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Chinese police have surrounded the Palestinian embassy and demanding delivered a senior staff

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Chinese police have surrounded the Palestinian embassy and demanding delivered a senior staff

Akharriet – Nihad long : It seems that a diplomatic crisis ridden diplomatic relations between Palestine and China, and almost cause a coup in the Chinese position towards the Palestinian cause, disappeared Gaza squares Chinese unusually during the aggression ongoing and continuous, did not announce any effective anti-aggression and supportive of the Palestinian people in Chinese cities.

Chinese police, according to the newspaper ‘Graca’ Jordan, citing what it called “private sources, besieging weeks ago, the headquarters of the Palestinian embassy in Picken, and refuses to break the siege of the embassy, ​​until it is delivered, a senior official at the embassy accused him of issues related to the exploitation of his diplomatic and fraud.

In detail, according to the documents refer issued by the Chinese Foreign Ministry demanded that the Chinese authorities of the Palestinian embassy in Beijing delivered the first secretary at the embassy, ​​Mohammed Ramadan, a nearby Palestinian Ambassador Ahmed Ramadan, son-brother of President Mahmoud Abbas, where he Mohamed Ramadan over the years, smuggling and selling luxury cars after he introduced to China customs exemption on the grounds that it diplomacy, and profited from behind the amount of 15 million dollars, according to the document.

The sources revealed that the diplomat Mohamed Ramadan required refuge with his wife and children inside the embassy, ​​and refuses to leave, but at the airport, but the Chinese authorities insist on the arrest and interrogation of the charges against him.

For his part, as do the Palestinian delegation to the joint efforts of all in Cairo in order to lift the siege on the Gaza Strip, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas is trying to solve this problem without affecting relations with China.

The Chinese Foreign Ministry issued a strongly worded book of the Palestinian Embassy in Beijing, said the circumstances of the case that almost ridden that diplomatic relations between the two countries.

They confirmed the Chinese Foreign authorities have security enough evidence to prove the involvement of Ramadan, and demanded in her book No. 48, handing Mohamed Ramadan for interrogation to the concerned authorities, which will retain the right to take further action depending on the circumstances, in a reference to it may be subjected to trial and imprisonment.

The sources expressed fear that the Palestinian cause to lose the sympathy of the influential countries on the world stage, particularly a superpower and has the right of veto ‘veto’ in the Security Council, the size of China.

Posted in China, Palestine Affairs0 Comments

A leading Pakistani politician calls for unified “Islamic army” to fight I$raHell

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Pakistan has one of the largest armies in the world and the only Muslim country to possess nuclear weapons.

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A PML-Q leader has called for Muslim countries to form an “Islamic Army” to stop Israeli atrocities in Gaza and liberate Palestine.

In a statement on Sunday, Salma Hashmi of Pakistan Muslim League-Q said: “Israeli fighter jets and military tanks have been killing hundreds of innocent Palestinian people including women and children but the governments of Muslim countries have been issuing just condemning statements.”

She said all Muslim countries must take immediate measures to form a joint army like NATO if they were serious to retaliate against the brutal Israeli attacks on the Palestinian people.

“When Western countries, including the USA, Britain, France, Canada and others, could join hands to protect their interests by forming a joint military alliance in the shape of NATO then why are Muslim countries reluctant to form a joint Islamic army which should be funded jointly by all Muslim countries,” she said.

Ms Hashmi said that if billions of dollars that the Arab countries had deposited in American, Swiss and French banks were withdrawn and an oil embargo was enforced, a big financial crisis would emerge in Western countries.

She also urged the Muslim countries to form joint banks like the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, adding that Arab monarchs and elites should transfer their money from Western banks to the proposed non-interest based joint Islamic bank.

The Israeli siege of Gaza has entered its third week and more than 600 Palestinians have died, mostly women and children.

30 Israeli soldiers have been killed so far, including two Americans fighting for the IDF since the ground offensive began last Thursday.

One Israeli soldier, Shaol Aron was captured alive by Hamas’ military wing, Al Qassam Brigade on Sunday.

Sources

Dawn

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India to Invalidate UN Role in Kashmir

NOVANEWS

By Sajjad Shaukat

Muslims inside India and the Indian-held Kashmir including Pakistan are well-aware of the

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s agenda to reduce the Muslim community in India to

second class citizens. Muslims’ anxiety in the region is multiplying due to the fact that during the

election campaign, Hindu majority was mobilized on anti-Muslim and anti-Pakistan slogans.

Now, the fundamentalist ruling party of India, BJP has started showing its real face. In this

regard, in his interview to an Indian TV channel, its leader Dr. Subramaniam Swamy, a staunch

promoter of Hindutva (Hindu nationalism) said on July 12, this year that India needed only

two years to defeat Pakistan militarily, and it would not shy away from a nuclear war because

ultimately there would be no Pakistan left. He elaborated, “May be 100 million will die; no

Swamy added that the only solution of Kashmir was war, as “there is no peaceful, democratic

solution.” About the aftermath of the withdrawal of the US-led NATO forces from Afghanistan,

he remarked, “Americans will hand over Afghanistan to Taliban and go…India should send at

least 200,000 troops to Afghanistan…their [Taliban] appetite is Jihad and Kashmir is the obvious

place…so we should be ready to go to war.” He further pointed out that Modi won the elections

2014 on the basis of Hindutva, and “those Muslims inside India who do not accept Hindu

ancestry should be disenfranchised.”

In these terms, we cannot see the remarks of Dr. Subramaniam Swamy in isolation, as the BJP

rulers have especially been implementing their nefarious designs in relation to the occupied

Kashmir, even without caring for a nuclear war with Pakistan. They also neglect the fact that

Pakistan lacks conventional forces and weapons vis-à-vis India, so, in case of a prolonged

conflict on the issue of Kashmir, Pakistan will have to use nuclear weapons and missiles which

could destroy whole of India.

However, soon after assuming power, Modi government, hurriedly decided to forcibly annex and

integrate disputed territory of the State of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), uncovering its intentions

to wrap up the article 370 of the Indian constitution which ensures a special status to J&K.

The aim behind is to fortify measures to strengthen and continue its illegal occupation in the

J&K. Hence, as part of its extremist policy, United Nations Military Observer Group India and

Pakistan (UNMOGIP) in New Delhi was asked to vacate official accommodation, claiming that

its role had become irrelevant, thereby insulting the world body and indicating its intention to

violate UN Security Council’s resolutions on Kashmir dispute, and to further commit human

rights violations in the India-controlled Kashmir.

It is notable that since partition of India in 1947, United Nations has played significant role in

maintaining peace and order in Jammu and Kashmir. Indian intransigence, expansionist designs

and open violation of the partition formula for princely states created tension between India and

Pakistan, and a territorial dispute erupted on the question of accession of the State of Jammu and

Kashmir to Pakistan. India, having occupied major part of Kashmir, quickly took the dispute to

the United Nations. Consequently, United Nation Security Council (UNSC) passed resolution

39 in 1948 and a UN Commission for India and Pakistan (UNCIP) was established to investigate

and mediate the issues between both the countries.

Afterwards, UNSC, on the complaint of the then Indian government, concerning the dispute

over state of J&K, passed resolution 47 in 1948, thus paving the way for withdrawal of forces by

India and Pakistan—creating conditions for a free and impartial plebiscite to decide the future of

the State. The UNSC resolution 47 also upgraded membership of UNCIP and its role to observe

ceasefire. In March 1951, Karachi agreement was signed by India and Pakistan, establishing a

ceasefire line to be supervised by UN military observers. Nevertheless, UNCIP was terminated

and UNSC passed resolution 91 in 1951 and established United Nations Military Observer

Group India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) to observe and report violations of ceasefire between

Later on, after the Indo-Pakistan War-1971, Simla Agreement was signed in 1972 by the two

neigbouring countries, and a Line of Control (LOC) was defined in Kashmir. Since then, New

Delhi wickedly started opposing UNMOGIP, arguing that its role has elapsed, as ceasefire was

now being observed through Simla Agreement.

On the other side, in order to prevent war between the two countries, the UN Secretary General,

however, maintained that UNMOGIP will continue to function, as no UNSC resolution has been

passed to terminate it. Therefore, it remains valid. Particularly, by honoring UNSC resolutions,

Pakistani military has continued lodging complaints with UNMOGIP on ceasefire violations by

India which disregards UN mandate in this respect. And UNMOGIP also continues to monitor

and investigate complaints of ceasefire violations, and submit findings to India and Pakistan

including the United Nations.

Nonetheless, it is the right hour that Pakistan’s high officials and media must support UN which

is displaying firmness on UNMOGIP’s relevance and UN resolutions in relation to Jammu and

For the purpose, our internal entities must keep on pointing out that Kashmir is a disputed

territory and cannot be annexed to India, under coercive strategy and wicked tactics, adopted by

the BJP-led Indian government, as UNSC resolutions on Kashmir are still relevant and so is the

case with UNMOGIP which is playing a very important role in maintaining peace and order in

Pakistan’s entities must also reject Indian illogical argument that role of UNMOGIP has also

become irrelevant after signing of Simla Agreement between both the countries. Indian such

stand is totally ridiculous and has already been criticized by the UN Secretary General including

other peace loving people of the world.

In this connection, New Delhi has actually insulted UNO by telling the military observers

to vacate their official accommodation from Indian capital, because their role has become

unrelated. Pakistan’s media and high officials must focus on the UN Secretary General who is

justified in snubbing India on the issue of UNMOGIP, asking the military observers to vacate the

official accommodation, given to them in New Delhi.

It is quite irrational that now, the Indian government is opposing the role of UNMOGIP to

maintain peace in the region, while UNMOGIP was established through UNSC resolution 51,

on the complaint of the Indian government. Hence, Indian duplicity and double face must be

uncovered and its sinister designs to fortify its measures to continue its illegitimate occupation of

Kashmir be denounced, especially through our media.

Particularly, the civilized western nations must take note of the Indian intransigence and high

headedness in violating UN resolutions and causing rudeness to UN on the issue of maintaining

UNMOGIP which must continue to monitor and investigate complaints on violations of ceasefire

across the LoC. In this context, India deliberate attempt to invalidate the UN role in Kashmir

must be strictly opposed, as role of UNMOGIP is significantly valid and vital to maintain peace

in Kashmir as well as between India and Pakistan in wake of war-mongering diplomacy of the

Sajjad Shaukat writes on international affairs and is author of the book: US vs Islamic Militants,

Invisible Balance of Power: Dangerous Shift in International Relations

Posted in India, Pakistan & Kashmir0 Comments

Tarek Fatah’s Anti-Islam and Anti-Pakistan Prejudice

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By Sajjad Shaukat

Unlike the past, the arena of aggression has changed. In the present era, besides subversive acts,

the enemy use techniques of psychological warfare like propaganda and creation of division

including other similar tactics to achieve its nefarious designs. For the purpose, the hostile

elements also buy the services of intellectuals, writers and activities who are vulnerable, and can

work for the enemy at the cost of their own nations.

In this regard, since the Global War on Terror started, the US, some western countries, India

and Israel have been using one pretext or the other in targeting the Islamic countries in order

to obtain their selfish interests. Particularly, the US, India and Israel are in collusion to weaken

Pakistan because it is the only nuclear country in the Islamic World. Their secret agencies

have been supporting subversive attacks in various cities of the country through their affiliated

militant groups. While backing similar acts of sabotage in the province of Balochistan, these

agencies have also been assisting Baloch separatist elements. On the other side, a deliberate

campaign continues in the Islamic World to create division by manipulating the ethnic and

sectarian differences between Arabs and non-Arabs, Sunnis and Shias.

Although there are a number of internal traitors within the Muslim countries, yet real character

of Tarek Fatah who is a writer, author and broadcaster needs special attention. Tarek Fatah,

a Pakistan born, Canadian national who has also remained in Saudi Arabia is suffering from

personality disorder. He is still trying to recognize himself and confirm his own identity.

In this context, Tarek Fateh has tried to conceal his real face by showing contradictions, but one

can note his anti-Islam and anti-Pakistan prejudice through his articles, statements, books and

changing loyalties. While playing in the hands of anti-Islam and anti-Pakistan forces, he has been

doing all this in order to get money and media coverage including popularity.

Tarek Fatah was born in November 20, 1949 to a Bombay-origin father in Karachi, Pakistan,

where his family had settled following the Partition of India. Fatah entered journalism as a

reporter for the Karachi Sun in 1970, and was an investigative journalist for Pakistani Television.

He left Pakistan and settled in Saudi Arabia.

In order to impress the Western world, Tarek Fatah not only claimed to pose himself as a secular,

progressive and liberal activist, but also went to the extent of distorting the image of Islam.

Fatah says, “I write as a Muslim whose ancestors were Hindu. My religion, Islam, is rooted in

Judaism; while my Punjabi culture is tied to that of the Sikhs…I cannot be considered a true

Muslim.” In fact, he is a confused Ahmadi.

Quite contrarily, in his book, Chasing a Mirage: The Tragic Illusion of an Islamic State, Fatah

challenges the notion that the establishment of an Islamic state is a necessary prerequisite to

enter the state of Islam. He suggests that the idea of an Islamic state is merely a mirage that

Muslims have been made to chase for over a millennium. It was due to his anti-Islam approach

that the book was shortlisted for the $35,000 Donner Prize for 2008–09.

Evidence suggest that notorious Tarek Fatah was deeply anti-Israel and anti-Semitic until 2006,

after which he was instructed by his masters to propagate against Shias, and to promote the

interests of the Saudi lobby—it is also evident in his support for the Saudi invasion of Bahrain.

Fatah who was a resident of Saudi Arabia for many years, after which his masters instructed him

to migrate to Canada and the US so as to exploit Sunni-Shia differences, and to promote anti-
Islam agenda. The Muslim Canadian Congress, which Tarek Fatah founded and led till August

2006, supported the campaign of boycott, divestment and sanctions against Israel. The Congress

also compared Israeli policies to South African apartheid.

Quite opposite to his earlier views, in a discussion, hosted by the Globe and Mail in 2007, Fatah

stated that “most of the Islamic radicalism that you see today stems from the empowering of

Saudi based Jihadi groups that were funded and backed by the US and the CIA.”

Fatah advocates gay rights, a separation of religion and state, opposition to Sharia law, and

a liberal and progressive form of Islam. But, he ignored the fact that Islam is itself a liberal

and progressive religion. Islamic World has to move along with the demands of modern time.

Therefore, periodic reinterpretation of Islamic teachings, which is called Ijtihad is essential, as it

could provide new perceptions to Islam in accordance with the changed world vision. However,

such statements of Fateh have met with considerable criticism from Canadian Muslim groups. In

this context, Wahida C. Valiante, President of the Canadian Islamic Congress, told the Globe and

Mail, “Tarek Fatah’s views are diametrically opposed to most Muslims…there is a tremendous

amount of discussion in the community that his views contradict the fundamentals of Islam.”

Despite reservations, one has to agree about Tarek Fatah duplicity. In this respect, Fatah proves

that there is no such thing as moderate Muslim. He calls himself hardened secular, but fractures

when he hears a truth that majority of Muslims are moderate and liberal. Let us take the example

of Pakistan. The Constitution of 1973 which was unanimously adopted, clearly states that

Pakistan is basically a democracy guided by the Islamic principles and values.

Besides, addressing the Constituent Assembly on August 11, 1947, Quaid-i-Azam who wanted

Pakistan as a democratic state, said that he did not want Pakistan to be a theocratic state. He

wanted Pakistan to be a liberal, secular and progressive state where both Muslims and non-
Muslims were treated as citizens of equal status.

In this context, Imam-e-Kaaba, Sheikh Abdul Rahman during his visit to Pakistan and during

his Khateeb-e-Hajj had clearly stated that suicide attacks are illegal (Haram). He explained,

“Such acts fall under the category of crime and suicide bombers or attackers are destined to go

to Hell…they represent enemy of Muslims and they commit crimes against humanity, while

misguiding other Muslims.” Denouncing terrorism as un-Islamic, he pointed out that terrorists’

activities are part of a conspiracy to defame Islam and destroy Muslims.

Nevertheless, in 2003, Fatah engaged in a break with Irshad Manji in the pages of the Globe and

Mail in which he repudiated the thanks she gave him in the acknowledgment section of her book,

The Trouble with Islam. Fatah wrote of Manji’s book that it “is not addressed to Muslims; it is

aimed at making Muslim-haters feel secure in their thinking.” Manji replied saying that he told

her in front of witnesses that “this book was written by the Jews for the Jews.” Changing his

stance, Afterwards, Fatah remarked that he was unfair in slamming Manji’s book. He now points

out that she was “right about the systematic racism in the Muslim world.”

In 2005, in his writing, Tarek Fatah equated Iranian President Ahmadinejad with Israel and also

supported Saddam Hussain as killer of millions of Shia Muslims. In this regard, he wrote, “While

we unreservedly condemn the Iranian president, we cannot remain silent about Israel’s continued

occupation of Palestinian territories. We also condemn Bush for posturing as a deliverer of

freedom, while occupying Iraq.” But, the Toronto Star reported in 2010 that Fatah believed in

Israel’s right to exist.

As regards his anti-Islam sentiments, the National Post indicated, Tarek Fateh has also

misconceived by saying, “Islam is riddled with termites…there are “hateful sermons in almost

every mosque” in Canada–Fatah himself did not attend a mosque and encourages Muslim

parents to keep their children out of mosques which have become schools for fanaticism.

To please US, some western countries and India, Tarek Fatah has also stated that “the spiritual

leader of Tibetan Buddhism, Dalai Lama is endorsing Sharia law when he came to speak at a

religious event in Canada.”

For writing the book, “The Jew Is Not My Enemy”, which discusses “Muslim animosity towards

the Jewish people”, Fatah has been awarded the Helen Stan Vine Canadian Book Award in

Politics and History. Fatah who received the Canadian Arab Federation’s highest award in 2001,

sharply criticized the organization in 2009, stating that its current leadership has turned the

organization “into a mouthpiece for Hamas and Hezbollah in Canada.”

Besides his connections with other hostile entities of the Islamic World, Tarek Fatah who

changes his loyalties is an Indian puppet, dancing to their tune of creating unrest in Balochistan.

He is an Indian sponsored tout whose effluent thoughts are nothing, but anti-Pakistan

propaganda. Hence, in February 2013, the website of the Toronto Sun, where he contributes his

articles to malign Islamabad, was blocked in Pakistan.

Some analysts opine that Fatah is a true specimen of discord, arising within himself, essentially

far from reality. He needs to develop maturity to understand the real world.

In fact, all his illogical thoughts prove that Fatah has been playing a double game like his

colonial masters. Although his integrity remains doubtful owing to his ambivalent statements,

yet wise individuals can easily identify his real face due to his anti-Islam and anti-Pakistan

Sajjad Shaukat writes on international affairs and is author of the book: US vs Islamic Militants,

Invisible Balance of Power: Dangerous Shift in International Relations

Posted in Pakistan & Kashmir0 Comments

Dynamics of Kashmir’s Accession to Pakistan Day

NOVANEWS

By Sajjad Shaukat

Every year, Kashmiris living on both sides of the Line of Control and Pakistan including rest of

the world celebrate July 19 as Kashmir’s Accession to Pakistan Day.

As regards the dynamics of the day, on this very day in 1947, the historical resolution was

adopted by the All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference in Abi Guzar, Srinagar during an

emergency convention at the residence of Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan. It was presided

over by Chaudhry Hamid Ullah Khan, and was presented by Khawaja Ghulam-ud-Din Wani and

Abdul Rahim Wani, with 59 prominent leaders in attendance.

The resolution was unanimously adopted, indicating that existing religious, geographical,

cultural, economic ties and the aspirations of millions of Kashmiri Muslims warrant accession of

the State of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) with Pakistan. During the partition of the Sub-continent,

the people of the State (J&K) which comprised Muslim majority decided to join Pakistan

according to the British-led formula. But, Dogra Raja, Sir Hari Singh, a Hindu who was ruling

over the J&K, in connivance with the Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Governor

General Lord Mountbatten, joined India.

The design to forcibly wrest Kashmir began to unfold on August 16, 1947, with the

announcement of the Radcliffe Boundary Award. It gave the Gurdaspur District—a majority

Muslim area to India to provide a land route to the Indian armed forces to move into Kashmir.

There was a rebellion in the state forces, which revolted against the Maharaja and were joined by

Pathan tribesmen. Lord Mountbatten ordered armed forces to land in Srinagar.

However, Indian forces invaded Srinagar on October 27, 1947 and forcibly occupied Jammu and

Kashmir in utter violation of the partition plan and against the wishes of the Kashmiri people.

When Pakistan responded militarily against the Indian aggression, on December 31, 1947, India

made an appeal to the UN Security Council to intervene, and a ceasefire ultimately came into

effect on January 01, 1949, following UN resolutions calling for a plebiscite in Kashmir. On

February 5, 1964, India backed out of its promise of holding plebiscite. Instead, in March 1965,

the Indian Parliament passed a bill, declaring Kashmir a province of India.

The very tragedy of Kashmiris had started after 1947 when they were denied their genuine right

of self-determination. They organized themselves against the injustices of India and launched a

war of liberation which New Delhi tried to suppress through various forms of state terrorism.

It is notable that since 1947, in order to maintain its illegal control, India has continued its

repressive regime in the Occupied Kashmir through various machinations. In this regard, as

already mentioned that India forcibly occupied Kashmir in gross violation of the Partition Plan of

the Indian Subcontinent, but, through the so-called-Instrument of Accession of October 27, 1947

which is illegal, and remains controversial, New Delhi justifies its hold on Kashmir.

India has also been acting upon ethnic cleansing and conspiracies to alter the demography of

the Indian-held Kashmir. In this context, Indian establishment has militarized the princely state

of Kashmir since its illegitimate occupation. In 1947, the Muslims constituted 77%, while the

Hindu population was 23%. The ratio is now 64.19% to 32.24% due to unabated killings and

other controversial acts like settlement of non-Muslim migrants (Hindus and Sikhs) from Punjab.

For the purpose, illegal land-grabbing is being practised by Indian security forces such as Army,

CRPF, ITB, and BSF in the Indian occupied Kashmir, using lease and acquisition.

Nevertheless, various sorts of state terrorism have been part of a deliberate campaign by the

Indian army and paramilitary forces against Muslim Kashmiris, especially since 1989. It has

been manifested in brutal tactics like crackdowns, curfews, illegal detentions, massacre, targeted

killings, sieges, burning the houses, torture, disappearances, rape, breaking the legs, molestation

of Muslim women and killing of persons through fake encounter.

According to a report on human rights violations in the Indian Occupied Kashmir, from

January 1989 to December 2013, there have been deaths of 93,984 innocent Kashmiris, 7,014

custodial killings, 1,22,771 arrests, 1,05,996 destruction of houses or buildings, 22,776 women

widowed, 1,07,466 children orphaned and 10,086 women gang-raped/molested.

Indian brutal security forces have continued these atrocities—extrajudicial killings in one way

or the other. From January 1 to June 15, 2014, there have been deaths of 54 innocent Kashmiris,

09 custodial killings, 3438 arrests, 08 destruction of houses or buildings, 02 women widowed, 03

children orphaned and 34 women gang-raped/molested.

In fact, Indian forces have employed various draconian and controversial laws like Armed Forces

Special Powers Act (AFSPA) and the Public Safety Act (PSA) etc. in killing the Kashmiri

people, and arbitrarily arrest of any individual for an indefinite period.

Besides Human Rights Watch, in its various reports, Amnesty International has also pointed

out grave human rights violations in the Indian controlled Kashmir, indicating, “The Muslim

majority population in the Kashmir Valley suffers from the repressive tactics of the security

forces. Under the Jammu and Kashmir Disturbed Areas Act, and the Armed Forces Special

Powers Act and Public Safety Act, security forces personnel have extraordinary powers to shoot

It is mentionable that under the cover of draconian laws, most of the times, majority of the

popular pro-movement leadership is detained or house-arrested by the Indian security forces, and

mostly, without prior orders from the higher authorities. As per a Kashmiri human rights group,

Voice of Victim (VOV), a total of 1 471 torture centers are operating in the occupied Kashmir

where arrested Kashmiri leaders and the youth are subjected to severe torture.

In this respect, European Union has passed a resolution about human rights abuses committed by

Indian forces in the Indian-held Kashmir.

It is of particular attention that in 2008, a rights group reported unmarked graves in 55 villages

across the northern regions of the Indian-controlled Kashmir. Then researchers and other groups

reported finding thousands of mass graves without markers. In this regard, in the last few years,

rights groups discovered nearly 3,000 unnamed graves in the various districts of Kashmir. In this

respect, in August, 2011, Indian Jammu and Kashmir State Human Rights Commission (SHRC)

officially acknowledged in its report that innocent civilians killed in the two-decade conflict have

been buried in unmarked graves. The report pointed out 2,156 unidentified bodies which were

found in mass graves in various regions of the Indian-held Kashmir.

Notably, foreign sources and human rights organizations have disclosed that unnamed graves

include those innocent persons, killed by the Indian military and paramilitary troops in the fake

encounters including those who were tortured to death by the Indian secret agency RAW.

It seems that non-condemnation of these Indian massive human rights violations and non-
interference for the settlement of Kashmir issue by the so-called civilized international

community, particularly the US have further encouraged New Delhi to keep on going with its

state terrorism on the armless Kashmiri masses. Ignorance of the issue by them involves the risk

of nuclear war between Pakistan and India.

Nonetheless, every year, the Kashmiris and their brethren in Pakistan, and those living all

over the world observe July 19 as Kashmir’s Accession to Pakistan Day to re-affirm their

commitment to continue their struggle against Indian illicit occupation, and till the attainment of

Sajjad Shaukat writes on international affairs and is author of the book: US vs Islamic Militants,

Invisible Balance of Power: Dangerous Shift in International Relations

Posted in Pakistan & Kashmir0 Comments

Prevent Blasphemy of the Quranic Verses

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By Sajjad Shaukat

The blasphemy of the Holy Quran is regarded as a serious crime in Pakistan, and can easily

spark public violent towards the accused person.

While the text of the original Arabic Quran is identical and unchanged since its revelation, we

will find various translations and interpretations. Anytime, a translation is done into another

language, and the translator (who is only human) has to interpret the meaning, and render it

in the new language. It is an approximation of the meaning, since words and ideas cannot be

expressed identically in different languages.

But, Arabic is a very rich language, and words have many shades of meaning. Thus, in many

languages, it often requires more wordiness to get the meaning across, which detracts from the

beautiful simplicity of the Quranic message. Arabic idioms, and the weight of the words, are

difficult to understand and translate. While Arabic is a living language, the classical Arabic of

the Quran needs more study in order to fully appreciate and understand the depths of meaning.

Another concern is the translator’s familiarity with the target language. Some translations are

done by individuals who are very knowledgeable in Arabic, but they are not able to render the

intended meaning, because they are not familiar with the nuances of the other language.

It is mentionable that in Pakistan, printing verses of the Holy Quran or its Urdu translation,

especially in Urdu newspapers and regional scripts of print media appears to have become

the current media trend-a common practice. Perhaps, the idea behind printing of verses of the

Quran or translations thereof is to promote teachings of the Quran in order to spread message

of God, Almighty Allah. No doubt, the effort signifies the spirit of virtue and high-merit,

reflecting Islamic zeal to render valuable service to fellow Muslims so as to seek blessings of

God, and mould their lives according to the teachings of Quran.

Unfortunately, the same newspapers cover filthy affairs of society, luring temptations, nudity,

sensational stories of immorality, crime, corruption, political injustices and social inequality.

While going through the newspapers, the readers pay least attention towards Quranic verses

and look for top stories, news analysis, sensational items and write-ups, containing material

to satisfy their information-needs, and in certain cases to gratify hidden desires. The attention

which requires for understanding and internalizing the message of Quran is not paid. Hence,

outstanding message of Quran is regrettably ignored, as newspapers do not create the setting

conducive for learning of Quran.

The owners and the concerned editors of the print media do not think that newspapers are

also purchased and read by non-Muslims and people of other faiths, who do not consider

it necessary to go through the verses of Quran, printed in the newspapers, and tend to draw

incorrect lessons in wake of terrorism—stalking the entire land that Pakistani print media is

promoting religious extremism. However, this practice amounts to sacrilegious act.

Similarly, hawkers while distributing newspapers simply throw the copies inside the residential

and official precincts. More often, the daily newspapers are found lying on the ground which

is again an act of blasphemy. Whereas, the issue of neglecting message of Quran, carelessness

in handling of printed material, containing Quranic verses especially by hawkers, vendors,

general readers and retail shopkeepers who also use old newspapers for packing often do not

understand that they are unwittingly involved in sacrilege.

In these terms, the message of Quran is regrettably ignored, as newspapers do not create an

environment and setting conducive to learning of Quran and understanding its true spirit.

Therefore, educated people in Pakistan feel that Quranic verses; printed through newspapers,

cause desecration of the Holy Quran. So, there is a dire need to discuss the issue in TV Talk

shows, social and print media to enable the religious scholars to issue a decree on allowing or

otherwise, the printing of Quranic verses in the newspapers. A comprehensive policy needs to

be formulated to ensure that blasphemy of Quran does not take place under all circumstances.

Nevertheless, in this respect, proper handling of Quran also requires that one to be in a state of

purity and cleanliness, and it should be placed or stored in a clean, respectable way. Inevitably,

there are times, when Quran needs to be disposed of. Children’s schoolbooks or other materials

often contain sections or verses. The entire Quran itself may be old, faded, or have broken

binding. These need to be discarded, but it is not proper to just throw it into the trash with other

items. The words of Allah must be disposed of in a way which shows reverence to the holiness

In this context, hawkers must be forbidden to throw the copies of newspapers on the ground

of the houses and offices. All the vendors, general readers and retail shopkeepers related to the

newspapers including those, using old newspapers for packing require carful handling of the

printed material, containing Quranic verses.

Notably, while translating the Quranic verses in Urdu or English, the concerned editor or

translator must be familiar with these languages, and must be very knowledgeable in Arabic.

Resultantly, the translation will be linguistically and spiritually as accurate as possible,

avoiding unintentional act of sacrilege.

Although modern printing presses are used to distribute the Quran worldwide, the printed

Arabic text of the Quran is still regarded as holy. The Arabic text of the Holy Quran, when

printed in a book, is known as the mus-haf (literally, “the pages”). There are special rules

which Muslims follow when handling—touching, or reading from the mus-haf.

The Quran itself states that only those who are clean and pure should touch the sacred text:

“This is indeed a Holy Quran, in a book well-guarded, which none shall touch but those who

are clean…”(56:77-79). The Arabic word translated here as “clean” is mutahiroon, a word

which is also sometimes translated as “purified.”

Nonetheless, all the newspapers and the related persons of Pakistan must maintain the sanctity

of the Holy Quran by preventing the blasphemy of the Quranic verses.

Posted in Pakistan & Kashmir0 Comments

India’s Nuclear Threat or Political Suicide

NOVANEWS

By Sajjad Shaukat

In his interview to an Indian TV channel, leader of the fundamentalist BJP-led ruling party Dr.

Subramaniam Swamy, a staunch promoter of Hindutva (Hindu nationalism) said on July 12, this

year that India needed only two years to defeat Pakistan militarily, and it would not shy away

from a nuclear war because ultimately there would be no Pakistan left. He elaborated, “May be

100 million will die; no problem…but we have to neutralize China.”

Swamy added that the only solution of Kashmir was war, as “there is no peaceful, democratic

solution.” About the aftermath of the withdrawal of the US-led NATO forces from Afghanistan,

he remarked, “Americans will hand over Afghanistan to Taliban and go…India should send at

least 200,000 troops to Afghanistan…their [Taliban] appetite is Jihad and Kashmir is the obvious

place…so we should be ready to go to war.” He further pointed out that Modi won the elections

2014 on the basis of Hindutva, and “those Muslims inside India who do not accept Hindu

ancestry should be disenfranchised.”

However, it is wishful thinking of the BJP leader that India can destroy Pakistan through nuclear

bombs. While both the neighbouring adversaries are nuclear powers, New Delhi should not

ignore the principles of deterrence, popularly known as balance of terror.

After the World War 11, nuclear weapons were never used, and were only employed as a

strategic threat. During the heightened days of the Cold War, many crises arose in Suez Canal,

Korea, Cuba and Vietnam when the US and the former Soviet Union were willing to use atomic

weapons, but they stopped because of the fear of nuclear war which could eliminate both the

super powers. Therefore, the two rivals preferred to resolve their differences through diplomacy.

Similarly, many occasions came between Pakistan and India, during Kargil crisis of 1998, and

Indian parliament’s attack by the militants in 2001, and particularly in 2008, in the post-Mumbai

terror attacks when New Delhi started a blame game against Islamabad in wake of its highly

provocative actions like mobilization of troops. Pakistan had also taken defensive steps to meet

any prospective aggression or surgical strikes by New Delhi. But, India failed in implementing

its aggressive plans, because Islamabad also possesses atomic weapons.

Political strategists agree that deterrence is a psychological concept which aims to affect an

opponent’s perceptions. In nuclear deterrence, weapons are less usable, as their threat is enough

in deterring an enemy who intends to use its armed might. In this context, a renowned scholar,

Hotzendorf remarks that nuclear force best serves the interests of a state when it deters an attack.

In the present circumstances, BJP is badly mistaken, if it overestimates India’s power and

underestimates Pakistan’s power. As Pakistan lacks conventional forces and weapons vis-à-vis

India, so, in case of a prolonged conflict, Pakistan will have to use nuclear weapons and missiles

which could destroy whole of India, resulting into Indian political suicide.

It is notable that under the Pak-China pretext, the then Indian Army Chief, Gen. Deepak Kapoor

had vocally revealed on December 29, 2010 that the Indian army “is now revising its five-

year old doctrine” and is preparing for a “possible two-front war with China and Pakistan.” On

October 15, 2010, the ex-Indian Army Chief Gen. VK Singh, while explaining the same concept

had openly blamed that Beijing and Islamabad posed a major threat to India’s security, while

calling for a need to upgrade country’s defence.

In May 1998, when India detonated five nuclear tests, the then Defense Minister (BJP leader)

George Fernandes had declared publicly that “China is India’s potential threat No. 1.” New Delhi

which successfully tested missile, Agni-111in May 2007, has been extending its range to target

Notably, in 2010, during his visit to India, US President Obama announced the measures,

America would take regarding removal of Indian space and defence companies from a restricted

“entities list.” Owing to various agreements with US, India has been purchasing latest and

sophisticated defence-related arms and equipments from America like Apache helicopters, the

new F-35 fighter jets etc. Besides, New Delhi has also been buying arms from Germany, France,

Russia, Italy and especially Israel.

Particularly, America which signed a deal of civil energy technology with India in 2008, desires

to make India a major power to counterbalance China in Asia. In case of Pakistan, Balochistan’s

geo-strategic location with deep Gwadar seaport, connecting rest of the world with Central Asia

has further annoyed the US and India, because Beijing has already invested billion of dollars

to develop this seaport. It is because of multiple strategic designs that the US and India seeks

to dismember both Pakistan and Iran. Notably, by rejecting US growing pressure, on March

11, 2013, Pakistan’s President Asif Ali Zardari inaugurated the gas pipeline project with Iran.

Pakistan also handed over the control of Gwader seaport to China.

During the trip of Chinese Prime Minister Li Keqiang to Islamabad, Pakistan and China signed

several agreements on May 22, 2013 to strengthen and diversify cooperation in various fields

including completion of the Gwader seaport. Premier Li Keqiang supported Pakistan’s proposal

of China-Pakistan economic corridor to improve connectivity between Pakistan and China,

saying that both sides decided on a long term programme—a strategic idea, assuring that Beijing

was also ready to upgrade Karrakuram Highway and to sign Sino-Pak civilian nuclear deal.

It is mentionable that after the NATO forces quit Afghanistan in December, 2014, the puppet

regime of Kabul will fall like a house of cards due to stiff resistance of the Afghan Taliban who

will reemerge. India which has supported the Northern Alliance seeks to further strengthened its

grip there to get strategic depth against Islamabad, will not be able to maintain its network and

development projects due to successful guerrilla warfare of the Taliban. New Delhi which has

shifted Afghan war to Pakistan, with the backing of Washington, will have to face the different

war, as the Islamic militants are well-organized, having connections with one another from

Somalia to Iraq and from Uzbekistan to Afghanistan or elsewhere. These non-state actors could

reach India, especially the Indian-occupied Kashmir.

It is noteworthy that currently, more than half of India’s budget is allocated for armed forces, and

defence purchases, leaving even less to lift millions of its citizens from abject poverty. Hence,

various justices have further intensified regional and ethnic disparities in India.

It is worth-mentioning that the one of the important causes of the disintegration of the former

Soviet Union was that its greater defence expenditure exceeded to the maximum, resulting into

economic crises inside the country. In this regard, about a prolonged war in Afghanistan, the

former President Gorbachev had declared it as the “bleeding wound.” However, militarization of

the Soviet Union failed in controlling the movements of liberation, launched by various ethnic

nationalities. On the other hand, while learning no lesson from India’s previous close friend,

Indian new Prime Minister Narendra Modi of the BJP is acting upon the similar policies.

Nevertheless, under the mask of democracy and secularism, Indian subsequent regimes

dominated by politicians from the Hindi heartland—Hindutva, use brutal force ruthlessly against

any move to free Assam, Kashmir, Khalistan, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu and Tripura

where wars of liberation continue in one or the other form. In the recent years, Maoist intensified

their struggle, attacking official installments. In this context, Indian media admitted that Maoists

have now entered the cities, expanding their activities against the Indian union. While, even

under the rule of Congress which claims to be secular party, Indian extremist parties like BJP,

RSS, VHP, Shev Sina and Bajrang Dal have missed no opportunity to communalize national

politics of India. They also intensified anti-Christian and anti-Muslim bloodshed.

After serving the BJP for 30 years, Jaswant Singh was expelled from the party for praising

Mohammad Ali Jinnah and echoing the pain of the Indian Muslims in his book, “Jinnah: India,

Partition, Independence.” While pointing out the BJP’s attitude towards the minorities, Singh

wrote: “Every Muslim that lives in India is a loyal Indian…look into the eyes of Indian Muslims

and see the pain.” He warned in his book, if such a policy continued, “India could have third

Past and present history of Balkan gives ample evidence that insurgency and movement of

separatism in one country have drastic impact on other neighbouring states. Similarly, civil war

and unrest either in Somalia or Sudan have affected all the states of Darfur region, while violent

uprising in Egypt, Syria etc. has radicalized a number of the Middle East countries. Indian state

terrorism in the Indian-held Kashmir in wake of Israeli continued atrocities on the Palestinians in

Gaza will further radicalize Asia.

Nonetheless, irresponsible and unrealistic approach of the BJP-led government in the modern

era of peaceful settlement of disputes and economic development could culminate into political

suicide of the India union.

Sajjad Shaukat writes on international affairs and is author of the book: US vs Islamic Militants,

Invisible Balance of Power: Dangerous Shift in International Relations

Posted in India0 Comments

How the West has always backed brutal Sri Lanka

NOVANEWS

My weekly Guardian column:

The Sri Lankan Navy band was busy last week, learning the tune to Waltzing Matilda. They played it to welcome Scott Morrison, the Australian immigration minister, who was visiting to launch two patrol boats donated by the Australian government. A photo of the moment,tweeted by journalist Jason Koutsoukis, showed Morrison sitting alongside president Mahinda Rajapaksa and his brother, defence minister Gotabaya Rajapaksa.

Perhaps it didn’t worry Morrison that there are growing calls to prosecute Gotabaya Rajapaksa for war crimes, because of his actions in 2009 during the Sri Lankan civil war. Australia has been aware of Sri Lanka’s breaches of human rights for some time.

Australia is now closer to the regime than ever, because of their assistance in implementing Morrison’s tough border protection strategy. As Emily Howie, the director of advocacy and research at the Melbourne-based Human Rights Law Centre, reported in 2013, “the Australian government is actively funding and supporting Sri Lanka to undertake these interceptions [of asylum seekers].”

Her report was based on interviews she gathered in Sri Lanka with people who wanted to leave and were stopped, interrogated and often tortured. Howie wrote in The Conversation that arbitrary detention, beatings and torture are routinely meted out to those in custody, Tamil and Sinhalese, with Canberra’s knowledge.

The Australian Federal Police (AFP) works closely with its Sri Lankan counterparts, providing training, intelligence, vehicles and surveillance equipment. This has been happening for years. From time to time, stories surface alleging that AFP offers have been present during Sri Lankan police beatings and interrogations of returned asylum seekers. If true, this fits into a wider pattern of Western officials colluding with thuggish militias and authorities over the last few decades, including in Northern IrelandIraq and Afghanistan.

Britain has had its own peculiar involvement in the darkness of Sri Lanka’s recent past. A groundbreaking new report by British researcher and journalist Phil Miller, a researcher at London-based Corporate Watch and regular contributor to Open Democracy on detention issues, outlines how brutal British tactics utilised in Northern Ireland were brought to Sri Lanka in its war against dissidents and Tamils.

The report uncovers new evidence of government and mercenary elements colluding to put down Tamil independence and calls for equal rights. From the early 1980s, London denied any official involvement in training Sri Lankan “para-military [forces] for counter-insurgency operations” but documents show how the British were working closely with Colombo to stamp out the Tamil Tiger insurgency.

Britain saw a unique opportunity to maintain influence with Colombo by training a generation of Sri Lankan officers. London set up a military academy there in 1997, supplied a range of weapons to the army, assisted Sri Lankan intelligence agencies, protected Sri Lanka in international forums against abuse allegations and pressured various governments to ban the Tamil Tigers as a terrorist organisation after the attacks of September 11, 2001.

One month after the end of the civil war in 2009, Britain was working to assist the growth of Sri Lanka’s police department. There was no concern over the serious allegations of massive human rights abuses of Tamil civilians by the Sri Lankan military. The agenda was economic and political, with Liam Fox, the British defence minister, explaining in June 2011 that Sri Lanka played a vital role in combating international piracy.

“Sri Lanka is located in a pivotal position in the Indian Ocean with major international shipping routes between the Far East and the Gulf within 25 miles of your coast”, he said.

Russia, China, Israel and America have sold military hardware to Colombo both before and after 2009. Wikileaks cables show the US government recognised the Sri Lankan military’s role in atrocities during the civil war. Although the Tamil Tigers undeniably committed terrorist acts, state terrorism by the Sri Lankan establishment was far worse. Australia’s view has been consistent for decades: Canberra rarely recognises state terrorism if committed by an ally.

Australia’s former high commissioner to Sri Lanka, Bruce Haigh, stationed in the country from 1994, recalls how the high commission in Colombo would regularly liaise with its Sri Lankan counterparts, run training programs and accept Colombo’s line that any and all Tamils associated with the liberation struggle were terrorists.

This mindset existed long before September 11. Little has changed, though. Tony Abbott, the Australian prime minister, has gone even further than his mentor, John Howard, by expressing sympathy for a Sri Lankan regime that tortures its opponents and refuses to endorse an independent investigation into the end of the civil war.

How nations like Australia should relate to Sri Lanka and other human rights abusing countries is a tough question, when Canberra itself routinely breaches its international obligations. At the very least, we should call for rights to be recognised and improved in foreign lands and at home.

Posted in Sri Lanka0 Comments

India I$raHell Nazi real Friends

NOVANEWS

Mr. Modi– do not court apartheid Israel in my name

I have never quite known the exact inflections to the label “World’s largest democracy” ??? that is accorded to my country, India.  Does it mean (a) that the Government is the most democratic? Or does it mean (b) that India is the most populous country that has a democratically elected government? The first interpretation would imply faith in the Indian state while the second interpretation, taken to its logical conclusion, would point to a faith in the Indian people who have over the years continued to opt for this form of government with all the known caveats of such a form being limited, class-based and often ineffectual.

Last week as hundreds of people exercised their democratic right and demonstrated in solidarity with their Palestinian sisters and brothers at the Israeli embassy in New Delhi, the Indian state violently attacked the unarmed, nonviolent demonstrators, injuring several and arresting several more.  But in doing so, it also settled once more the question of where the democratic impulse of a country truly lies: in its people, never in its state.

Why did the newly elected Modi government, fresh from an overwhelming electoral victory, risk exposing the steel fist behind his velvety rhetoric of ‘development’ and ‘acchhedeen’ [good days]?

Because a relationship with the Israeli state was worth a few wounded protesters.

New Delhi demo

New Delhi demo

India today provides the largest market for Israeli military equipment, accounting for nearly 50 % of Israel’s weapon’s sales.  The military business between the two nations is worth around US$9 billion.

Where so much money is involved can love be far behind? An extensive survey done by the Israeli foreign ministry in 2009 found that India surpassed the US in its ‘sympathy’ for the Israeli state.  According to this report “58% of Indian respondents showed sympathy to the Jewish State. The United States came in second, with 56% of American respondents sympathizing with Israel.”[1] Even if this single survey is close to accurate, it indicates that nearly half of India’s population does not currently sympathize with Israel.

India-Israel Relationship: The Anticolonial Legacy

Both India and Israel as nation-states were born a year apart from each other, but under radically different circumstances.  In 1947 India gained her independence from two hundred years of British rule through a massive anti-colonial movement of ordinary people.  The state of Israel was born in 1948 through the organized ethnic cleansing of 531 Palestinian villages, which forced 750,000 Palestinians into exile and more than 13,000 Palestinians dead with Britain playing midwife to this process.

Due to the radically different processes of their births, people who played leading roles in the anti-imperialist upsurge in India saw the argument for a Zionist state for what it was: an operation in dispossession and violence.  So Gandhi, commenting on British mandate of 1923, said:

My sympathies are all with the Jews. I have known them intimately in South Africa. Some of them became life-long companions. Through these friends I came to learn much of their age-long persecution. They have been the untouchables of Christianity. The parallel between their treatment by Christians and the treatment of untouchables by Hindus is very close. Religious sanction has been invoked in both cases for the justification of the inhuman treatment meted out to them. Apart from the friendships, therefore, there is the more common universal reason for my sympathy for the Jews.

But my sympathy does not blind me to the requirements of justic

Palestine belongs to the Arabs in the same sense that England belongs to the English or France to the French. It is wrong and inhuman to impose the Jews on the Arabs. What is going on in Palestine today cannot be justified by any moral code of conduct. The mandates have no sanction but that of the last war [World War I]. Surely it would be a crime against humanity to reduce the proud Arabs so that Palestine can be restored to the Jews partly or wholly as their national home.

Thus, when the UN General Assembly voted on the Partition of Palestine in 1947, the newly born nation-state of India proudly voted against it.   Vijay Lakshmi Pandit was the Indian ambassador to the UN.  It was not coincidental that she was also one of the first women to become an UN Delegate and imprisoned several times by the British, a veteran of many street fights against colonial rule.

But it would be wrong to designate this gesture of solidarity towards Palestine as an act of generosity by the Indian State.  Instead, we ought to see the behavior of this generation of State leaders as acts of a group of politicians who had not yet coalesced themselves fully as a unified ruling class over their people.  Coming fresh from an insurgent mass anti-imperialist movement, the dust of their street fighting days still clung to their administrative robes and their distance with civil society was yet to be fully consolidated.

The international context too was very different that allowed such acts of solidarity to blossom.   Inspired by a wave of anti-imperialist struggles in Africa and Asia, fighters against oppression and racism in one country backed similar fights by their sisters and brothers elsewhere.  Israel was for example not invited to the 1955 Bandung Conference in Indonesia in respect of the protest of Arab states. Also, despite the post–War American state’s pugilist defense of Zionism, Indian people could never forget the tremendous solidarity ordinary American people showed for the freedom struggle in India.  The leading African American labor leader A. Philip Randolph, was one amongst many voices, who argued that “Negroes should back India” because the “freedom of the people of India” was “intimately tied up with the freedom of the Negro people of America.”[2] Similarly, Jawaharlal Nehru, as a leader of the anti-imperialist struggle in India, was one of the founding members of the League Against Imperialism (1927) alongside the leading internationalists of the era such as the Algerian freedom fighter Messali Hadj, J. T. Gumedi of the African National Congress and Albert Einstein.[3] (Nehru was less than perfect in his ‘anti-imperialism,’ it must be noted, when it came to India’s relationship to Kashmir).

It is precisely due to this global context of internationalism and solidarity that it is easy to identify the outliers: political forces that propagated the most vicious forms of nationalism, racism and tried from the outset to tie the broad interests of a anti-colonial mass movement to the narrow class interests of a State.

In India these were the Hindu nationalists who had earned their political colors through virulent anti-Muslim propaganda and violent anti-Muslim riots.  Their leader V. R. Savarkar, a founder figure for the present day BJP and RSS, was noted for his admiration of Adolph Hitler, his incitement towards pogroms against Muslims and—his admiration and support for Israel.  Indeed, his latter day admirers have correctly identified him as the “Hindu counterpart of a Zionist” for Savarkar from the very start “defined the Hindus as a nation attached to a motherland, rather than as a religious community”. [4]

India: From Anti-Colonialism to a Nation-State

The generation of anti-imperialists who took the helm of the Indian government soon realized that the class interests of the State were rarely going to coincide with the mass interests of the people, and as defenders of the State they began to learn to act as “special bodies of armed men placed above society”.  Thus the same Nehru who had stridently backed India’s UN vote against Israel in 1947, asked for Israel’s military support in his sub-imperialist war against China in 1962.  Of course, Nehru’s learning process as the guardian of State power had been aided by his brutal campaign against the Communist led peasants in Telengana, instructing the Indian Army to raze villages in Nagaland and shoot demonstrators in Kashmir, all the name of Indian ‘Unity’.[5] The Indian State was now beginning to tower over the past legacy of anti-imperialism and its own people.  It should thus come as no surprise that in a statement in 1954, Nehru recognizing the process in which Israel was established said that he would not “be a party to a resolution which stated that the creation of Israel was a violation of international law”.

And yet despite this uneven history, through the seventies and eighties, the Indian state was more noted for its pro-Arab profile than its backing of Zionism.  Things began to change from the late eighties due to three prominent factors:

First, the triumph of neoliberalism worldwide through the eighties meant that Global financial institutions such as the IMF and the World Bank could now impose punitive debt-regimes on the countries of the global South.  This required pliant national governments who would readily do their bidding and quell any protests from the people of these countries.  This also meant that the national ruling classes of these countries signed on to a project to defend and kowtow to US imperialism in general terms as the US army provided the firepower behind the paper contracts of the IMF.  This new re-orientation of these countries towards the US went hand in hand with a recalibration of their diplomatic ties with the US’s greatest ally: Israel.  In the case of India, the timeline for these processes could not be clearer: India signed on to economic liberalization in 1991.  In 1992, the Indian state re-established formal diplomatic ties with Israel.

Secondly and closely related to the developments above, the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Stalinist regimes of Eastern Europe were important factors in this process of global realignment.  The fall of the USSR and its satellites engendered a triumphalist rhetoric that capitalism had won against ‘Socialism’ and all of its contending ideological barriers.  For those of us who grew up in India in the shadow of the Naxalite movement of the late sixties and with posters of Leila Khaledin our rooms, we witnessed a rapid replacement in public culture of anti-colonial or anti-capitalist icons with newly manufactured icons of a synthetic ‘Indian’ nationalism whose anti-colonial roots had been surgically removed.  Instead of the Bollywood hero of the forties who fought the British or the Bollywood hero of the seventies who fought the capitalist bosses, we had the new Bollywood hero who spent summers in Switzerland and always had the key to cosmopolitanism close at hand:  a can of Coca-Cola.  The political project of an US-led world order was thus not merely secured economically through bodies like the World Bank and the IMF, but also culturally through the creation and circulation of such images in the mass media.

Thirdly, the new “India” that came to be born in this era of neoliberal restructuring of the economy and the cultural milieu had a very specific enunciation.  The new muscular neoliberal nationalism was suffused very deliberately with the strong colors of majoritarian Hindu nationalism.  In the name of the nation, a frenzied Islamophobic campaign was whipped up by the Hindu nationalists precisely as the economy was being liberalized which ended in the demolition of the Babri Masjid in 1992 and violent pogroms against Muslims.  The wave of nationalism culminated in the electoral rule of the Hindu nationalist party, the BJP, from 1997 to 2004 riding on the wave of an intense anti-Pakistan political rhetoric.  All of this had the effect of drawing the Indian state further closer to its new Zionist friend.  After all, for the Hindu nationalists, Israel had done what they aspired towards: a successful ‘containment’ of its Muslim population through either outright ethnic cleansing or political disenfranchisement.   The Israeli newspaper Haaretz correctly surmised: “Relations between Israel and India tend to grow stronger when … India experiences a rightward shift in anti-Muslim public opinion or in leadership”. [6]

From the River to the Sea

As I write this piece, Israel has moved in ground troops to Gaza after its twelve-day campaign of heavy bombardment, 80% of the casualties of which has been civilians.  Meanwhile, the Indian government has refused any discussion of this genocidal assault on a captive population, claiming India has “diplomatic ties with both nations and any discourteous reference to a friendly country would affect relations.” [7]

I am no longer surprised that this is the position of the Indian State—for it is now headed by a man who rose to political prominence over the systematic massacre of Muslims in Gujarat in 2002 and on the basis of promises to deliver to big business a healthy supply of cheap labor. He hopes to bind the Indian state more firmly to the Israeli apartheid state through the poisonous tendrils of Islamophobia and the networks of military profits.

But what is a state to do when the people it claims to represent go against its interests?

In 2012 Indian academics, students and social justice activists took up the call of Palestinian civil society to Boycott, Divest and Sanction (BDS) Israel. [8]  This is of course a result of the internationalization of BDS as a movement across the globe.  But it is also due to the work of activists in India who have over the years consistently raised the question of Palestinian freedom and linking it to wider questions of US imperialism and the collusion of the Indian state.  These were people who had already witnessed the horror of anti-Muslim pogroms in their own country in 1992 in Mumbai, in 2002 in Gujarat.  They had seen the burning bodies and heard of the targeted rapes.  So they were very clear on the need to fight Islamophobia both within the borders of India and without.

New Delhi demo

New Delhi demo

Thus when Israel started bombing Gaza on July 8, people started mobilizing for their Palestinian brothers and sisters across several Indian cities. Several organizations gathered at the Israeli Embassy in the capital New Delhi to protest the massacre in Gaza.  Kavita Krishnan, a leading feminist and the President of the All India Progressive Women’s Association, told me:

We had reached the Embassy and sat outside the gate, raising slogans. And the Delhi police went berserk. They did not just remove us from the premises, they seemed to take personal offence at pro-Palestine slogans. So when four policewomen were dragging me away and I raised a slogan, one of them hit me on the mouth with her helmet. They used batons on the protesters (mostly students) and detained around 70 of us all day in a police station. The station house officer at the police station told other activists and lawyers who intervened that the Indian Ministry of External Affairs had been on their case for allowing a protest at the Israeli embassy!

…with BJP [in power], its cadre are trying to distort history and portray solidarity with Palestine as somehow ‘anti national’ and ‘pro-terrorist’! In fact, for India to side with Israel in this brutal massacre, is to do violence to the spirit of India’s own anti-colonial legacy.

As an immigrant who has been away for two decades from her country, I often wonder what images I ought to convey to my young daughter when she asks me about my land.  Should it be the indigo Passport that I hold in my hand as I cross international borders? Is it the face of the newly elected Prime Minister that only brings back for me memories of another genocide? Or is it the tricolor flag that I see people wave on ritual days to orchestrate difference with others?

After last week’s protests all over India in support of Palestine, I know I can tell my daughter that my country lies waiting in the defiance of its people and in the new histories that they are now writing of borderless solidarity.

[1] http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3696887,00.html

[2] Gerald Horne, The End of Empires: African Americans and India (Temple University Press, 2008).

[3] Vijay Prashad, The Darker Nations: A People’s History of the Third World (The New Press, 2008).

[4] http://www.scribd.com/doc/9680428/Hindu-Pro-Zionism-and-Philo-Semitism

[5] Perry Anderson, The Indian Ideology (Verso: 2013).

[6] http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/news/israel-india-relations-strong-but-low-key-1.258562

[7] http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2014-07-17/news/51656976_1_narendra-modi-government-gaza-situation-bjp-government

[8] http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2014-07-17/news/51656976_1_narendra-modi-government-gaza-situation-bjp-government

Posted in India, ZIO-NAZI0 Comments

Kashmir: Martyrs’ Day is Alive

NOVANEWS
By Sajjad Shaukat

The Martyrs’ Day, known as Youme Shuhada-e-Kashmir is observed on July 13 every year on both sides of the Line of Control and all over the world by the Kashmiris to pay homage to 22 Kashmiris who were martyred in 1931 to free Kashmir from the brutalities of despotic Dogra rulers. The day is the milestone in the history of Kashmiri struggle against foreign occupation.

However, the history of Dogra rule (1846-1947) in Kashmir is replete with tyrannous treatment, meted out to the Kashmiri Muslims by Dogra forces. Under the Dogra rule, they were leading so miserable life that it was difficult to differentiate them from beasts. Slave labour, heavy taxes, capital punishment for cow slaughter, and living under constant terror was order of the day.

In this regard, Yousaf Saraf in his book, ‘Kashmiris Fight for Freedom’ calls it “free forced labour” and “instead of donkeys and horses, Kashmiri Muslims were used for transportation of goods across the far-flung areas.” Atrocities of the Dogra regime could also be judged from the book of Sir Walter Lawrence, ‘The India We Served’. While describing the pathetic picture of the Kashmiris, he writes, “Army was employed in forcing the villagers to plough and sow, and worse still, the soldiers came at harvest time and when the share of the state had been seized” and “there was very little grain to tide the unfortunate peasants over the cruel winter.”

On April 19, 1931, the ban of Eid Khutba (Sermon) ignited widespread demonstrations in the Jummu city for a number of days. It was followed by desecration of the Holy Quran at the hands of Dogra forces, which resulted into outrage among the Muslims throughout the state. In Srinagar, people gathered in Jamia Masjid to denounce this blasphemy. One such get-together was held in Khankah-e-Muella Srinagar, which was addressed by prominent Kashmiris. When the meeting was concluded, a youth, Abdul Qadeer, pointing his finger to the Maharaja’s palace, raised slogans “destroy its every brick.” With the accusation of sedition, he was arrested forthwith. Abdul Qadir was to be tried in the court but due to large public resentment, the court was shifted to Central Jail Srinagar.

On July 12, 1931, in response to the shifting of court, intense public protests were held throughout the city. The next day, on July 13, 1931, thousands of people thronged the Central Jail Srinagar to witness the in-camera trial of Abdul Qadeer. As the time for obligatory prayer approached, a young Kashmiri stood for Azan. The Dogra Governor, Ray Zada Tartilok Chand ordered soldiers to open fire at him. When he got martyred, another young man took his place and started Azan. He was also shot dead. In this way, 22 Kashmiris embraced martyrdom in their efforts to complete the Azan. The people carried the dead and paraded through the streets of Srinagar, chanting slogans against Dogra brutalities. Complete strike was observed in the city, which was followed by weeklong mourning. This incident shook the whole state and the traffic from Srinagar to Rawalpindi and Srinagar to Jammu came to halt from July 13 to 26, 1931. The 22 martyrs are buried in Martyrs’ Graveyard at Khawaja Bazar, Srinagar.

Consequent upon these brutal killings, the Kashmiri leadership realized the need to form a political party, Muslim Conference (MC) with a view to waging struggle for their freedom. Later, in 1934, state’s first elections were held and MC won 10 out of 21 seats, and after two years in 1936, it succeeded in getting 19 out of 21 seats. Indian Congress was upset with this situation and tried to create division in the ranks of Kashmiri leadership. Afterwards, on July 19, 1947, MC passed a resolution to merge Kashmir with Pakistan, considering the geographical proximity—majority of Muslim population (77%), language and cultural relations of Jammu and Kashmir.

Ironically, despite a lapse of 66 years, Kashmiris are still struggling and sacrificing to achieve their alienable right under the UN resolutions for the plebiscite in Jammu and Kashmir. Kashmir Valley is one of the most heavily militarized regions in the world with Indian 7 million armed security forces which are perpetrating various forms of state terrorism on the innocent Kashmiris. Since 1989, a deliberate campaign by the Indian army and paramilitary forces against the Kashmiris has been manifested in brutal tactics such as crackdowns, curfews, illegal detentions, massacre, targeted killings, sieges, burning the houses, torture, disappearances, rape, breaking the legs, molestation of Muslim women and killing of persons through fake encounter.

According to a report on human rights violations in the Indian Occupied Kashmir, from January 1989 to December 2013, there have been deaths of 93,984 innocent Kashmiris, 7,014 custodial killings, 1,22,771 arrests, 1,05,996 destruction of houses or buildings, 22,776 women widowed,  1,07,466 children orphaned and  10,086 women gang-raped/molested.

Indian brutal securities forces have continued these atrocities—extrajudicial killings in way or the other.  From January 1 to June 15, 2014, there have been deaths of 54 innocent Kashmiris, 09 custodial killings, 3438 arrests, 08 destruction of houses or buildings, 02 women widowed, 03 children orphaned and 34 women gang-raped/molested.

Besides Human Rights Watch, in its various reports, Amnesty International has also pointed out grave human rights violations in the Indian controlled Kashmir, indicating, “The Muslim majority population in the Kashmir Valley suffers from the repressive tactics of the security forces. Under the Jammu and Kashmir Disturbed Areas Act, and the Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act and Public Safety Act, security forces personnel have extraordinary powers to shoot suspected persons.”

In this respect, European Union has passed a resolution about human rights abuses committed by Indian forces in the Indian held Kashmir.

It is of particular attention that in 2008, a rights group reported unmarked graves in 55 villages across the northern regions of the Indian-held Kashmir. Then researchers and other groups reported finding thousands of mass graves without markers. In this regard, in the last few years, rights groups discovered nearly 3,000 unnamed graves in the various districts of Kashmir. In this respect, in August, 2011, Indian Jammu and Kashmir State Human Rights Commission (SHRC) officially acknowledged in its report that innocent civilians killed in the two-decade conflict have been buried in unmarked graves. The report indicated 2,156 unidentified bodies which were found in mass graves in various regions of the Indian-held Kashmir.

Notably, foreign sources and human rights organisations have revealed that unnamed graves include those innocent persons, killed by the Indian military and paramilitary troops in the fake encounters including those who were tortured to death by the Indian secret agency RAW.

In its report China’s leading News Agency Xinhua has unearthed more gruesome details on world-stunning unmarked graves in Poonch of the Indian occupied Kashmir. The report revealed the statement of Sofi Aziz Joo, caretaker of a graveyard as saying, “Police and Army used to bring those bodies and direct me to bury them. The bodies were usually bullet-ridden, mutilated, faces disfigured and sometimes without limbs and heads.”

While, Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons (APDP) and rights groups have pointed out that more than 10,000 people have disappeared, accusing government forces of staging fake gun battles to cover up killings. They also revealed that suspected persons had been arrested and were murdered through arbitrary executions, and then buried in unmarked graves.

It seems that non-condemnation of these Indian massive human rights violations and non-interference for the settlement of this issue by the so-called civilized international community, especially the US have further encouraged New Delhi to keep on going with its state terrorism on the armless Kashmiri masses. Ignorance of the issue by them involves the risk of nuclear war between Pakistan and India.

Indian authorities are not willing to talk with Kashmiri people on political grounds. New Delhi reached to a conclusion that only bullet is the right way of dealing with Kashmiris, demanding their right of self-determination. Surprisingly, Indian successive governments are trying to ignore the dynamics of the freedom movement of Kashmiris for the sake of their alien rule.

It is notable that dialogue between India and Pakistan took place on a number of occasions, but produced no outcome, prolonging the agony of the subjugated people of the occupied Kashmir due to Indian intransigence.

Nevertheless, observance of Kashmiris’ freedom struggle during the Martyrs’ Day every year is reaffirmation of the fact that Kashmiris will continue to fight against Indian illicit occupation. In this context, Youme Shuhada-e-Kashmir is an ideal day for Kashmiris to seek inspiration to take their war of liberation to its logical end. At this time of distress, the people of Pakistan’s side are sharing the grief of Kashmiri freedom lovers. Pakistan also observes Youme Shudaha-e-Kashmir on July 13, launching a protest against the oppressive polices of Indian occupation, which have continued against the hapless Kashmiris.

Nonetheless, on July 13, all over the world, Kashmiris renew their pledge to continue the ongoing war of liberation for the accomplishment of their right of self-determination and for the independence of Kashmir from the despotic Indian rulers who continue state terrorism in the Indian-controlled Kashmir like the Dogra rulers. Therefore, Martyrs’ Day is alive today.

Sajjad Shaukat writes on international affairs and is author of the book: US vs Islamic Militants, Invisible Balance of Power

 

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