. Berman, an ADL National Commissioner, for a Mass. Superior Court judgeship.

Berman subsequently acknowledged he failed to criticize his organization’s genocide hypocrisy prior to 2007.   He was grilled on this and other shortcomings by the elected Governor’s Council, which ratifies judicial nominations.  I testified against Berman.

In 2014, despite the backing of the entire Massachusetts political, legal, and media establishment, Berman lost.  We activists — without ANCA/AAA support — won a stunning victory over the ADL.  Don’t let anyone tell you groups like the ADL can’t be beaten.

A weak deal

Two years later, I alerted ANCA and AAA that predominantly Jewish Newton, Mass. had — perhaps unintentionally — brought an ADL program into its schools despite having thrown out the ADL in 2007.

Unfortunately, ANCA’s Dikran Kaligian, AAA’s Anthony Barsamian, and Middlesex County Sheriff Peter Koutoujian (of Armenian-Irish ancestry) ignored my advice to simply push the ADL out of Newton once again.

They’re good people and have helped the Armenian American community in many ways.

But in 2016 they made a pathetically weak deal with ADL CEO Jonathan Greenblatt.  He acknowledged the Armenian Genocide but only in a “blog” post, not a formal organizational declaration.

The “blog” also said the ADL “would support” — not does or will support — an Armenian Genocide resolution.

The rest of the deal has never been made public.

Andrew Tarsy was the New England ADL Director who was fired in 2007 because he acknowledged the Armenian Genocide.  “Inadequate” was what he rightly termed the ADL’s 2016 deal with ANCA/AAA/Koutoujian.

The ADL, said Tarsy, “ought to lead the conversation about reparations for these [Armenian] families … assets, land … everything that Holocaust reparations … has represented .”

We activists fought and wrote against the bad deal but to no avail.

The ADL’s only “support” for the Congressional resolution came in a letter three years later — a mere 24 hours before an overwhelmingly positive October 2 House resolution vote (405-11) whose success was already assured.

In 2007 Armenian Americans had demanded that as partial moral reparations the ADL must advocate as hard for an Armenian Genocide resolution as it has for Holocaust legislation.  The ADL never did so.

Nor has the self-centered ADL ever apologized to Armenians or made amends.

Regardless, the ADL’s chance to do the right thing expired years ago.

Koutoujian’s ambitions

I place the onus for ANCA/AAA’s weak-kneed 2016 ADL deal on Sheriff Koutoujian.  Like so many ambitious American politicians, he has openly allied himself with numerous Jewish organizations and individuals to advance his career.

During the nomination of the ADL’s Joseph Berman for a judgeship in 2013, for example, Koutoujian privately urged a councilor who opposed Berman to switch her vote.

A Jewish leader had apparently pressed Koutoujian to do this.  Had that councilor done as Koutoujian asked, Berman and the ADL would have won.

In 2014, Koutoujian and thirteen others — mostly local police chiefs — went on an ADL junket to Israel for “counterterrorism” training, which is obvious nonsense. Curiously, Koutoujian happened to be the only sheriff.  A Mass. sheriff’s main responsibility is running county jails.

But even had the ADL never warred against Armenian Americans, it still wouldn’t qualify as a civil/human rights organization.

More bad ADL behavior

We can only skim the surface here of the swamp of ADL’s bad behavior.

In the 1990s and beyond, the ADL settled two civil rights lawsuits for illicitly surveilling thousands of individuals and organizations.  These included the ACLU, Greenpeace, and NAACP as well as civil rights, media, anti-Apartheid, and African/Asian/Hispanic/Jewish/Native American groups.

The ADL also illegally possessed reams of government records, including classified FBI documents.

In 1993, political strings were reportedly pulled at the last moment before a San Francisco grand jury could hear the case.

The ADL did not escape entirely.  It had to pay over $50,000 to the city.

The mainstream media reported this scandal though not nearly enough.

In reality, then, the ADL is really just a political, rather than a civil/human rights, group.

Like most Jewish organizations, the ADL believes that Holocaust denial/diminishment is anti-Semitism and, hence, hate.

By analogy, therefore, the ADL’s denial/diminishment of the Armenian Genocide would apparently make it a hate group.

Dubious genocide legislation

Fast forward to October’s hearing on the ADL’s genocide legislation.

Again, because the ADL has been knee-deep in genocide denial/diminishment, it has no business writing genocide legislation.

Furthermore, the legislation’s text and concept are flawed.

The Holocaust is placed before the Armenian Genocide, even though the latter preceded the former by two decades and was a model for Hitler, who admired Turkey’s brutality.

The legislation refers to “atrocities in Bosnia, Cambodia, Rwanda, and Sudan.”   Some of these, particularly those in Rwanda and Sudan/Darfur, were definitely genocides not mere “atrocities.”

The numerous massacres of Native Americans are not mentioned.

Indeed, I suspect the text includes genocides other than the Holocaust mainly to increase its chances of passage.

Regardless, should genocide instruction as a separate unit be required when so many high school graduates have a poor knowledge of American history, not to mention the ‘Three Rs’?

By law, moreover, the Mass. Dept. of Education already has a unit on genocide which teachers can use.

And some schools already invite organizations such as Facing History and Ourselves to teach genocide history.

Genocide is legitimate history and should be included in history textbooks rather than presented as a wholly separate unit.

Moreover, ANCA and AAA should not, as they did, have explicitly teamed with the disreputable ADL to support this legislation.  Had they wished to support the bills, they could have done so independently.

If this legislation succeeds, the genocide-denying/diminishing ADL may well play a role in writing and teaching the curriculum.  That’s outrageous.

Are schools competent to bring in outside groups to teach genocide or other subjects?

Dubious outside groups

Consider the dozen Massachusetts city governments — often pushed by their so-called ‘human rights commissions’ — and the Mass. Municipal Assoc. that formally approved the ADL’s “No Place for Hate” but later rejected it.

They probably didn’t bother to look into the ADL’s checkered background.  Or did so but didn’t care.  At a minimum, they’re inept.  Other cities and schools across America who have adopted ADL programs must also be inept.

Over one thousand cities, schools, universities, and law-enforcement agencies here and internationally participate in ADL programs such as “No Place for Hate,” “Campus of Difference,” “Classroom of Difference,” “Anti-bullying,” and more.  These curricula purport to instill ‘tolerance and diversity.’

But was the ADL ‘tolerant’ of the civil rights, media, anti-Apartheid, and ethnic groups and individuals it surveilled?  Far from it.  Did the ‘diversity’ of genocides the ADL recognized until recently include the Armenian Genocide?  On the contrary.

Are students in ADL programs told the facts about that organization’s distasteful history?  Doubtful.  That’s not education.  It’s deceit.

Any organization that presumes to inculcate morals into young people must come with clean hands.  That’s not the ADL.

Educators often fail to investigate other outside organizations and programs they bring into schools and libraries.

Consider DragQueenStoryHour (.org).

Hundreds of American public schools and libraries are hosting frightening, bizarrely outfitted, provocative adult drag queens who read to, physically contact, and sometimes strip before young, often pre-school, children.

Some of these drag queens have been convicted of child sex abuse and prostitution.

Problematic organizations that seek to influence unsuspecting students are making schools a battlefield.

Students deserve better.

America’s future leaders should not serve as guinea pigs just so the ADL can advance its political agenda with dubious legislation.

Posted in USA, ZIO-NAZIComments Off on Exposed as Hate Group: The ADL’s Genocide Legislation Failure

Geopolitics in Middle East: What is the Intention of Russia?

By Carol Duff, MSN, BA, RN 

by Enkidu Gilgamesh for Veterans Today

CONTENT

  1. Russian Military Engagement in Syria
  2. Keeping Montreux Contract
  3. Preventing Imperial Attack
  4. Preventing Attack on All Resources
  5. Eliminating Imperial Thugs
  6. Extending Economic Cooperation
  7. Securing Russian Economy from Inside

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In this article I will tell something about the war in Syria, but also give broader perspective on Russian military, economic and diplomatic security measures.

1. Russian Military Engagement in Syria

When the attack on Syria started, one of the imperial targets was to evict Russia from its single external naval base in Tartus.

Strait_Sewastopol_to_Tartus

And, limit, reduce and eliminate free sail of Russian ships into the Mediterranean Sea and impose further economic sanctions and strangulate its economy to bring the Russian Federations to its knees. In wet dreams of cocaine addicted imperial strategy-perverts in Washington, they dreamed of Russia begging for mercy and giving its resources away for free. 

Airstrikes send message to Syria and Russia “that you can’t do this without response”, says U.S. Senator John McCain

Sky News@SkyNews

Airstrikes send message to Syria and Russia “that you can’t do this without response”, says U.S. Senator John McCain553:37 PM – Apr 7, 2017Twitter Ads info and privacy75 people are talking about this

Oct 2015 John McCain: Give the Free Syrian Army the ability to shoot down Russia’s planes

MalinkaTanya P@Malinka1102 · Aug 1, 2016

⤵

12.07.2016#ISIS Uses #US Missile To Shoot Down #RussianHelicopter http://goo.gl/77zZfw 

And remember this

View image on Twitter

the Lemniscat@theLemniscat

Embedded video

Oct 2015
John McCain: Give the Free Syrian Army the ability to shoot down Russia’s planes #Syria
via @Malinka1102154:30 PM – Aug 1, 2016Twitter Ads info and privacy69 people are talking about this

@Ian56789
Russia didn’t want Syria turned into a #FailedState like Libya & entered the war on Sept 30th 2015. They started bombing 100’s of ISIS oil tanker trucks and oil fields with just 35 planes. ISIS revenues were cut by 50% & things turned around.

D_yOR2dXYAAGmH3
https://pbs.twimg.com/media/D_yOR2dXYAAGmH3?format=jpg&name=small

As the tables have been turned, the results are accordingly in contrast to imperial intentions.

Russia takes over Syrian port of Tartus
April 24, 2019
https://www.portseurope.com/russia-takes-over-syrian-port-of-tartus/

Russia is expected to sign by the end of April a 49-year lease contract for the Syrian Mediterranean port of Tartus, according to Russian deputy prime minister Yury Borisov. The agreement includes possible extensions by 25-year periods.

The agreement to lease Tartus was provisionally reached in 2018 and use of the port will give Russia influence over eastern Mediterranean. It also allows the Russian Navy to expand its technical support and logistics base, located on the northern edge of the port of Tartus.

US troops and their allies feel humiliated after abandoning their bases in Syria to be taken over by gleeful Russians
Mitch Prothero, Business Insider, 16.10.2019
https://www.businessinsider.de/us-troops-humiliated-abandoned-bases-syria-russians-2019-10

The roughly 1,000 US soldiers — along with hundreds of French, Danish and British allies — have been forced to abandon positions along Syria’s shared border with Turkey.

The Kurdish response was to invite Russia and the Syrian regime into the eastern third of the country which they had governed autonomously for nearly eight years.

Humiliation doesn’t begin to cover what the US forces are feeling right now,” said a military official with the anti-ISIS coalition.

“First they were forced to tell the people they trained, equipped and fought alongside for five years that they were leaving them to their fate, only to see Russian and Syrian troops enter the area and take over their bases.”

The Russian forces impose their control over “Al-Nadi Al-Zera’i”
in order to take it as a headquarters of them in Al-Qamishli .. and information about renting the city’s airbase to Russian forces like Hmeimim
03/11/2019
http://www.syriahr.com/en/?p=146163

Words cannot describe how disastrous the imperial operations against Syria, Iraq, Russia and Iran have been turned upside down.

  • RussiaIran, TurkeySyria and Iraq have become de-facto allies, stronger than NATO.
  • Russia has multiplied its military presence in Syria.
  • Russia is at the warm waters, more securely present as ever.
  • North-Stream-2 could not be stopped and will be finished soon.
  • Turk-Stream pipeline has replaced the EU-blocked South-Stream pipeline!
  • NATO membership of Turkey serves only Turkish interests and no more US ones.
  • Syria is now stronger military power as ever.
  • About 100.000 imperial mercenary terrorists have been eliminated.
  • ISIS its fake caliphate state have been defeated and nearly eliminated.
  • US and allied troops have been mainly kicked out of Syria.
  • Al-Qaida troops in Idlib are the next target.

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2. Keeping Montreux Contract

Russia has a very important international contract with the Republic of Turkey, namely the “Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Straits” from 1936.

Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Straits
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montreux_Convention_Regarding_the_Regime_of_the_Straits

The contract about the water straits regulates the free sailing of Black Sea abutters across the Dardanelles, Sea of Marmara and the Bosporus as well es the limitation of access for all non-abutters of the Black Sea. Turkey is obligated to abide to the rules and impose control, which secures peace in the region. If Turkey would break this contract and e.g. reject free sailing for Russia, automatically the conditions of war would have been established.

Together with the Treaty of Lousanne, these two contracts legitimize the existence of the Republic of Turkey as the legal successor of the Ottoman Empire and independent modern state.

Treaty of Lausanne
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Lausanne

Different from the other losers of WWI, this republic is one of the few, at least judicially, sovereign states. This sovereignty has been wrested from the victors of WWI by defeating them in a war of independence.

As the Republic of Turkey initially cooperated with the Soviet Union and remained neutral during the WWII, no additional burden was on-loaded. This insight should particularly be regarded by people, who research about the legal status of reunited Germany and all other EU member “states“, which all shouldn’t be named states any more. The frame of German defeat has become the European Union.

The prosperity of the Republic of Turkey and adherence to the common contracts and treaties is of existential importance for Russia. Regardless of ruling people and dominant ideology in Ankara, everything runs well, as long as Montreux Convention and all other bilateral and international contracts are not damaged.

.

3. Preventing Imperial Attack

If we consider natural treasures as real wealth, instead of bubble Dollars of the fraud monetary system of the banksters in London and New York, Russia is the riches country in the world. It has the biggest reserves of sweet water and endless reserves of oil and gas. Siberia is a natural gas basin. Russia wants to use these resources to trade in all global markets and also secure that no power becomes able to attack and rob its treasures. Therefore Russia has always to take defensive and deterrent measures.

Looking back in the development of the conflicts since the second half of 19th century, we can detect one important decision by the Royal Navy of the British Empire which triggered the wars and race on oil reserves. Following doctoral thesis paper explains most of that historic trigger.

THE ROYAL NAVY’S FUEL SUPPLIES, 1898-1939;
THE TRANSITION FROM COAL TO OIL.
https://kclpure.kcl.ac.uk/portal/files/2932258/408161.pdf

Although the technical aspects of the transition were completed quite rapidly, fears over oil supplies delayed its completion and had ramifications for Britain’s industrial, foreign and domestic policies. Consequently, the decision to introduce oil fuel was a political rather than a military one.

The thesis examines the two main strategies the Admiralty adopted to secure its oil supplies. First, controlling where possible the sources of oil through ownership of an oil company. That this became a source of interdepartmental friction and was exploited by the oil companies, particularly the Anglo Persian Oil Company, to extract preferential treatment from the Government. Second, creating a large oil reserve, the pursuit of which post 1918 ignored the lessons of the First World War and brought the Admiralty into conflict with the Treasury.

The thesis argues that although both strategies had varying degrees of success, neither addressed the principal threat to naval oil supplies, which was the limited commercial infrastructure – particularly oil tankers – that was both predictable and avoidable. The thesis demonstrates that once reliant on oil the Navy could not, unlike with coal, control its fuel supplies in isolation but was constrained by the nature of the supplying industry and the conflicting demands of other users, and, finally, that resistance to the Navy’s use of oil persisted until 1939.

Until the 1890s, only the Pennsylvanian and Russian fields produced significant quantities of petroleum, and at the time, Russia was considered a potential enemy.

After assessing the world’s known petroliferous regions, the committee concluded that the two largest, Russia and America could not be relied on in wartime, as neither had a sufficient surplus available for export. Geological knowledge was also rudimentary and unable to determine the full extent of the known fields, how long they might last or accurately indicate any new ones. In 1897, for example, the Royal Dutch wells in Sumatra dried up after only two years’ production. 6′ Nevertheless, when the committee examined the Empire’s oil prospects, it was remarkably optimistic: “

Following is a interesting talk, during Frankfurt Book Fair in October 2019, about the historic background of deep state. The moderator is Ken Jebsen of KenFM. The guests are Dirk Pohlmann (also from KenFM) and Ulrich Mies. KenFM is a fake-alternative media and propaganda portal for the Geoengineering-Lobby, but some insight by the guests about “deep state” and the history of WWII is really interesting.

Deep state, how can we reveal it?

This is the second similar talk during the same event. The guest is Hermann Ploppa.

„The grip on Eurasia“

Following press conference of the Presidents Putin and Erdogan is a very important moment in history.

LIVE: Putin and Erdogan hold joint press conference in Sochi (ENG)

4. Preventing Attack on All Resources

The targets of today’s global empire are much wider and more sophisticated than during the time of British Empire. It is about everything now!

We are getting away from using a Petro-Dollar or Gold-Dollar. The new currency is based on the global water cycle and the carbon cycle, basically we could call that currency for right to live, since all basic goods are controlled by geoengineering, privatized and imperialized.

To achieve this goal, the entire airspace, soil, subsurface, deep underground and all oceans must be imperialized. Every state, that has the power to resist, is an obstacle what needs to be cleared away.

Therefore, from an imperialist point of view Russia must fall and then the empire will attack China. Nearly all other countries are already subjugated or threatened and devastated on the war route towards Russia.

But the regained strength of Russia, both at the military and diplomatic level, seems to make this plan impossible for the next decades. The defeat in Syria has nearly broken the backbone of the imperial complex. IMHO it will never recover from this injury and decease within the coming decade.

US imperial military campaign against Russia is inevitable! Europe serves as a deployment and front area and source of cannon fodder!
https://geoarchitektur.blogspot.com/p/us-imperial-military-campaign-against.html

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5. Eliminate  Imperial Thugs

The speech of President Vladimir Putin is worth reading it many times.

Speech of Russian President Vladimir Putin to the UN 70th General Assembly (Updated with transcript!)
September 28, 2015
http://thesaker.is/un-70th-general-assembly-live-vladimir-putin-speech/

” In fact, the Islamic State itself did not come out of nowhere. It was initially developed as a weapon against undesirable secular regimes.

“In these circumstances, it is hypocritical and irresponsible to make declarations about the threat of terrorism and at the same time turn a blind eye to the channels used to finance and support terrorists, including revenues from drug trafficking, the illegal oil trade and the arms trade. It is equally irresponsible to manipulate extremist groups and use them to achieve your political goals, hoping that later you’ll find a way to get rid of them or somehow eliminate them.”

Gentlemen, the people you are dealing with are cruel but they are not dumb.

Now that those thugs have tasted blood, we can’t allow them to return home and continue with their criminal activities. Nobody wants that, right?

Russia acts consequently!

Russia fires missiles from Mediterranean on targets in ISIS stronghold Raqqa – reports
17 Nov, 2015 11:37
https://www.rt.com/news/322413-russia-missiles-raqqa-mediterranean/

The first attack was in October this year when Russian warships fired cruise missiles from the Caspian Sea to hit several Islamic State positions in Syria.

On September 30, Russia launched its military operation against Islamic State at the request of the Syrian government. Since the start of the operation the Russian military have destroyed hundreds of extremist targets in the Syrian provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Hama, Homs, Idlib and Latakia.

ISIS has already been defeated. Saudi Arabia won’t dare again to threaten Russia by using Wahabi terrorists, as was done by Bandar bin Suldan in 2013.

The Russian-Saudi Showdown at Sochi
December 31, 2013
https://consortiumnews.com/2013/12/31/the-russian-saudi-showdown-at-sochi/

According to the leaked diplomatic account of last summer’s meeting, Bandar sought Russia’s cooperation on several Mideast concerns, including Syria, and told Putin, “I can give you a guarantee to protect the Winter Olympics in the city of Sochi on the Black Sea next year. The Chechen groups that threaten the security of the games are controlled by us.”

I was told by a source close to the Russian government that this mix of overt inducements and implied threats infuriated Putin who barely kept his anger in check through the end of the meeting with Bandar. Putin viewed Bandar’s offer to protect the Sochi Olympics as something akin to a Mafia don shaking down a shopkeeper for protection money by saying, “nice little business you got here, I’d hate to see anything happen to it.”

Putin then redoubled his support for the Syrian government in response to Bandar’s blend of bribes and warnings. The source said Russia also issued its own thinly veiled threats against the Saudis. The Saudis may have substantial “soft power” with their oil and money but Russia has its own formidable “hard power,” including a huge military, the source said.

.

6. Extending Economic Cooperation

The Achilles heel of Russian economy is to keep free passage to the Mediterranean Sea and for Turkish economy it is the industrial zone in and around Istanbul. The blockade of the strait would result in total breakdown of all economic activity in Turkey, de-legitimize the statehood of the Republic and trigger military response by Russia. A conflict is not in the geopolitical, economic and military interest of Turkey and Russia and a one sided militarily enforcement not possible. In contrast, any narrow cooperation is in full interest Russia and Turkey. This is very apparent by the buildup of Turkstream-Pipeline and the acquisition of Russian S-400 airspace defense system.

Under current efforts to bring peace and security to the Middle East, Russia, Syria, Iran and Turkey have broken all British and American imperial dreams to conquer all oil reserves and establish a single global empire. Russia is also integrating African countries and Saudi Arabia into a future framework by singing  very important bilateral contracts.

Russia offers African leaders no-strings-attached business and protection from Western pressure
22 Oct, 2019 18:31
https://www.rt.com/news/471550-russia-africa-summit-sochi/

Russia & Saudi Arabia seal major deals & sign OPEC+ long-term cooperation charter
14 Oct, 2019 15:12
https://www.rt.com/business/470914-russia-saudi-cooperation-agreements/

Russia-Africa Summit: Putin, African leaders sign military deals

With the nearly completion of the North Stream 2 Pipeline also the cooperation and interdependence with Europe will grow, despite the economic sanctions by the EU and USA.The fuel supply to Europe was never questions earnestly and all covert and open efforts to prevent the new pipeline could be pushed away.

Nord Stream 2 Granted a Construction Permit by Denmark
https://www.nord-stream2.com/media-info/news-events/nord-stream-2-granted-a-construction-permit-by-denmark-139/

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7. Securing Russian Economy from Inside

A country with a weak economy can brought to implosion if hit from outside. Therefore a strong economy and huge reserves of foreign currencies and bullion is inevitable, as well as the diversification of the industry.

Russia is one of the few states which is not a debt servant of imperial banksters. All member states of NATO, including the USA suffer under a heavy debt burden and practically bankrupt.

The sanctions did not break the economy of Russia but made more diverse and productive.

Russia’s Economic Clout in Europe Grows Despite Sanctions, Study Says
https://www.wsj.com/articles/russias-economic-clout-in-europe-grows-despite-sanctions-study-says-11552333028

Sanctions can’t slow Russian agriculture
Published on 18/09/2017
http://www.food-exhibitions.com/Market-Insights/Russia/Sanctions-Russian-agriculture

Sanctions could have spelled disaster for Russia. With their implementation in 2014, Russian consumers were cut off from food supplies from the world’s second biggest agricultural power – the EU.

Through heavy government investment, purchasing of updated farming equipment and machinery, and good old fashioned hard work, Russian output of key agriproducts is reaching record levels – suggesting more cash to splash on cultivation and growing equipment and machinery has appeared in the wallets of Russia’s key agribuyers.

The imperial threat and wars served as a promotion for Russian armament. The direct engagement in Syria also gave a live test ground for fast development of new weapons systems.

Defense industry of Russia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Defense_industry_of_Russia

Russian arms exports increased from $3.7 billion in 2001 to $13.2 billion in 2011 and jumped to $19 billion in 2018.

Inevitably taking out metal gold from the market by Russia, China, India, Poland and many other countries is like a weapon of mass destruction for the fake digital and paper bubble which is used by the FED-Dollar system to hide its bankruptcy. For every inch of metal-gold about thousand fake-gold obligations are sold to the dependent and ignorant victims. Russian leadership is never ignorant nor dependent!

Russia’s Massive Gold Stash Is Now Worth More Than $100Bln
By Bloomberg, Sep. 9, 2019
https://www.themoscowtimes.com/2019/09/09/russias-massive-gold-stash-is-now-worth-more-than-100bln-a67202

The country quadrupled gold reserves in the past decade as it diversified away from U.S. assets, a move that has paid off recently as haven demand sent prices to a six-year high. In the past year, the value of the nation’s gold jumped 42% to $109.5 billion and the metal now makes up the biggest share of Russia’s total reserves since 2000.

Russia may keep buying gold to compensate for those other losses in its reserves, said Kirill Tremasov, a former Economics Ministry official and now director of analysis at Loko-Invest in Moscow. So far it’s working, with gold up 18% this year to $1,508 an ounce.

On this German site the graphic shows that the gold reserves of Russia increased from 1,680 tons in 2017 to 2,220 tons in 2019.

Russia – Goldreserves
https://de.tradingeconomics.com/russia/gold-reserves

Russia has become less dependent on high oil prices per barrel.

Russian Reserves March Toward $600 Billion As Sanction Threats Loom, Fitch Says
August 11, 2019 19:58 GMT
https://www.rferl.org/a/russian-reserves-march-toward-600-billion-as-sanction-threats-loom-fitch-says/30104457.html

5dcfd592-ac66-4b98-8e69-987add7b1d3a_w1597_n_r0_st
https://gdb.rferl.org/5DCFD592-AC66-4B98-8E69-987ADD7B1D3A_w1597_n_r0_st.jpg

Russia will continue to build up its foreign currency and gold reserves to protect its economy as threats of more U.S. sanctions loom, a top financial firm said.

Russian reserves will reach nearly $600 billion — a record high — by 2021 thanks to trade and budget surpluses, credit-worthiness agency Fitch Ratings said on August 9 as it upgraded the nation’s debt ratings.

The Kremlin’s “prudent” economic policies have cut the price of oil required for the Russian budget to balance from $110 a barrel in 2013 to less than half that amount in 2018, according to Fitch.

—-   —-   —-

From the same series, please check also following parts:

—-   —-   —-

The whole topic of Geophysical Warfare and Geoengineering cannot be explained in a single article or a few ones. Please read on, connect the dots and get the full picture and understanding. Most of my articles are also published on VeteransToday, please look here for them:
https://www.veteranstoday.com/?s=Enkidu

Posted in Middle East, RussiaComments Off on Geopolitics in Middle East: What is the Intention of Russia?

Trump’s Worst Nightmare: Iran’s new oil find, 53bn barrels of crude

By Jim W. Dean, Managing Editor

…from Press TV

[ Editor’s Note: Iran’s credit rating just went up. I assume that it has been holding back on this oil field news. And you can bet the Chinese were already aware of it before they signed onto the $400+ billion pledge into Iran infrastructure projects, much of that in energy.

As a key station on the New Silk Road, Iran’s having huge amounts of oil and gas are additional bonuses for anyone thinking of attempting a duplicate development game of this size.

As rail lines are laid down, it will be a no brainer to make sure that pipelines will be able to follow the same route, as total efficiency in everything will be one of the main engineering goals.

The West will only have itself to blame. The low interest on US debt, with the Chinese having held so much but earning so little, made it obvious that a much higher return could be made long term by investing in these mega infrastructure projects, which could supply jobs for Chinese workers and others in the region for decades.

This is something that neither the US nor EU seem able to do. Name one $50-billion development project they have ongoing or even in the planning stages. The US is burying itself in debt to keep the doors open and lights on, while using world turmoil and regime change to help maintain that position.

It is not a long term winning strategy. In the end, all the US will have to play is the “war card”, similar to what Roosevelt did to get into WWII when all of his Great Depression stimulation hardly produced a single permanent job… Jim W. Dean ]

Iran’s new oil field found in Khuzestan Province

– First published … November 10, 2019 –

President Hassan Rouhani says Iran has discovered a new oil field containing 53 billion barrels of crude in southwestern Khuzestan Province. 

Rouhani told a large crowd of people in the central city of Yazd on Sunday that the discovery was made despite US hostilities which have mainly targeted Iran’s oil sector.

“It is a large oil field that extends from Bostan to the vicinity of Omidiyeh spanning an area of 2,400 square kilometers with a depth of 80 meters,” he said. 

“Today we are announcing to the US that we are a rich country and despite your enmity and tyrannical sanctions, the Iranian oil industry’s workers and engineers have succeeded to discover this vast oil field,” Rouhani added.

The US has unleashed the “toughest ever” sanctions against Tehran since unilaterally withdrawing from the 2015 nuclear deal, officially called the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

Rouhani said, “The first thing I would like to emphasize here is that we have withstood the pressure exerted by foreigners over the past year, during which our people had to go through difficult times.”

It’s been one year-and-a-half since President Donald Trump pulled the United States out of the nuclear deal with Iran and embarked on a policy of “maximum pressure.”

Trump has been piling sanctions and heating up the rhetoric against Tehran, saying he aims to negotiate a better agreement with Iran and his policy will bring the Iranians to the table for that new deal.

However, the maximum pressure policy has not succeeded in bringing Iran to the negotiating table or curbing its regional activities across the Middle East as sought by Washington.

“In fact maximum pressure seems to have backfired and pushed Iran across the edge,” British daily The Independent wrote on Saturday.

According to the paper, “economically, Iran has been able to draw on some of its financial reserves to cushion off the impact of American sanctions.

Politically, Iran has been able to utilize the theme of nationalism and historic grievances about big power bullying and fend off any unrest, it said. On Sunday, President Rouhani called on Iranians not to let “America’s wishes rise from the larynx of a few people, even though they are very limited in number.”

He said the Iranian people’s “resilience and unity and their ceaseless efforts have brought us to the point where the United States, in my opinion, has become disappointed.”

From an international perspective, The Independent says, the world is more sympathetic to Iran’s position in the nuclear dispute than the United States, because Iran stayed strictly committed to the nuclear deal for one year, after the US left the deal and violated its terms.

“There is also not much admiration for Mr Trump on the international stage – except among right wing authoritarian and neo-fascist groups – and that also helps Iran,” it added.

The Trump administration’s policy on Iran, the paper said, has isolated the United States and diminished its leverage to enforce the JCPOA, if not open the door to its complete destruction.

“At the moment, President Trump and his administration are running out of options on Iran. There is not much left to sanction in Iran, and short of military conflict, there is not a lot more pressure that can be applied,” it added. 

Meanwhile, statistics show Iran’s economic situation is improving and inflation has been contained, President Rouhani said.

Iran is a founding member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and sits on what were already the world’s fourth-biggest oil reserves and second-largest gas reserves.

The new find would add around 34 percent to Iran’s current proven reserves, estimated by the Oil & Gas Journal at 158 billion barrels of crude oil and representing almost 10 percent of the world’s crude reserves.

Posted in IranComments Off on Trump’s Worst Nightmare: Iran’s new oil find, 53bn barrels of crude

YPG terrorists still not fully cleared from Syria safe zone

By Jim W. Dean, Managing Editor 

…from PressTV

[ Editor’s Note: Both Turkey and the Kurds are testing the limits of the N Syria withdrawal zone. As with the JCPOA, I fear we will see a permanent scourge in the future of parties interpreting however they wish as to fulfilling their obligations.

This is totally unnecessary as agreements are contracts and contract law has a long history. An international body could be set up to rule on whether a party is not abiding by a contract, or even both. But this would be a fruitless effort if no one really abides by such agreements anymore. They just pretend they are.

I would suggest that such agreements require bonds to be posted, as we have a long history of doing in business situations where a breach of contract has to be indemnified, which a bankrupt party cannot due.

Turkey was going to violate the agreement from the beginning, because it knew the Kurds would then not fully withdraw, so Erdogan could do what he is doing now, charging them with a breach. But when both side do it that equals the playing field.

For domestic consumption each claims the other is in violation no matter how ridiculous the charge. How do they get away with that? Simple. You have to control the media, which Erdogan does in the current example, and the Israel Lobby does in the US on all issues of key interest to Israel.

Erdogan takes it to comical levels, complaining about the Syrian Kurdish terrorist threat when he has been supporting terrorism inside Syria since early in the war, thinking he could use it to wrest the old Turkish Empire portion of NE Syria, including Aleppo, back into the new Erdogan Empire.

But even that is somewhat of a hoax. He is really after all the oil and gas under Idlib.

And if the offshore deposits which VT has been told land there they can be claimed by the “current holder”, the economic pressures on Turkey which are the only real threat to Erdogan’s iron clasp hold over the country would be solved. He can play Sultan for the rest of his days Jim W. Dean ]

Erdogan does so love to play Sultan

– First published … November 11, 2019 –

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan says militants from the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) have not fully withdrawn from border areas of the so-called safe zone in northern Syria as specified in the agreements with Russia and the United States, and that US forces are still carrying out joint patrols with the militants.

“We know that there are still terrorists in the planned safe zone. These areas are not cleared of terrorists. Terrorists have not been taken out of either (the northwestern Syrian cities of) Tal Rifaat or Manbij,” Erdogan told a parliamentary group meeting of the ruling Justice and Development Party (AK Party) in the capital Ankara on Tuesday.

He added that the militants beyond the safe zone borders were organizing attacks on Turkish security forces.

“We will not be an onlooker to this situation. We will do what is necessary as we did before. “Turkey will continue its fight until the last terrorist is neutralized in Turkey, Syria and Iraq,” Erdogan said.

The Turkish president highlighted that Ankara would abide by its deals as long as Washington and Moscow kept their promises.

Erdogan said that US forces were still holding joint patrols with the YPG militants inside the 30-kilometers border strip from which the Kurdish forces were supposed to withdraw.

“How can we explain America holding patrols with terrorist organizations in this region even though they made the decision to withdraw? This is not in our agreement,” he said.

He also criticized the US for being insincere regarding Turkey’s anti-terror efforts.

“We have been subjected to a hidden embargo for fighting against terrorists,” Erdogan said, referring to some western countries’ refusal to sell weapons and other devices in the wake of the Turkish cross-border incursion into northern Syria.

Turkey, Russia conduct 2nd round of joint Syria patrols

Also on Tuesday, Turkish and Russian troops in armored vehicles conducted the second round of joint patrols in northern Syria near the Kurdish-populated town of Kobani, officially Ayn al-Arab, under a deal that has forced YPG militants away from Turkey’s border.

According to Turkey’s Defense Ministry, Turkish and Russian military elements and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) participated in the patrol, which lasted two hours.

Syrian army starts deploying units to Qamishli 

Meanwhile, Syria’s official news agency SANA reported that units of government forces are being deployed to the eastern countryside of the northeastern Syrian city of Qamishli on the border with Turkey in the face of a cross-border incursion by Turkish army troops and their allied militants against Kurdish YPG forces.

On October 22, Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Turkish counterpart signed a memorandum of understanding that asserted YPG militants must withdraw from the Turkish-controlled “safe zone” in northeastern Syria within 150 hours, after which Ankara and Moscow will run joint patrols around the area.

The announcement was made hours before a US-brokered five-day truce between Turkish and Kurdish-led forces was due to expire.

On October 9, Turkish military forces and Ankara-backed militants launched a long-threatened cross-border invasion of northeastern Syria in a declared attempt to push YPG militants from border areas.

Ankara views the US-backed YPG as a terrorist organization tied to the homegrown Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), which has been seeking an autonomous Kurdish region in Turkey since 1984. The YPG constitutes the backbone of the Kurdish-dominated so-called Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF).

Posted in USA, Russia, Syria, TurkeyComments Off on YPG terrorists still not fully cleared from Syria safe zone

Repatriate the Children of the Jihad

by PATRICK HOWLETT-MARTIN

Photograph Source: Y. Boechat (VOA) – Public Domain

“Listen! If all must suffer to pay for the eternal harmony, what have children to do with it, tell me, please? … And if it is really true that they must share responsibility for all their fathers’ crimes, such a truth is not of this world and is beyond my comprehension. Some jester will say, perhaps, that the child would have grown up and have sinned, but you see he didn’t grow up, he was torn to pieces by the dogs, at eight years old. … [The higher harmony] is not worth the tears of that one tortured child … And if the sufferings of children go to swell the sum of sufferings which was necessary to pay for truth, then I protest that the truth is not worth such a price.”

— Dostoyevsky, The Brothers Karamazov

According to the NGO Save the Children, close to two hundred children born to French mothers or parents, most of them less than five years old, are confined to detainment camps with their mothers in northeastern Syria. Marie Dosé, a lawyer who filed a complaint before the UN Committee on Children’s Rights against France on behalf of these families in February, states that she has identified 149 French children in the camps.

The French authorities have facilitated the return of seventeen orphans and abandoned children but have yet to communicate the number of children and mothers in the camps who are French citizens. The children detained with their mothers are every bit as innocent as the orphans. How can this distinction be justified, either legally or in terms of the principles of protection of children?

For more than two years, these children have been subject to deplorable physical and mental health conditions, hapless victims of the unspeakable cruelty and brutality surrounding them. The infant mortality rate in these camps is the highest in the world: 144 per 1,000 children under the age of five. This means that one out of seven children will not live to see their fifth birthday. Dozens are orphans while many still have their mothers with them, and all of them have families residing in France who are anxious to take them in, school them, and help them reintegrate into a community of which they are rightful citizens.

An article in the June 29 issue of the French newspaper Le Monde described the gut-wrenching odyssey through Syria of the grandparents of the four Lopez children, who are held with their mother in the Roj camp in Al-Muabbada. The oldest child is nine and the father, Léonard Lopez, is awaiting execution by hanging in a Baghdad prison, where he was tried after being transferred from Syria under circumstances that led Agnés Callamard, UN Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary, or Arbitrary Executions, who is French, to officially challenge the French authorities.

France has signed and ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child adopted by the UN General Assembly thirty years ago this November 20. Every year, French citizens generously donate some fifty million euros to support the French National Committee to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). Nevertheless, the National Consultative Commission on Human Rights and the Council of Europe’s Commissioner for Human Rights found themselves forced to urge France to repatriate the children with their mothers from the Syrian camps “in the best interests of the child”.

The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs hoped that the French men and women detained in Syrian camps could be tried in local courts, whether Syrian, run by the Turkish occupation authorities, or Iraqi, after illegal transfer to that country. France’s chief diplomat for foreign affairs, Jean-Yves Le Drian, was in Baghdad on October 17 to discuss the possible transfer to Iraq of foreign ISIS fighters held by the Kurds in Syria, no doubt anxious to take advantage of the ceasefire negotiated by the U.S. administration and President Erdogan. Iraq, whose courts offer no guarantee of fairness, has refused to try women and children. The Iraqi authorities did agree to try combatants who are French nationals, but only in return for payment, a sum that Paris has been careful not to reveal: a special synallagmatic contract, against any rule of law.

The Kurds, who have done most of the fighting on the ground against ISIS in Syria, are now suffering the offensive by the Turkish army and their Syrian auxiliaries. Hundreds of mothers and children escaped the Aïn Issa camp on October 11 as a result of Turkish bombing. Now forced to wander in search of food and shelter, these children have certainly gained nothing in terms of security or safety. The threat to the detainment camps from this offensive partly explains Le Drian’s request to Baghdad and his recent visit to Erbil, capital of Iraqi Kurdistan. But how will the indictment of children and their mothers in Iraqi special courts help them resolve their legal issues, and, most importantly, help minimize the risk of their future or renewed radicalization after they are released from the Iraqi jails?

In an article in the October 24 issue of The New York Times, the journalists Neil Collier and Ben Laffin described the living conditions in the Al Hol camp, where children under twelve make up two thirds of some nine thousand foreign (non-Syrian) detainees. France has not had diplomatic relations with the Assad regime since 2012: its embassy in Damascus and consulates in Aleppo and Latakia were shuttered in November 2011. The children born there of French mothers are in a legal limbo: we saw this in June when dozens of French mothers, transferred from the Al Hol camp to the city of Raqqa (trusteeship administration), were unable to register their children at the vital records office, making it impossible to enroll them in the healthcare system or in school, or to find a way to reduce the terrible risks of abuse, exploitation, and trafficking to which they are exposed.

It is urgent, while the camps are still under Kurdish control, to initiate emergency repatriation of these traumatized children and their distressed mothers under the auspices of the International Committee of the Red Cross, and to implement, under the authority of a judge-commissioner, a receiving facility where they will be safe and able to receive medical and psychological care in liaison with their family members residing in France. The mothers thus repatriated, guided, and resocialized will have a chance to reintegrate into society and atone for their tragic misadventures and failings. There is no alternative in terms of humanitarian principles or security concerns.

Posted in Middle East, Iraq, SyriaComments Off on Repatriate the Children of the Jihad


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