Tag Archive | "Turkey"

Turkey Shoots Itself in the Foot by Providing Syrian “Opposition” with Advanced Weapons


The Syrian government’s offensive in northwestern provinces of Hama and Lattakia that began almost a month ago fell short of expectations. Having briefly established control over a number of areas, the Syrian army units were forced to retreat due to fierce counter-attacks by the armed opposition factions. After that the campaign transformed into a prolonged stand-off framed by sporadic clashes and mutual shelling.

The robust defense of the opposition forces is rooted into two key factors. First, the armed factions that previously existed in a state of a permanent internal struggle managed to join their ranks and reinforced the front lines with additional troops. The attacks of the Syrian army are currently being repelled by fighters of the National Liberation Front (NLF) that is considered part of the moderate opposition, members of Al Qaeda’s affiliate in Syria Hayat Tahrir Al Sham (HTS) and Uighur jihadists from Islamic Turkistan Party.

Second, the militants benefit from the use of advanced weapons, primarily ATGMs, that give them the capability to target armored vehicles from a distance and stall offensive actions of the government forces.

Since the beginning of the escalation the opposition launched dozens of ATGMs against the army units. It would appear that a lack of munitions is not a concern for them as an urgent weapons supply line was opened by Turkey.

Last week, a Turkish convoy carrying a large batch of weapons and munitions arrived at the NLF-held town of Jabal Al Zawieh. In an interview to Reuters the NLF spokesman Naji Mustafa did not deny that the group received Turkish weapons.

Besides ATGMs, the armed opposition factions were also supplied with Turkish-made Panthera F9 armored personnel carriers. Pictures posted on social media demonstrate that at least three vehicles are in possession of the opposition.

In addition to that, members of Turkey-backed factions that are normally based in northern Aleppo were recently redeployed to the front lines in northern Hama.

Despite any short-term gains, by providing the opposition forces with weapons on a large scale Turkey risks to harm its own interests in Syria.

Taking into account that during the last few years the HTS extremists have effectively established dominance over Idlib, it’s not hard to predict that Turkey-supplied weapons will end up in the group’s hands. These developments would not only hinder peaceful settlement of the situation in Idlib that Turkey is a part of, but also threaten Ankara’s ambitions of strengthening it’s influence in northern Syria. Such repercussions must come as another warning to the Turkish authorities who risk to witness internal turmoil due to their ill-advised actions abroad.


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Solidarity with TKP for the upcoming municipal elections


The Party for Socialism and Liberation sends revolutionary greetings to the Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) and extends its best wishes for the utmost success in their electoral campaign for upcoming municipal elections on March 31, 2019.

As the party of the working class, TKP is the only revolutionary force in the elections that is putting forth the class struggle against the rule of capitalists. We are following with excitement and inspiration the electoral campaign that TKP is conducting with the slogans “Against the reign of capital, the people have TKP” and “We are not in the same boat”.

All the bourgeois parties in the municipal elections, whether on the left or right, see the municipalities as institutions for plunder of public resources and exploitation of the municipal workers for the benefit of the capitalist class. In total contrast, TKP puts forth the communist municipal program based on the administration of the municipalities by the active and organized participation of the workers, guaranteeing the people the right to public housing, the right to public transport, education and public parks.

With a list of mayoral candidates who are all workers themselves and the Party’s militants out on the streets engaging with the working class and the poor all over Turkey, presenting them the program for socialism, we are confident that TKP will emerge from these elections having raised the class consciousness and won many workers to the fight for socialism.

It is our firm conviction that the victory for a working class revolution in any country depends on the presence of a strong revolutionary party that will lead the working class in the struggle to overthrow the capitalist class and fulfill its historic mission by constructing socialist society where the political and economic power is in the hands of the workers. In Turkey, TKP is that revolutionary party.

The Party for Socialism and Liberation once again expresses its international solidarity with TKP and wishes great success in the municipal elections next week.

Long live the TKP!

Long live socialism!

PSL International Relations Department

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Zionist regime, Turkey Hold Secret Talks in United Arab Emirates


Israel, Turkey Hold Secret Talks in United Arab Emirates

It is not known exactly what will be discussed by the two parties, but if the secret talks prove successful they are expected to return their respective ambassadors in early October.

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Erdogan wins elections for Presidency of Turkey

Erdogan wins elections for Presidency of Turkey while his AK Party loses parliamentary majority: The struggle continues



Anti-government protest in Turkey. Photo: soL

Following the double elections held on June 24 in Turkey for the presidency and the parliament, the current president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan won the presidential election in the first round with 52.5 percent of the votes. In the parliamentary elections, while Erdoğan’s ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) lost its absolute majority in the parliamentary elections with 42.5 percent of the vote and 295 seats in a 600 member parliament, they will still be able to retain power through a coalition with its junior partner — the fascist Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) which secured 49 seats with 11 percent of the vote.

On the opposition front, the main social democratic opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) presidential candidate Muharrem İnce received only 30.6 percent of the vote. Having entered the parliamentary elections as the “National Alliance” with the newly formed ultra-right Good Party (İYİ) and the far-right Islamist Felicity Party (SP), CHP got only 22.6 percent of the vote and 146 seats. CHP’s junior partner Good Party led by Meral Akşener, an open fascist, an ex-MHP deputy and former interior minister with links to unresolved political murders, cleared the 10 percent parliamentary threshold to secure 43 seats.

The main Kurdish opposition, the Peoples’ Democracy Party (HDP), was also able to clear the parliamentary threshold with over 11 percent of the vote for 67 seats. HDP’s imprisoned presidential candidate and former party co-chair Selahattin Demirtaş got 8.4 percent of the vote. In a statement following the elections, HDP co-chair Pervin Buldan said: “The results of the election revealed once again that the peoples of Turkey strongly believe that it is not a democracy without HDP”. The other HDP co-chair Sezai Temelli indicated that despite all the attacks HDP was subjected to during their electoral campaign, they continued with their campaign work due to their belief in democracy. Democratic rights in Turkey, however, have been under intense siege and in many cases eviscerated entirely, especially since the 2016 coup attempt that was cynically manipulated by the government to crack down on its opponents.

One of the first to congratulate Erdoğan was the Turkish Industry and Business Association (TÜSİAD). TÜSİAD represents the traditional, secular block within the capitalist class of Turkey.

“Congratulations for the election results in our country, now it is time for reforms under social reconciliation. We have left behind a very important election process for Turkey. Congratulations to Mr. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan who has been re-elected as the president, and to the new parliament.”

In the same statement, TÜSİAD listed “a rational economy and financial discipline” as one of the critical items that should be on the new government’s agenda. It is not difficult to decipher TÜSİAD’s expectations expressed in double-speak: More austerity measures and a further intensified assault on the working class of Turkey.

Erdoğan consolidates his dictatorship

The elections are the follow up to a constitutional referendum held earlier in April 2017 to turn Turkey into an executive presidency. With the fascist MHP’s support, AKP was able to get a two-thirds majority in the parliament to call for the referendum. The AKP won the referendum by a very close 51-49 percent margin amid reports of fraud, including the counting of unverified ballots.

The new constitution establishes a “presidential” regime, giving the president the ability to rule by decree. This essentially means perpetual rule under state of emergency. The reforms also eliminated the office of prime minister and more or less rendered the national parliament powerless. It is a historic setback that imperils what remains of the gains of the 1923 bourgeois democratic revolution, which swept away the Ottoman Empire and established a constitutional order with some degree of respect for civil liberties along with a secular system of public education.

The elections for both parliament and the presidency following the referendum was scheduled for November 2019. In what appears to be an effort to secure another five-year term before a potential economic crisis — a development that may very well be around the corner as inflation continues to spiral out of control — the ruling AKP called in April for snap elections, again with far-right MHP’s support.

It is important to note that the overall right wing vote in the legislative election adds up to 65 percent, almost two-thirds of the popular vote. This is clearly a defeat for the parliamentary left opposition parties, CHP and HDP, which ran campaigns focused on opposition to the personality of the president: “If you don’t vote for us, Erdoğan will stay in power.”

The pressing need was to challenge the AKP on the basis of the severe economic and social problems facing the working class, including the unprecedented levels of poverty, the super-exploitation of workers by the capitalist class under a state of emergency that at times went so far to ban strikes and public demonstrations, and the Sunni-extremist AKP policies that destroyed the secular nature of the Republic of Turkey that at least on paper had guaranteed equality for women, paving the way for skyrocketing rates of sexist violence. Neither CHP nor HDP challenged the ongoing collaboration between AKP, NATO and U.S. imperialism and their overall role in the bloodbath in the region as part of efforts to overthrow the government of Syria.

The Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) was unjustly banned from participating in the elections and instead organized the platform “This Social Order Must Change” to run independent candidates. The TKP released a statement that pointed to the futility of a myopic, singular focus of anti-Erdoğan opposition in a vacuum that does not challenge the overall system:

“Anti-Erdoğan sentiments, which have been a driving force for a long time and pushed the limits of the established order as they reached a peak during the Gezi Resistance [mass anti-government protests in 2013], do not have any value on their own anymore. Quite the contrary, anti-Erdoğan sentiments have played a similar role in rendering our society powerless. What is fundamental is to take a solid stance against the established order, to put up a fight against exploitation, imperialism and reactionism”

Erdoğan and his AKP regime got a new lease on life to continue their assault on the working class of Turkey. The June 24 elections clearly demonstrate that the path to liberation for the working class can not be achieved simply through the ballot box, but through organized and determined action in the streets, in workplaces and everywhere people are suffering under the reactionary Erdoğan government and the capitalist system it represents.

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‘Turkey’s choice’ is not only Turkey’s

VT Bureau Chief Nahed al Husaini in Istanbul with MHP party leaders June 22, 2018

The questions seen in the West, Turkey’s role in the refugee crisis, their continued participation in NATO and their relationship with Iran and Russia, their closest economic partners, is paramount.

For Turkey, it is domestic issues, the economy, and security issues tied to the Kurdish minority and political parties deemed terrorist by Ankara.

Israel and the US want a puppet in Ankara, one that will join against both Russia and Iran.  Turkey’s strategic position give them considerable sway in regional relations.

From Pravda:

Turkey is gearing up for an important election that is going to take place on June 24th. Turks will choose their new President who will be in office for the next five years and they will also choose their candidates for the new 600-member Turkish Parliament.

'Turkey's choice' is not only Turkey's. 62554.jpeg

Although there is no certainty as to the percentages, many analysts agree that the Cumhur Alliance between incumbent President Erdogan’s AK Party and the nationalist MHP will win a majority in the parliament and a similar result is expected for the Presidential elections.

According to the Turkish election system, candidates need a minimum of 50% votes in order to be elected in the first round. President Erdogan is projected to get between 50% to 54% of the votes according to the latest poll and, it looks like the last-minute developments that will take place before the election will determine the outcome.

President Erdogan and the AK Party have been victorious in 12 elections in the span of the past 15 years and those 12 elections included five general elections, three local elections, three referendums and one presidential election. This success stems from the united front the Turkish people show under President Erdogan’s leadership. When President Erdogan first stood in the Istanbul municipality elections back in 1994, he got only two million votes.

In the latest referendum, his votes had reached 26 million. With every new election, more voters have rushed to his side, which proves that he has a solid, unwavering voter base. Most of those voters showed their loyalty to President Erdogan and the values he represented by pouring out on the streets on the night of the failed coup attempt on July 15, 2016.

Unlike the previous ones, this election will generally be a competition between Erdogan and his opponents. So much so, the election campaigns of the opposition have focused mostly on their anti-Erdogan stance rather than talking about their visions and goals. For example, while President Erdogan mentions his targets for 2023 and relevant projects to reach these targets, the other candidates merely talk about how they will stop those projects if they get elected. In this sense, the June 24th elections are poised to be one of the most interesting ones in history.

Although it looks like only Turkey will make the choice on June 24th, the outcome of this election will definitely have important consequences for the region and the world. The personal friendship of Putin-Erdogan-Rhouani has played an important role in the recent Turkish-Iranian-Russian rapprochement and the Qatari Amir benefited greatly from this alliance due to this personal friendship with President Erdogan.

A look at the Western mainstream media easily reveals that this alliance was an important reason behind the current anti-Erdogan stance in the Western world. The British deep state, which has been traditionally against such a united front, now employs all of its propaganda resources and media power with the hopes of affecting the election outcome in Turkey. This deep structure believes that if a Turkey without Erdogan comes out of the elections on June 24, this important alliance, which is a balancing factor for the Middle East, will get weaker and the British deep state will once again get control.

If a plot to achieve this scenario becomes successful and endangers the continued leadership of President Erdogan, the next stage of the plan, which is the division of the region, will almost certainly begin. Even though the main opposition party in Turkey has also been always against the idea of the separation of Turkey, the resulting environment will present a suitable opportunity to those that have been making such sinister plans.

President Erdogan saw this risk a long time ago, and paid great attention both to national unity and the alliance between Russia, Turkey and Iran. However, if the plot against him succeeds, the new leaders will probably fail to understand the importance of such unity or will be forced to do the opposite and Turkey will easily slip back into its previous role, where it was beholden to the Western world. This would lead to a swift separation process for Turkey, followed by the fragmentation of the Middle East.

This is the reason why certain deep circles consider Turkey’s elections crucial. They conspire against President Erdogan using all the resources available to them, while the Turkish people continue to support him with all their might. At a time when the danger is all too real and far too big, this support should be stronger than ever.

Readers will recall that Russia had been once the target of similar plots, but President Putin’s strong stance rendered them ineffective. The sinister projects to divide the Middle East can be stopped only by strong leaders that understand the significance of unity in the Middle East and the Caucasus.

Erdogan and Bahceli

Erdogan and MHP leader Bahçeli built an important alliance for this election, as both leaders think that Turkey is under attack, just like the majority of the Turkish people. They consider the legal coup of December 17-25, the military coup attempt of July 15, and the terror groups dominant in Iraq and Syria as a part of the war waged against Turkey.

For this reason, the Cumhur alliance is important in that it successfully brings together the voters. The recent increases in foreign exchange and interest rates are also seen as another part of this attack.

These leaders know perfectly well that the British deep state always plays the economy card in such sensitive times and credit rating institutions that keep saying ‘don’t invest in Turkey’ are always used for this very purpose. This ruse is definitely not new. Since the Turkish people are well aware of it, no one really thinks that this strange turn of events in the economy will have a significant impact on election outcome.

The June 24th elections are also important for other reasons: the age to be elected and vote has now come down to 18. Turkey has a very young population, with the average age being 28. Therefore, the Turkish youth wishes to vote for the future. 56 million people will cast their votes in the June 24th elections in Turkey, one of the most important democracies in the region.

It is important to note that a strong Turkey will be in the best interests of everyone in the region. The Turkish state and President Erdogan showed recently that Turkey would pursue fair and selfless policies. The continuing stability of Turkey is vital for a permanent peace in the region.

Harun Yahya


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Turkey Publishes the Whereabouts of Five Secret Military Bases in Syria that Belong to France


The Turkish Press Agency, Anadolu Agency, has published a map of five secret military bases in Syria belonging to France (see above part of the map pinpointing with the French flag four of these bases). One of these bases is the cement factory of the transnational group, Lafarge-Holcim, which is currently under a French judicial inquiry for financing terrorist groups.

The Agency specifically states that the first RPIMa (the Parachutist Regiment of the Navy’s Infantry) is deployed on Syrian soil. Furthermore, an additional 30 French soldiers are already in Raqqa and 70 at other sites in Syria.

Under international law, France’s military presence in Syria is illegal.

This publication of this information by the Turkish Agency constitutes a warning to France which has recently announced its support of the YPG, a Kurdish organization that is pro-US.

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Turkey to Establish Eight Military Bases in Syria’s Idlib Province



The Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) are going to establish 8 military bases in Syria’s Idlib province, according to the conservative Turkish daily newspaper Yeni Şafak.

“The Taftanaz Air Base and the Abu al-Duhur Military Airbase [in Syria’s Idlib province] are also two separate points that the TAF uses,” the daily writes.

According to the daily, the Syrian Arab Army’s largest garrison in the vicinity of the Deif region is now controlled by Turkish forces.

The TAF entered Syria’s Idlib province under a pretext of implemeting the de-escalation zones agreement reached by Tehran, Ankara and Moscow in the Astana talks on the Syrian conflict.

The Turkish military announced that it established the first observation post on October 13. Considering that no clashes between the TAF and Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (formerly Jabhat al-Nusra, the Syrian branch of al-Qaeda) have been reported since then, it becomes clear that Turkey has some kind of deal with the terrorist group which is the most influential “opposition faction” in the province.

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UAE paid $3bn to finance coup attempt in Turkey


Image result for United Arab Emirates LEADER CARTOON

The United Arab Emirates financed a high-profile coup attempt last year in Turkey and paid about three billion dollars to the putschists, a columnist in a Turkish daily has claimed.

Mehmet Acet, a columnist for Yeni Safak daily, said on Tuesday that Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu meant the United Arab Emirates when he recently hinted at a Muslim country that spent billions to topple the Turkish government in the coup in July 2016.

Cavusoglu said in recent remarks that a foreign country funneled money to the putschists while making efforts to topple President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

“We know that a country provided $3 billion in financial support for the coup attempt in Turkey and exerted efforts to topple the government in illegal ways. On top of that, it is a Muslim country,” said the Turkish foreign minister, as quoted by Acet.

Acet elaborated on his claims in an interview to the Turkish media, saying sources in the Turkish Foreign Ministry had confirmed that the country behind the coup was indeed the United Arab Emirates.

“The minister did not name the country. However, sources from the foreign ministry have confirmed that it was the UAE,” Acet told Daily Sabah newspaper.

Other sources have also claimed that a media magnate close to the government in Abu Dhabi had indeed transferred money to Turkey weeks before the coup was carried out. They said the money had been funneled to elements loyal to Fethullah Gulen, a cleric based in the United States who is accused by Ankara of masterminding the coup attempt.

Right after the coup was declared over on July 16 last year, Turkey launched a massive crackdown to hunt the plotters. The widening action then led to more than 40,000 arrests. More than 100,000 people have also been discharged from their jobs.

Turkey has not directly accused a country of having a role in the coup, which killed over 250 people. However, Cavusoglu’s remarks come amid a widening diplomatic standoff in the Persian Gulf region. Turkey has been defending Qatar against allegations of terrorism by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates while it has repeatedly endorsed Qatar’s support for senior officials from the Muslim Brotherhood, a popular party outlawed in Egypt since three years ago under pressure from the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia.

Ankara and Abu Dhabi are also at odds over the situation in Libya, where the two countries support different sides of the conflict.

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In Erdogan’s Turkey, an Artist Gets Jailed for Painting Reality

  • The painting which has landed the artists and journalist in jail
    The painting which has landed the artists and journalist in jail | Photo: Twitter: @peterslemani.
Turkey is becoming a totalitarian state.

A Turkish court has handed down a two-year, nine-month and 22-day jail sentence to a Kurdish artist because of her painting of a Kurdish village being razed by Turkish security forces.

RELATED: Turkey’s Erdogan Lashes Out at EU for Crusade Against Islam

Zehra Doğan, an ethnic Kurd from Diyarbakır in southeastern Turkey, was given the sentence by the Second High Criminal Court of the Mardin province after having been arrested last July. The painting in question shows the destroyed cityscape of Nusaybin, with Turkish flags draped across blown-out buildings.

Close to the border with Syria, Nusaybin is home to a large Kurdish population and Turkey says that the painting, along with her social media posts, are proof that Doğan has connections to the Kurdistan Workers’ Party, or PKK, a group which has been pushing for an autonomous Kurdish region since 1984, but which the Turkish state considers a terrorist organization.

Doğan, also an award-winning journalist, argued in court that all the crimes she is accused of are journalistic activities, for which she is registered with the state and a member of the Union of Journalists of Turkey.

“I was given two years and 10 months only because I painted Turkish flags on destroyed buildings. However, (the Turkish government) caused this. I only painted it,”  Doğan said in a tweet which has since been deleted, according to Turkey Purge, self-described as “a small group of young journalists who are trying to be the voice for Turkish people who suffer under an oppressive regime.”

Following the collapse of a cease-fire between Turkey and the PKK in July 2015, Turkey’s “anti-terrorist” operations against PKK militants across cities in the southeast of the country has had devastating effects, where Turkey has been continually criticized for serious human rights abuses against the Kurdish population.

RELATED: PKK Prisoners Around Turkey Start Hunger Strike to Free Ocalan

Around 2,000 people – mostly Kurds – have been killed or jailed as part of Turkish security operations, with hundreds of thousands displaced, according to a report by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.

Turkish forces have also prevented Kurds from accessing food, water and medical care, and imposed harsh curfews which would often last weeks and prevent the evacuation of displaced people who were trapped in the middle of fighting.

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Five reasons Turkish forces must leave Syria

Image result for ERDOGAN CARTOON
By Adam Garrie | The Duran 

Turkey’s presence in Syria is not welcome, not legal and not moral.

Ali Haidar, Syria’s Minister for National Reconciliation, recently talked to Sputnik where he condemned Turkey’s continued illegal presence in Syria.

With some many world-powers complicit in looking the other way at Turkey’s illegal war on Syria.

Here are five reasons that Turkey must leave.

  1. International Law

The first and foremost reason that Turkey should not be in Syria is that legally, Turkey cannot be in Syria. The Syrian Arab Republic is a sovereign state and Turkish presence is not welcomed by the Syrian government nor does Turkey have any sanction for their invasion by the United Nations.

Ali Haidar said quite clearly,

“Our stance on the presence of Turkish military forces has not changed. This is the violation of the sovereignty and occupation of Syria”.

As allies, Russia, Iran and Hezbollah forces have been welcomed to coordinate their war on terror with Damascus. This is not true of Turkey and their fellow NATO member states.

  1. Bad Intentions

Where Syria’s actual allies are helping to bring stability to a country besieged by a plethora of terrorist groups, whose names and local allegiances constant shift, Turkey has had two goals in Syria, neither of which are productive, let alone moral.

Turkey first of all wanted to push for illegal regime change in Damascus, something which the Turks now quietly concede is an impossibility.

The second reason Turkey is involved is to weaken the position of Kurdish YPG forces in Syria. Turkey wants to create an effective buffer zone in both Iraq and Syria between Kurdish positions in the two Arab states and Kurdish regions of Turkey. This is why both the Syrian government and Syrian Kurds are uniquely united in condemning Turkey’s presence in the country.

  1. Working With Jihadists

Because there isn’t political will among ordinary Turkish citizens for a mass invasion, Turkey is in great part relying on rag-tag jihadists who when fighting for Turkey call themselves the Free Syrian Army, a name first assigned to a group of mainly US funded marauders in 2011. The original group disappeared shortly after its creation.

But the current FSA is more or less a byword for jihadists loyal to and funded by Turkey. Whether standing under an Al-Sura, ISIS or FSA flag, there is little difference in the intention, ideology or methods of these vile groups.

  1. Undermining Arab Independence

President Erdogan is well known to have Ottoman ambitions. This has led him to threaten not only Greece and Cyprus but also the Arab world which the Ottoman Sultan once ruled. Arabs fought long and hard to establishment their independence in the 20thcentury. The long fight was more recently against European powers, but prior to that it was a struggle against Ottoman rule.

To add insult to injury, Turkey is now accusing Iran of what Turkey is doing, namely trying to gain a foothold in the Arab world. Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu accused Iran of trying to spread Shi’a Islam to Syria and Iraq, echoing the lie about a ‘Shi’a Crescent’.

Meanwhile President Erdogan accused Iran of trying to spread Persian Nationalism in the Arab world.

Although I have been critical of Iran’s role in Iraq, a role made possible only through the illegal US-UK invasion, in Syria, Iran has exercised restraint. Iran respects for Syria’s government and Syria’s secular way of life. The same cannot be said of Ankara.

By contrast, it is Turkey who is arming radical Sunni groups who put the lives of Shi’a Muslims, moderate Sunni Muslims and Christians in peril. It is Turkey’s President who shouts about restoring Ottoman provinces. No such words nor indications of direct actions come out of Tehran.

  1. Turkey’s Domestic Problems

With Erdogan facing problems on the home front, he really cannot afford his foreign adventures in Syria, not least because ISIS has been doing a strangely good job at keeping Turkish forces and their unreliable terrorist FSA at bay, although Turkey’s current (if not temporary) victory in Al-Bab may give Erdogan some buoyancy.

Between Gulenists, ISIS and Al-Qaeda sympathisers in Turkey, resurgent Kurdish PKK forces and Kemalists distraught by Erdogan’s increasing disregard for the traditions of modern Turkey, he simply cannot afford the giant distraction that his Syrian adventure has become. He ought to quit. Better late than never.

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